Max Planck Gesellschaft

Overview

How do ecosystems respond to changing weather patterns, rising temperatures and increasing carbon dioxide concentrations? Is the effect of precipitation more important than that of temperature? Or are ecosystem dynamics more strongly affected by nutrient availability? What is the role of extreme events in shaping biogeochemical cycles? To find out the answers we need to understand the interactions among three complex systems: climate, vegetation, and soil. Thus, we combine experiments and in-situ long-term observation with Earth observations gathered by aircraft and satellites across a range of spatial scales, and embrace data-driven machine learning and theory-driven mechanistic modelling. With our research, we try to understand how the terrestrial biosphere reacts to and exerts feedbacks on ongoing environmental change and variation in atmospheric conditions.

Latest key papers

El-Madany, T. S., Carrara, A., Martín, M. P., Moreno, G., Kolle, O., Pacheco-Labrador, J., Weber, U., Wutzler, T., Reichstein, M., Migliavacca, M. (2020). Drought and heatwave impacts on semi-arid ecosystems' carbon fluxes along a precipitation gradient. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, Series B: Biological Sciences, 375(1810): 20190519. doi:10.1098/rstb.2019.0519.



Bastos, A., Fu, Z., Ciais, P., Friedlingstein, P., Sitch, S., Pongratz, J., Weber, U., Reichstein, M., Anthoni, P., Arneth, A., Haverd, V., Jain, A., Joetzjer, E., Knauer, J., Lienert, S., Loughran, T., McGuire, P. C., Obermeier, W., Padrón, R. S., Shi, H., Tian, H., Viovy, N., Zaehle, S. (2020). Impacts of extreme summers on European ecosystems: a comparative analysis of 2003, 2010 and 2018. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, Series B: Biological Sciences, 375(1810): 20190507. doi:10.1098/rstb.2019.0507.
Liu, J., Ma, X., Duan, Z., Jiang, J., Reichstein, M., Jung, M. (2020). Impact of temporal precipitation variability on ecosystem productivity. Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews Water, e1481. Retrieved from https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1002/wat2.1481.
O, S., Hou, X., Orth, R. (2020). Observational evidence of wildfire-promoting soil moisture anomalies. Scientific Reports, 10(1): 11008. doi:10.1038/s41598-020-67530-4.
Tramontana, G., Migliavacca, M., Jung, M., Reichstein, M., Keenan, T. F., Camps-Valls, G., Ogee, J., Verrelst, J., Papale, D. (2020). Partitioning net carbon dioxide fluxes into photosynthesis and respiration using neural networks. Global Change Biology, 26(9), 5235-5253. doi:10.1111/gcb.15203.

News and activities

September 28st 2020
Talk by René Orth about Climate Change
Evangelische Kirchengemeinde Bad Sulza, 19 hrs


September 14st 2020'''
Markus Reichstein at the Landeswissenschaftskonferenz
Augustinerkloster zu Erfurt


September 7st 2020
ICOS Drought special issue published Impacts of the 2018 severe drought and heatwave in Europe: from site to continental scale with contributions by many BGI members
Link


September 1st 2020
Ulisse Gomarasca, Hoontaek Lee, Albrecht Schall, Ladislav Sigut, Alexander Winkler, Weijie Zhang starting this week at BGI
Welcome


August 18th 2020
Markus Reichstein contributing to WPN2030 Impulspapier "Nachhaltig aus der Corona-Krise"

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