Max Planck Gesellschaft

Soil & Vegetation Functioning - currently under construction

Climate, vegetation, and soil interact in manifold ways at different temporal and spatial scales reacting to and exerting feedbacks on ongoing environmental change. We combine experiments and in-situ long-term observation with Earth observations gathered by aircraft and satellites to analyse with data-driven machine learning and theory-driven mechanistic modelling.

Activities & collaborations

more about Large-Scale Manipulation Experiments

El-Madany, T. S., Reichstein, M., Carrara, A.,et al. (2021). How nitrogen and phosphorus availability change water use efficiency in a Mediterranean savanna ecosystem. Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences, 126(5): e2020JG006005. doi:10.1029/2020JG006005
Luo, Y. et al. (2020). Nutrients and water availability constrain the seasonality of vegetation activity in a Mediterranean ecosystem. Global Change Biology, 26(8), 4379-4400. doi:10.1111/gcb.15138
El-Madany, T. S. et al. (2018). Drivers of spatio-temporal variability of carbon dioxide and energy fluxes in a mediterranean savanna ecosystem. doi:10.1016/j.agrformet.2018.07.010

Upscale biosphere-atmosphere fluxes

Jung, M., Koirala, S., Weber, U., Ichii, K., Gans, F., Camps-Valls, G., Papale, D., Schwalm, C., Tramontana, G., Reichstein, M. (2019). The FLUXCOM ensemble of global land-atmosphere energy fluxes. Scientific Data, 6: 74. doi:10.1038/s41597-019-0076-8

Jung, M. et al. (2020). Scaling carbon fluxes from eddy covariance sites to globe: synthesis and evaluation of the FLUXCOM approach. Biogeosciences, 17(5), 1343-1365. doi:10.5194/bg-17-1343-2020

Ecosystem Functioning

major axes of terrestrial ecosystem function

Migliavacca, M. et al. (2021). The three major axes of terrestrial ecosystem function. Nature, 598, 468-472. doi:10.1038/s41586-021-03939-9

Reichstein, M. et al. (2014). Linking plant and ecosystem functional biogeography. Proc.Natl.Acad.Sci.USA, 111(38), 13697-13702.doi:10.1073/pnas.1216065111

Remote Sensing of Ecosystem Functions

Pacheco-Labrador, J. et al.(2021). senSCOPE: Modeling mixed canopies combining green and brown senesced leaves. Evaluation in a Mediterranean Grassland. Remote Sensing of Environment, 257(3): 112352.doi:10.1016/j.rse.2021.112352

Martini, D., et al. (2021). Heatwave breaks down the linearity between sun-inducedfluorescence and gross primary production. New Phytologist. doi:10.1111/nph.17920.doi:10.1111/nph.17920
Pacheco-Labrador, J. et al. (2019). Multiple-constraint inversion of SCOPE. Evaluating the potential of GPP and SIF for the retrieval of plant functional traits. doi:10.1016/j.rse.2019.111362

New partitioning methods

Tramontana, G., Migliavacca, M., Jung, M., Reichstein, M., Keenan, T. F., Camps-Valls, G., Ogee, J., Verrelst, J., Papale, D. (2020) Partitioning net carbon dioxide fluxes into photosynthesis and respiration using neural networks. Global Change Biology, 26(9), 5235-5253. doi:10.1111/gcb.15203

Keenan, T. F. et al. (2019) doi:10.1038/s41559-019-0809-2

Soil Carbon Turnover

Ahrens, B. et al. (2020). Combination of energy limitation and sorption capacity explains 14C depth gradients. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 148: 107912. doi:10.1016/j.soilbio.2020.107912

Fan, N. et al. (2020). Apparent ecosystem carbon turnover time: uncertainties and robust features. Earth System Science Data, 12(4), 2517-2536. doi:10.5194/essd-12-2517-2020.

Key publications

Migliavacca, M. et al. (2021). The three major axes of terrestrial ecosystem function. Nature, 598, 468-472. doi:10.1038/s41586-021-03939-9.

El-Madany, T. S. et al. (2021). How nitrogen and phosphorus availability change water use efficiency in a Mediterranean savanna ecosystem. Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences, 126(5): e2020JG006005. doi:10.1029/2020JG006005

Li, W. et al. (2021). Revisiting global vegetation controls using multi-layer soil moisture. Geophysical Research Letters, 48(11): e2021GL092856. doi:10.1029/2021GL092856.

Talks, videos & interviews

(German video), lecture by Markus Reichstein, Berlin Oct.12th 2018

about the Earth Metabolism and the role played by vegetation and soils in series "MaxPlanckCinema”

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