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How do ecosystems respond to changing weather patterns, rising temperatures and increasing carbon dioxide concentrations? Is the effect of precipitation more important than that of temperature? Or are ecosystem dynamics more strongly affected by nutrient availability? What is the role of extreme events in shaping biogeochemical cycles? To find out the answers we need to understand the interactions among three complex systems: climate, vegetation, and soil. Thus, we combine experiments and in-situ long-term observation with Earth observations gathered by aircraft and satellites across a range of spatial scales, and embrace data-driven machine learning and theory-driven mechanistic modelling. With our research, we try to understand how the terrestrial biosphere reacts to and exerts feedbacks on ongoing environmental change and variation in atmospheric conditions.

Latest key papers

Martini, D.; Pacheco-Labrador, J.; Perez-Priego, O.; van der Tol, C.; Madany, T.S.E.; Julitta, T.; Rossini, M.; Reichstein, M.; Christiansen, R.; Rascher, U.; Moreno, G.; Martín, M.P.; Yang, P.; Carrara, A.; Guan, J.; González-Cascón, R.; Migliavacca, M. (2019) Nitrogen and Phosphorus effect on Sun-Induced Fluorescence and Gross Primary Productivity in Mediterranean Grassland. Remote Sens. 2019, 11(21), 2562; doi: 10.3390/rs11212562

Boese, S., Jung, M., Carvalhais, N., Teuling, A. J., Reichstein, M. (2019). Carbon–water flux coupling under progressive drought. Biogeosciences, 16(13), 2557-2572. doi:10.5194/bg-16-2557-2019

Jenny, J.-P., Koirala, S., Gregory-Eaves, I., Francus, P., Niemann, C., Ahrens, B., Brovkin, V., Baud, A., Ojala, A. E. K., Normandeau, A., Zolitschka, B., Carvalhais, N. (2019). Human and climate global-scale imprint on sediment transfer during the Holocene. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. doi:10.1073/pnas.1908179116.

Knauer, J., Zaehle, S., De Kauwe, M. G., Haverd, V., Reichstein, M., Sun, Y. (2019). Mesophyll conductance in land surface models: Effects on photosynthesis and transpiration. The Plant Journal. doi:10.1111/TPJ.14587.

Morris, K. A., Nair, R. K. F., Moreno, G., Schrumpf, M., Migliavacca, M. (2019). Fate of N additions in a multiple resource-limited Mediterranean oak savanna. Ecosphere, 10(11): e02921. doi:10.1002/ecs2.2921.

Reichstein M., Camps-Valls G., Stevens B., Jung M., Denzler J., Cavalhais N., Prabhat (2019) Deep learning and process understanding for data-driven Earth system science. Nature 566, 195–204, doi:10.1038/s41586-019-0912-1

Rzanny M., Mäder P., Deggelmann A., Chen M., Wäldchen J. (2019) Flowers, leaves or both? How to obtain suitable images for automated plant identification. Plant Methods (2019) 15:77. doi:10.1186/s13007-019-0462-4

News and activities

November 13th 2019
Markus Reichstein at International Dialogue Platform on Anticipatory Humanitarian Action organized by German Red Cross
Session Modelling for Impact-based forecasting

November 1st 2019
New BGI member Wantong Li starting today


October 30th 2019
Jürgen Knauer successfully defended his PhD

October 29th 2019
BIOMASCAT project meeting at BGI
Further information via Nuno Carvalhais!

October 24th-25th 2019
Georg Wohlfahrt and Karolina Sakowska from the Biomet Lab are visiting BAIE

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