Overview

The global terrestrial biosphere, i.e. the vegetation and soils, strongly reacts to variations in atmospheric conditions but also influences the atmosphere via exchange of matter and energy (e.g. trace gases, latent and sensible heat). These interactions occur on time-scales that range from seconds to millennia, and ascend from the molecular to the global spatial scale. They are mediated by the action of organisms which shape important biogeochemical and biogeophysical processes in their ecosystems, which in turn are forming landscapes, regions, and biomes. Hence we study the nature and the role of these interactions between the biosphere and the atmosphere, using a modelling approach, which integrates observations from organisms to global scale. This research should ultimately help understanding how the biosphere is reacting to and is exerting feedbacks on ongoing environmental change (e.g. changing water cycle, global warming, increasing atmospheric CO2 levels, and nitrogen deposition).

News and activities

September 29th, 2016, Sönke Zaehle as keynote speaker on FACEing the future food production and ecosystems conference


September 26th, 2016, talks by Markus Reichstein and Miguel Mahecha at the MSCJ Autumn School Dynamics of natural (eco)systems: theory and applications co-organized by MPI-BGI.


September12th, 2016, Bruna Oliveira is visiting PhD student in Biosphere-Atmosphere Experimentation and Interactions Group
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September12th, 2016, Xiaolu Tang joined the Model-Data Integration Group.
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Latest key papers

Goldmann K., Schröter K., Pena R., Schöning I., Schrumpf M., Buscot F., Polle A., Wubet T. (2016) Divergent habitat filtering of root and soil fungal communities in temperate beech forests Sci. Rep. 6, 31439; doi: 10.1038/srep31439 (2016)

Schürmann, G. J., Kaminski, T., Köstler, C., Carvalhais, N., Voßbeck, M., Kattge, J., Giering, R., Rödenbeck, C., Heimann, M., and Zaehle, S.: Constraining a land-surface model with multiple observations by application of the MPI-Carbon Cycle Data Assimilation System V1.0, Geosci. Model Dev., 9, 2999-3026, doi:10.5194/gmd-9-2999-2016, 2016.

Sippel, S., Zscheischler, J., Heimann, M., Lange, H., Mahecha M.D. , Van Oldenborgh G.J., Otto F.E.L., Reichstein, M. (2016) Have precipitation extremes and annual totals been increasing in the world’s dry regions over the last 60 years? Manuscript under review for journal Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci. doi:10.5194/hess-2016-452, 2016

Urbazaev, M., Thiel, C., Migliavacca, M., Reichstein, M., Rodriguez-Veiga, P., Schmullius, C. (2016). Improved multi-sensor satellite-based aboveground biomass estimation by selecting temporally stable forest inventory plots using NDVI time series. Forests, 7(8): 169. doi:10.3390/f7080169.

Schürmann, G. J., Kaminski, T., Köstler, C., Carvalhais, N., Voßbeck, M., Kattge, J., Giering, R., Rödenbeck, C., Heimann, M., and Zaehle, S.: Constraining a land-surface model with multiple observations by application of the MPI-Carbon Cycle Data Assimilation System V1.0, Geosci. Model Dev., 9, 2999-3026, doi:10.5194/gmd-9-2999-2016, 2016.