Max Planck Gesellschaft

Overview

The global terrestrial biosphere, i.e. the vegetation and soils, strongly reacts to variations in atmospheric conditions but also influences the atmosphere via exchange of matter and energy (e.g. trace gases, latent and sensible heat). These interactions occur on time-scales that range from seconds to millennia, and ascend from the molecular to the global spatial scale. They are mediated by the action of organisms which shape important biogeochemical and biogeophysical processes in their ecosystems, which in turn are forming landscapes, regions, and biomes. Hence we study the nature and the role of these interactions between the biosphere and the atmosphere, using a modelling approach, which integrates observations from organisms to global scale. This research should ultimately help understanding how the biosphere is reacting to and is exerting feedbacks on ongoing environmental change (e.g. changing water cycle, global warming, increasing atmospheric CO2 levels, and nitrogen deposition).

Latest key papers

Benali, A., Mota, B., Carvalhais, N., Oom, D., Miller, L. M., Campagnolo, M. L., Pereira, J. M. C. (2017) Bimodal fire regimes unveil a global-scale anthropogenic fingerprint. Global Ecology and Biogeography. DOI: 10.1111/geb.12586



Arneth, A., Sitch, S., Pongratz, J., Stocker, B. D., Ciais, P., Poulter, B., Bayer, A. D., Bondeau, A., Calle, L., Chini, L. P., Gasser, T., Fader, M., Friedlingstein, P., Kato, E., Li, W., Lindeskog, M., Nabel, J. E. M. S., Pugh, T. A. M., Robertson, E., Viovy, N., Yue, C., Zaehle, S. (2017) Historical carbon dioxide emissions caused by land-use changes are possibly larger than assumed.Nature Geoscience 10, 79–84. doi:10.1038/ngeo2882

Jung, M., Reichstein, M., Schwalm, C.R., Huntingford, C., Sitch, S., Ahlström, A., Arneth, A., Camps-Valls, G., Ciais, P., Friedlingstein, P., Gans, F., Ichii, K., Jain, A.K., Kato, E., Papale, D., Poulter, B., Raduly, B., Rödenbeck, C., Tramontana, G., Viovy, N., Wang, Y.-P., Weber, U., Zaehle, S., Zeng, N. (advance online publication 16.01.2017) Compensatory water effects link yearly global land CO2 sink changes to temperature. Nature 541, 516–520. DOI: 10.1038/nature20780

Perez-Priego O., El-Madany T.S., Migliavacca M., Kowalski A.S., Jung M., Carrara A. ,Kolle O., Martín M. P., Pacheco-Labrador J., Moreno G. , Reichstein M. (2017) Evaluation of eddy covariance latent heat fluxes with independent lysimeter and sapflow estimates in a Mediterranean savannah ecosystem. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 236,87–99. DOI: 10.1016/j.agrformet.2017.01.009

Thurner M., Beer C., Ciais P., Friend A.D., Ito A., Kleidon A., Lomas M.R., Quegan S., Rademacher T.T., Schaphoff S., Tum M., Wiltshire A. and Carvalhais N. (2017, accepted online) Evaluation of climate-related carbon turnover processes in global vegetation models for boreal and temperate forests . Global Change Biology. DOI: 10.1111/gcb.13660.

News and activities

May 16th–18th,2017
FLUXCOM Workshop, 2017 at Max Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry, Jena, Germany


April 23th–28th,2017
BGI members at EGU Vienna see at Events

April 22th, 2017
2 PostDoc positions available

Review of applications will begin 31.05.2017!


April 12th, 2017
CAB-LAB Project Workshop in ESRIN, Frascati, Italy
Introducing the Earth System Data Cube and demonstrating its usage

April 11th, 2017
Markus Reichstein key note speaker at 18th Swiss Global Change Day
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