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How do ecosystems respond to changing weather patterns, rising temperatures and increasing carbon dioxide concentrations? Is the effect of precipitation more important than that of temperature? Or are ecosystem dynamics more strongly affected by nutrient availability? What is the role of extreme events in shaping biogeochemical cycles? To find out the answers we need to understand the interactions among three complex systems: climate, vegetation, and soil. Thus, we combine experiments and in-situ long-term observation with Earth observations gathered by aircraft and satellites across a range of spatial scales, and embrace data-driven machine learning and theory-driven mechanistic modelling. With our research, we try to understand how the terrestrial biosphere reacts to and exerts feedbacks on ongoing environmental change and variation in atmospheric conditions.

Latest key papers

Castro-Morales, K., Schürmann, G., Köstler, C., Rödenbeck, C., Heimann, M., Zaehle, S. (2019). Three decades of simulated global terrestrial carbon fluxes from a data assimilation system confronted with different periods of observations. Biogeosciences, 16(15), 3009-3032. doi:10.5194/bg-16-3009-2019.

Boese, S., Jung, M., Carvalhais, N., Teuling, A. J., Reichstein, M. (2019). Carbon–water flux coupling under progressive drought. Biogeosciences, 16(13), 2557-2572. doi:10.5194/bg-16-2557-2019

Knauer, J., Zaehle, S., Kauwe, M. G. D., Bahar, N. H. A., Evans, J. R., Medlyn, B. E., Reichstein, M., Werner, C. (2019). Effects of mesophyll conductance on vegetation responses to elevated CO2 concentrations in a land surface model. Global Change Biology. doi:10.1111/gcb.14604

Nair, R. K. F., Kendalynn, A. M., Hertel, M., Luo, Y., Moreno, G., Reichstein, M., Schrumpf, M., Migliavacca, M. (2019). N:P stoichiometry and habitat effects on Mediterranean savanna seasonal root dynamics. Biogeosciences, 16(9), 1883-1901. doi:10.5194/bg-16-1883-2019

Reichstein M., Camps-Valls G., Stevens B., Jung M., Denzler J., Cavalhais N., Prabhat (2019) Deep learning and process understanding for data-driven Earth system science. Nature 566, 195–204, doi:10.1038/s41586-019-0912-1

Rzanny M., Mäder P., Deggelmann A., Chen M., Wäldchen J. (2019) Flowers, leaves or both? How to obtain suitable images for automated plant identification. Plant Methods (2019) 15:77. doi:10.1186/s13007-019-0462-4

News and activities

August 2nd 2019
Rene Orth talk at Opening event for exhibition about climate-related migration
4.00 p.m. Universitätsklinikum Jena Hörsaal 2

June 18st 2019
Guido Kraemer got a "special mention" in the 2019 human development data visualization challenge by the UNDP
Congratulations !

May 24st 2019
Markus Reichstein at Climate Pavilion
Climate extremes and their impact on ecosystems and society
6.00 p.m. Rasenmühleninsel Jena

May 13st 2019
Markus Reichstein at the Science and Policy Forum for the Implementation of Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction organized by UNDRR, IRDR, ISC, STAG in Geneva

May 6st 2019

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