Christian Wirth

Group Leader



phone (0049) 3641 - 57-6225
fax (0049) 3641 - 57-7200
email cwirth (at) bgc-jena.mpg.de
room: C2.022





Research interests

  • Linking population ecology and biogeochemistry
  • Biodiversity and ecosystem functioning
  • Functional diversity of forest vegetation
  • Fire ecology
  • Old-growth forests
  • Allometry and allocation

Projects (Principle Investigator)

Projects (Co-PI or supervisor)


Curriculum vitae

  • Starting October 2009: Chair of Department "Special Botany and Functional Biodiversity Research", University of Leipzig, Germany
  • Since November 2005: Leader of Independent Junior Research Group "Organismic Biogeochemistry", Max-Planck-Institute for Biogeochemistry, Jena, Germany
  • May-October 2005: Senior scientist at the Max-Planck-Institute for Biogeochemistry, Jena, Germany
  • June-September 2004: Visiting scientist at the Institute of Arctic Biology, University of Fairbanks, Alaska, in the lab of Prof. F. Stuart Chapin
  • August/September 2003: Visiting scientist at Sukachev Institute for Forest, Russian Siberian Branch of the Academy of Siences, Krasnoyarsk, Russia
  • Feb 2003 to Feb 2005: Post-doctoral research scientist in the lab of Prof. Stephen W. Pacala, Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Princeton University, USA (Research fellowship funded by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft)
  • 2000-2003: Research scientist at Max-Planck-Institute for Biogeochemistry BMBF-project: �Carbon accounting of Thuringian�s forests � A German case study on implementing the Kyoto protocol�
  • 1998-2000: Ph. D. stipend at Max-Planck-Institute for Biogeochemistry
  • Winter 1997/98: Reseach scientist, University of Bayreuth

Editorial Board Member

  • Oecologia

Reviewer

Regularly:

  • Global Change Biology
  • Canadian Journal of Forest Research
  • Tree Physiology
  • Oecologia
  • Ecological Applications (ad hoc subject editor)

Occasionally:

  • Nature
  • PNAS
  • Ecology Letters
  • Ecology
  • Journal of Ecology
  • Plant, Cell and Environment
  • Functional Ecology
  • Agricultural and Forest Meteorology
  • Global Biogeochemical Cycles
  • Journal of Tropical Forest Science
  • Journal of Tropical Ecology
  • Natural Hazards
  • Plant and Soil
  • Acta Oecologia
  • Forestry
  • European Journal of Forest Research
  • Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change
  • Trees - Structure and Function
  • Journal of Vegetation Science
  • Biogeosciences Discussions
  • Biology Letters (Roy. Soc.)
  • Oikos

Project reviews

Regularly:

  • Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG)

Occasionally:

  • National Enviromental Research Council (NSF)
  • Swiss National Science Foundation (SNF)

Publications

In review

Allen E, plus 51 authors including Wirth C: Generalising the biodiversity-ecosystem functioning relationship based on 517 measures from a single experiment (submitted to Nature)

In press back

Kahl T, Wirth C, Mund M, Bönisch G, Schulze E-D: Using drill resistance to quantify the density in coarse woody debris of Norway spruce. European Journal of Forest Research (in press)

2009 back

Wirth C, Gleixner G, Heimann M (2009): Old-growth forest: Function, fate and value: An overview In Wirth C, Gleixner G, Heimann M (eds.) Old-growth forests: Function, fate and value. Ecological Studies, Vol. 207, Springer New York, Berlin, Heidelberg

Wirth C (2009): Old-growth forest: Function, fate and value: A synthesis In Wirth C, Gleixner G, Heimann M (eds.) Old-growth forests: Function, fate and value. Ecological Studies, Vol. 207, Springer New York, Berlin, Heidelberg.

Wirth C, Messier C, Bergeron Y, Frank D, Fankhänel A (2009): Old-growth forest definitions: a pragmatic view. In Wirth C, Gleixner G, Heimann M (eds.) Old-growth forests: Function, fate and value. Ecological Studies, Vol. 207, Springer New York, Berlin, Heidelberg.

Wirth C, Lichstein JW (2009): The imprint of succession on old-growth forest carbon balances insights from a trait-based model of forest dynamics. In Wirth C, Gleixner G, Heimann M (eds.) Old-growth forests: Function, fate and value. Ecological Studies, Vol. 207, Springer New York, Berlin, Heidelberg.

Lichstein JW, Wirth C, Horn HS, Pacala SW (2009): Biomass chronosequences of U.S. forests: implications for carbon storage and forest management. In Wirth C, Gleixner G, Heimann M (eds.) Old-growth forests: Function, fate and value. Ecological Studies, Vol. 207, Springer New York, Berlin, Heidelberg.

Knohl A, Schulze E-D, Wirth C (2009): Biosphere-atmosphere exchange of old-growth forests: processes and pattern. In Wirth C, Gleixner G, Heimann M (eds.) Old-growth forests: Function, fate and value. Ecological Studies, Vol. 207, Springer New York, Berlin, Heidelberg.

Schweingruber FH, Wirth C (2009): Old trees and the meaning of "old". In Wirth C, Gleixner G, Heimann M (eds.) Old-growth forests: Function, fate and value. Ecological Studies, Vol. 207, Springer New York, Berlin, Heidelberg.

Kutsch WL, Wirth C, Kattge J, Noellert S, Herbst M, Kappen L (2009): Ecophysiological characteristics of large, mature trees and consequences for old-growth functioning. In Wirth C, Gleixner G, Heimann M (eds.) Old-growth forests: Function, fate and value. Ecological Studies, Vol. 207, Springer New York, Berlin, Heidelberg.

Frank D, Finckh M, Wirth C (2009): Impacts of land use on habitat function of old-growth forests and its biodiversity. In Wirth C, Gleixner G, Heimann M (eds.) Old-growth forests: Function, fate and value. Ecological Studies, Vol. 207, Springer New York, Berlin, Heidelberg.

Gleixner G, Tefs C, Nueske A, Jordan A, Hammer M, Telz A, Schmidt UE,Glatzel S, Wirth C (2009): Soil Carbon Accumulation in Old-Growth Forests. In Wirth C, Gleixner G, Heimann M (eds.) Old-growth forests: Function, fate and value. Ecological Studies, Vol. 207, Springer New York, Berlin, Heidelberg.

Shevliakova, E, Pacala SW, Malyshev S, Hurtt GC, Milly PCD, Caspersen JP, Sentman LT, Fisk JP, Wirth C, Crevoisier C: Carbon cycling under 300 years of land-use change: the importance of the secondary vegetation sink. Global Biogeochemical Cycles doi:10.1029/2007GB003176 (early online)

Cornwell WK, Cornelissen HC, Allison S, Eggleton P, Preston C, Scarff F, Weedon JT, Wirth C, Zanne AE: Plant traits and wood fates across the globe — rotted, burned, or consumed? Global Change Biology doi:10.111/j.1365-2486.2009.01916.x (early online)

Kattge J, Knorr W, Raddatz T, Wirth C: Quantifying photosynthetic capacity and nitrogen use efficiency for earth system models. Global Change Biology 15(4):976-991

Weedon JT, Cornwell WK, Cornelissen HC, Zanne Y, Wirth C, Coomes D (2009): Global meta-analysis of wood decomposition rates: A role for trait variation among tree species? Ecology Letters 12:45-56

2008 back

Soussana J-F, Maire V, Gross N, Reinhold T, Dähring H, Pontes LS, Picon-Cochard, Fontaine S, Pages L, and Wirth C (2008): Modeling the functioning of complex grassland mixtures - First results of the DISCOVER project (in French). Fourrages 195:259-274

Hartmann H, Wirth C, Messier C, Berninger F (2008): Effects of above- and below-ground partial harvest disturbance on residual sugar maple growth and water stress. Tree Physiology 28:1851-1862

Wirth C, Lichstein JW, Dushoff J, Chen A, Chapin III FS (2008): White spruce forms sapling banks in black spruce habitat: Dispersal, establishment and growth across burned vegetation boundaries in a warming climate. Ecological Monographs 78(4):489-505 (currently listed among the top 4 in Ecological Monographs)

Tautenhahn S, Heilmeier H, Götzberger L, Klotz S, Wirth C, Kühn I: On the biogeography of seed mass in Germany Distribution patterns and environmental correlates. Ecography 31:457-468 [pdf]

Wutzler T, Wirth C, Schumacher J (2008) Generic biomass functions for Common beech (Fagus sylvatica L.) in Central Europe predictions and components of uncertainty. Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 38: 1661-1675

2007 back

Balshi MS, McGuire AD, Zhuang Q, Melillo J, Kicklighter DW, Kasischke E, Wirth C, Flannigan M, Harden J, Clein JS, Burnside TJ, McAllister J, Kurz W, Apps M, and Shvidenko A (2007): The role of historical fire disturbance in the carbon dynamics of the pan-boreal region: A process-based analysis. Journal of Geophysical Research 112(G2) G02029

Crevoiser C, Shevliakova E, Gloor E, Wirth C, Pacala S: Drivers of fire in the boreal forests: Data constrained design of a prognostic model of burned area for use in dynamic global vegetation models. Journal of Geophysical Research - Atmospheres 112(D24) D24112 (doi:10.1029/2006JD008372)

2006 back

McGuire A, Chapin II FS, Walsh J and Wirth C: Integrated regional changes in high-latitude climate feedbacks: Implications for the global climate system. Annual Review of Environment and Resources 31:61-91

McGuire DA, Chapin III FS, Wirth C, Apps M, Bhatti J, Callaghan T, Christensen TR, Clein JS, Fukuda M, Maximov T, Onuchin A, Shvidenko A and Vaganov E: Responses of high latitude ecosystems to global change: Potential consequences for the climate system. Chapter in Terrestrial Ecosystems in a Changing World, pp. 297-310. The IGBP Series, Springer-Verlag, Berlin Heidelberg.

Chapin III FS, Woodwell GM, Randerson JT, Lovett GM, Rastetter EB, Baldocchi DD, Clark DA, Harmon ME, Schimel DS, Valentini R, Wirth C, (plus 18 additional authors): Reconciling carbon cycle concepts, terminology, and methodology. Ecosystems 9:1041-1051

2005 back

Schulze E-D, Wirth C, Mollicone D, Ziegler W (2005): Succession after stand replacing disturbances by fire, windthrow and insects in the dark Taiga of Central Siberia. Oecologia 146: 77-88.

Vetter M, Wirth C, Böttcher H, Churkina G, Schulze E-D, Wutzler T, Weber G (2005): Partitioning direct and indirect human-induced effects on carbon sequestration of managed coniferous forests using model simulations and forest inventories. Global Change Biology 11: 810-827. *Carbo-Europe paper of the year 2005 *

Czimczik C, Mund M, Schulze E-D and Wirth C: Effects of reforestation, deforestation and afforestation on carbon storage in soils. In: The Carbon Balance of Forest Biomes (eds. Griffiths H. & Jarvis PG). Garland Science/Bios Scientific Publishers, London pp. 319-330.

Ciais P, Janssens I, Shvidenko A, Wirth C, Mahli Y, Grace J, Schulze E-D and Heimann M: The potential for rising CO2 to account for the observed uptake of carbon by tropical, temperate and boreal forest biomes. In: The Carbon Balance of Forest Biomes (eds. Griffiths H. & Jarvis PG). Garland/Science Bios Scientific Publishes, London, pp. 109-150

2004 back

Wirth C, Schumacher J, Schulze E-D (2004): Generic biomass functions for Norway spruce in central Europe - a meta-analysis approach towards prediction and uncertainty estimation. Tree Physiology 24:121-139. [pdf] Δ

Joosten R, Schumacher J, Wirth C and Schulte A (2004): Evaluating tree carbon predictions of beech (Fagus sylvatica L.) in western Germany. Forest Ecology and Management 189(1-3): 87-96.

Schulze B, Wirth C (corresponding author), Linke P, Brand W, Kuhlmann I, Horna de Zimmermann V, and Schulze E-D (2004): Laser Ablation-Combustion-GC-IRMS - A new method for online analysis of intra-annual variation in 13C in tree rings. Tree Physiology 24: 1193-1201.

Slot M, Wirth C, Schumacher J, Mohren GMJ, Shibistova O, Lloyd J, Ensminger I (2004): Regeneration patterns in boreal Scots pine glades linked to temperature and high-light photoinhibition. Tree Physiology 25(9): 1139-1150.

Wirth C (2004): Fire regime and tree diversity in boreal and high elevation forests: Implications for biogeochemical cycles. In: The ecological significance of forest diversity (eds. M. Scherer-Lorenzen, Ch. Körner and E.-D. Schulze). Ecological Studies 176. Springer New York, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 309-344.

2003 back

Wirth C, Schulze E-D, Schwalbe G, Tomczyk S, Weber G, and Weller E (2003): Dynamik der Kohlenstoffvorräte in den Wäldern Thüringens. Berichte der Thüringer Landesanstalt für Wald, Jagd und Fischerei, Gotha, 302 pp.

IPCC: Good practice guidance for Land-Use, Land-Use Change and Forestry (NGGIP-LULUCF task 1) - contributing author in chapter 5 (Rypdal et al.: Cross-cutting issues).

2002 back

Wirth C, Schulze E-D, Lühker B, Grigoriev S, Siry M, Hardes G, Ziegler W, Backor M, Bauer G and Vygodskaya NN (2002): Fire and site type effects on the long-term carbon balance in pristine Siberian Scots Pine forests. Plant and Soil 242: 41-63

McGuire A D, Wirth C, Apps M, Beringer J, Clein J, Epstein H, Kicklighter D W, Bhatti J, Chapin III F S, de Groot B, Efremov D, Eugster W, Fukuda M, Gower T, Hinzman L, Huntley B, Jia G J, Kasischke E, Melillo J, Romanovsky V, Shvidenko A, Vaganov E and Walker D (2002): Environmental Variation, Vegetation Distribution, Carbon Dynamics and Water/Energy Exchanges. Journal of Vegetation Science 13.3: 301-314

Wirth C, Schulze E-D, Kusznetova V, Milyukova I, Hardes G, Siry M, Schulze B, and Vygodskaya N N (2002): Comparing the influence of site quality, stand age, fire and climate on above-ground production in Siberian Scots pine forests. Tree Physiology 22: 537-552

Wirth C, Czimczik C I and Schulze E-D (2002): Beyond annual budgets: Carbon flux at different temporal scales in fire-prone Siberian Scots pine forests. Tellus 54B (5): 611-630

Mollicone D, Achard F, Marchesini L B, Federici S, Wirth C, Stefano Rosellini, Schulze E-D and Valentini R (2002): A new remote sensing based approach to determine forest fire cycle: Case study of the central Siberia Abies dominated taiga. Tellus 54B (5):688-695

Schulze E-D, Wirth C, and Heimann M (2002): Carbon fluxes in the Eurosiberian Region. Environmental Control in Biology 40(3):249-258

Schulze E-D, Vygodskaya N N , Tschebakova N, Czimczik C I, Kozlov D, Lloyd, J, Mollicone D, Myachkova E, Sidorov K, Varlagin A and Wirth C (2002): The Eurosiberian transect: An introduction to the experimental region. Tellus 54B (5):421-428

Vygodskaya NN, Schulze E-D, Tchebakova NM, Karpachevskii LO, Kozlov D, Sidorov KN, Panvyorov MI, Abrazko MI, Shaposhnikov ES, Solnzeva ON, Minaeva TY, Jeltuchin AS, Wirth C, Pugachevskii AV (2002): Climatic control of stand thinning in unmanaged spruce forests of the southern taiga in European Russia. Tellus 54B (5) 443-461

Lloyd J, Shibistova O, Zolotoukhine D, Kolle O, Arneth A, Wirth C, Styles J M, Tchebakova N M, and Schulze E.-D. (2002). Seasonal and annual variations in the photosynthetic productivity and carbon balance of a central Siberian pine forest. Tellus 54B (5):590-610

2001 back

Schimel D, House J, Hibbard K, Bousquet P, Ciais P, Peylin P, Apps M, Baker D, Bondeau A, Brasswell R, Canadell J, Churkina G, Cramer W, Denning S, Field C, Friedlingstein P, Goodale C, Heimann M, Houghton R A, Melillo J, Moore III B, Murdiyarso D, Noble I, Pacala S, Prentice C, Raupach M, Rayner P, Scholes B, Steffen W and Wirth C (2001): Recent patterns and mechanisms of carbon exchange by terrestrial ecosystems. Nature 414:169-172

2000 back

Zimmermann R, Schulze E-D, Wirth C, Schulze EE, McDonald KC, Vygodskaya NN and Ziegler W (2000): Canopy transpiration in a chronosequence of Central Siberian Pine forests. Global Change Biology 6:25-37

Schulze E-D, Wirth C and Heimann M (2000): Kyoto and the global carbon cycle. Science 289(5487):2058-2059

Schulze E-D, Wirth C and Heimann M (2000): Response to Science 290:1895 (Letter by JH Borden, G Marland, B Schlamadinger, R Methews (2000): Kyoto forests and a broader perspective on management. Science 290:2895

1999 back

Schulze E-D, Lloyd J, Kelliher FM, Wirth C, Rebmann C, Lähker B, Mund M, Knohl A, Milyukova I, Schulze W, Ziegler W, Varlagin A, Valentini R, Dore S, Grigoriev S, Kolle O and Vygodskaya NN (1999): Productivity of forests in the Eurosiberian boreal region and their potential to act as a carbon sink - A synthesis. Global Change Biology 5(6):703-722

Wirth C, Schulze E-D, Schulze W, von Stönzner-Karbe D, Ziegler W, Miljukowa I, Sogatchev A, Varlagin AB, Panvyorov M, Grigoriev S, Kusnetzova W, Siry M, Hardes G, Zimmermann R and Vygodskaya NN (1999): Above-ground biomass in pristine Siberian Scots pine forests as controlled by competition and fire. Oecologia 121:66-80

Kelliher FM, Lloyd J, Baldocchi DD, Rebmann C, Wirth C and Schulze E-D (1999): Evaporation in the boreal zone during summer - physics and vegetation. In: Schulze E-D, Heimann M, Harrison S, Holland E, Lloyd J, Prentice C, Schimel D (2001): Global biogeochemical cycles in the climate system. Academic press, San Diego, 151-165

Reports back

Wirth C, Schulze E-D, Schwalbe G, Tomczyk S, Weber G, and Weller E (2003): Dynamik der Kohlenstoffvorräte in den Wäldern Thüringens. Berichte der Thüringer Landesanstalt für Wald, Jagd und Fischerei, Gotha, 302 pp.

Other Publications and Theses (not peer-reviewed) back

Wirth C, Kattge J: Functional biodiversity research at the global scale. MPG Annual Report (in press)

Wirth C (1994): Das Kienmoor - Ein schützenswertes Niedermoor am Nordrand von Barnstorf. Zwischen Hunte und Weser (FA 5 Naturschutz, Landschaftspflege und Umweltfragen), Mitteilungsblatt des Kreisheimatbundes Diepholz e. V., Mai 1994: 26-30.

Wirth C (1998): Productivity and carbon sink capacity of Russian boreal forests. Proceedings of the International Workshop: Ecological and economic problems in the boreal woodlands of Russia, July 2-6 1998, Dresden, 67-71.

Wirth C (2000): The impact of fire on the carbon dynamics in Siberian Scots pine forests. Interactions of biogeochemistry and population ecology. Ph. D. Thesis, University of Bayreuth, 266 pp.