Max Planck Gesellschaft


How do ecosystems respond to changing weather patterns, rising temperatures and increasing carbon dioxide concentrations? Is the effect of precipitation more important than that of temperature? Or are ecosystem dynamics more strongly affected by nutrient availability? What is the role of extreme events in shaping biogeochemical cycles? To find out the answers we need to understand the interactions among three complex systems: climate, vegetation, and soil. Thus, we combine experiments and in-situ long-term observation with Earth observations gathered by aircraft and satellites across a range of spatial scales, and embrace data-driven machine learning and theory-driven mechanistic modelling. With our research, we try to understand how the terrestrial biosphere reacts to and exerts feedbacks on ongoing environmental change and variation in atmospheric conditions.

Latest key papers

Yu, L., Ahrens, B., Wutzler, T., Schrumpf, M., Zaehle, S. (2020). Jena Soil Model (JSM v1.0; revision 1934): a microbial soil organic carbon model integrated with nitrogen and phosphorus processes. Geoscientific Model Development, 13(2), 783-803.doi:10.5194/gmd-13-783-2020..

Caldararu, S., Thum, T., Yu, L., Zaehle, S. (2020). Whole-plant optimality predicts changes in leaf nitrogen under variable CO2 and nutrient availability. New Phytologist, 225(6), 2331-2346. doi:10.1111/nph.16327

Jung, M., Schwalm, C., Migliavacca, M., Walther, S., Camps-Valls, G., Koirala, S., Anthoni, P., Besnard, S., Bodesheim, P., Carvalhais, N., Chevallier, F., Gans, F., Goll, D. S., Haverd, V., Koehler, P., Ichii, K., Jain, A. K., Liu, J., Lombardozzi, D., Nabel, J. E. M. S., Nelson, J. A., O’Sullivan, M., Pallandt, M., Papale, D., Peters, W., Pongratz, J., Rödenbeck, C., Sitch, S., Tramontana, G., Walker, A., Weber, U., Reichstein, M. (2020). Scaling carbon fluxes from eddy covariance sites to globe: synthesis and evaluation of the FLUXCOM approach. Biogeosciences, 17(5), 1343-1365. doi:10.5194/bg-17-1343-2020.

Krich, C., Runge, J., Miralles, D. G., Migliavacca, M., Perez-Priego, O., El-Madany, T. S., Carrara, A., Mahecha, M. D. (2020). Estimating causal networks in biosphere–atmosphere interaction with the PCMCI approach. Biogeosciences, 17(4), 1033-1061. doi:10.5194/bg-17-1033-2020

Linscheid, N., Estupinan-Suarez, L. M., Brenning, A., Carvalhais, N., Cremer, F., Gans, F., Rammig, A., Reichstein, M., Sierra, C., Mahecha, M. D. (2020). Towards a global understanding of vegetation–climate dynamics at multiple timescales. Biogeosciences, 17(4), 945-962. doi:10.5194/bg-17-945-2020

Mahecha, M. D., Gans, F., Brandt, G., Christiansen, R., Cornell, S. E., Fomferra, N., Kraemer, G., Peters, J., Bodesheim, P., Camps-Valls, G., Donges, J. F., Dorigo, W., Estupiñan-Suarez, L., Gutierrez-Velez, V. H., Gutwin, M., Jung, M., Londoño, M. C., Miralles, D. G., Papastefanou, P., Reichstein, M. (2020). Earth system data cubes unravel global multivariate dynamics. Earth System Dynamics, 11(1), 201-234. doi:10.5194/esd-2019-62.

News and activities

March 30th 2020
Sophia Walther was granted a 2 year ESA Living Planet Fellowship for Vad3e mecum: Vegetation and drought: towards improved data-driven estimates of ecosystem carbon fluxes under moisture stress.

March 25th 2020
Markus Reichstein nominated as a member of the Specialized Panel of Scientific Experts pursuant to the Environmental Rules at the Permanent Court of Arbitration for 6 yrs (starting June 11th 2020)

March 9th 2020
Hanna Graefen, University Giessen, starting this week at BGI

March 2nd 2020
Khalil Teber, University Bayreuth, starting this week at BGI

February 12th 2020

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