- A. Kleidon (2012) How does the earth system generate and maintain thermodynamic disequilibrium and what does it imply for the future of the planet?, Phil Trans A, 370: 1012-1040.
- A Kleidon, 2010. Life, hierarchy, and the thermodynamic machinery of planet Earth, Physics of Life Reviews, 7, 424-460.
Axel Kleidon studied physics and meteorology at the University of Hamburg and Purdue University. He received his Ph.D. in 1998 in meteorology from the University of Hamburg. After his PostDoc at Stanford University he joined the faculty of the University of Maryland in 2001. Since 2006 he leads an independent research group at the Max-Planck-Institute for Biogeochemistry in Jena, Germany. In his research, he uses thermodynamics to quantify natural energy conversions within the Earth system and their limits, and applies this approach to understand atmosphere-biosphere interactions, Earth system responses to global change, and the natural limits of renewable energy.
Education and Positions held:
- 2006 - present: Max Planck Research Group leader, Biospheric Theory and Modelling Group, Max-Planck-Institute for Biogeochemistry, Jena, Germany.
- 2001 - 2006: Assistant Professor: Department of Geography, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland, USA. 2004-2006 jointly with the Earth System Science Interdisciplinary Center.
- 1998 - 2000: Postdoctoral Fellow, Department of Biological Sciences, Stanford University, Stanford, California, USA. Advisor: Prof. Harold A Mooney.
- 1994 - 1998: University of Hamburg (Germany), Ph.D. May 1998, Meteorology. Advisor: Martin Heimann, Max-Planck-Institute for Meteorology.
- 1992 - 1994: Purdue University (Indiana, USA), M.Sc. May 1994, Physics.
- 1989 - 1992: University of Hamburg (Germany), Physics, Minor: Mathematics, Meteorology.
- Feodor Lynen Fellowship, Alexander-von-Humboldt Foundation, Bonn, Germany, 1998-2000. (link).
- GKSS Award for Understandable Science, GKSS Research Centre, Geesthacht, Germany, 1998.
- Student Exchange Fellowship, University of Hamburg, Germany, 1992.
- Climatology classes, University of Maryland, 2001-2006.
- Globaler Klimawandel: Ursachen und Folgen, Friedrich Schiller University, Spring 2008.
- Pflanzen im Wasserkreislauf, jointly with Anke Hildebrandt, Friedrich Schiller University, Winter 2011/12.
- Thermodynamics of the Earth system, summer school on biogeodynamics and Earth system sciences, Istituto Veneto di Scienze Lettere ed Arti, Venice, Italy, June 2012.