Overview

The global terrestrial biosphere, i.e. the vegetation and soils, strongly reacts to variations in atmospheric conditions but also influences the atmosphere via exchange of matter and energy (e.g. trace gases, latent and sensible heat). These interactions occur on time-scales that range from seconds to millennia, and ascend from the molecular to the global spatial scale. They are mediated by the action of organisms which shape important biogeochemical and biogeophysical processes in their ecosystems, which in turn are forming landscapes, regions, and biomes. Hence we study the nature and the role of these interactions between the biosphere and the atmosphere, using a modelling approach, which integrates observations from organisms to global scale. This research should ultimately help understanding how the biosphere is reacting to and is exerting feedbacks on ongoing environmental change (e.g. changing water cycle, global warming, increasing atmospheric CO2 levels, and nitrogen deposition).

News and activities

February 14th to 16th 2016, upcoming Cross community workshop E3S Extreme Events and Environments from climate to Society


February 12th to 13th 2016, Michael Stifel Center Jena retreat of all MSCJ members


February 02nd to 04st 2016, GlobBiomass 1st User Workshop in Laxenburg


February 01st 2016, Adam Erickson joined the Model-Data Integration group
Welcome!


Latest papers

Forkel, M., Carvalhais, C., Rödenbeck, C., Keeling, R., Heimann, M., Thonick, K., Zaehle, S., Reichstein, M. (2016) Enhanced seasonal CO2 exchange caused by amplified plant productivity in northern ecosystems. Science (Early View) DOI: 10.1126/science.aac4971

Sippel, S., Otto, F. E. L., Forkel, M., Allen, M. R., Guillod, B. P., Heimann, M., Reichstein, M., Seneviratne, S. I., Thonicke, K. & Mahecha, M. D. (2016) A novel bias correction methodology for climate impact simulations. Earth Syst. Dynam., 7, 71-88, doi:10.5194/esd-7-71-2016

Sippel S., Zscheischler J., Heimann M., Otto F.E.L., Peters J. and Mahecha M.D. (2015), Quantifying changes in climate variability and extremes: Pitfalls and their overcoming, Geophys. Res. Lett., 42, 9990–9998, doi:10.1002/2015GL066307

Perez-Priego, O., Guan, J., Rossini, M., Fava, F., Wutzler, T., Moreno, G., Carvalhais, N., Carrara, A., Kolle, O., Julitta, T., Schrumpf, M., Reichstein, M., and Migliavacca, M (2015) Sun-induced chlorophyll fluorescence and photochemical reflectance index improve remote-sensing gross primary production estimates under varying nutrient availability in a typical Mediterranean savanna ecosystem, Biogeosciences, 12, 6351-6367, doi:10.5194/bg-12-6351-2015.

Forkel, M., Carvalhais, C., Rödenbeck, C., Keeling, R., Heimann, M., Thonick, K., Zaehle, S., Reichstein, M. (2016) Enhanced seasonal CO2 exchange caused by amplified plant productivity in northern ecosystems. Science (Early View) DOI: 10.1126/science.aac4971