Max Planck Gesellschaft

Publications of Sönke Zaehle since 2009:

1Rödenbeck, C., Zaehle, S., Keeling, R., Heimann, M. (2018). How does the terrestrial carbon exchange respond to inter-annual climatic variations? A quantification based on atmospheric CO2 data. Biogeosciences, 15(8), 2481-2498. doi:10.5194/bg-15-2481-2018.
2Tian, H., Yang, J., Lu, C., Xu, R., Canadell, J. G., Jackson, R., Arneth, A., Chang, J., Chen, G., Ciais, P., Gerber, S., Ito, A., Huang, Y., Joos, F., Lienert, S., Messina, P., Olin, S., Pan, S., Peng, C., Saikawa, E., Thompson, R. L., Vuichard, N., Winiwarter, W., Zaehle, S., Zhang, B., Zhang, K., Zhu, Q. (2018). The global N2O model intercomparison project. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 1231-1251. doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-17-0212.1.
3Castro-Morales, K., Kleinen, T., Kaiser, S., Zaehle, S., Kittler, F., Kwon, M. J., Beer, C., Göckede, M. (2018). Year-round simulated methane emissions from a permafrost ecosystem in Northeast Siberia. Biogeosciences, 15(9), 2691-2722. doi:10.5194/bg-15-2691-2018.
4Kondo, M., Ichii, K., Patra, P. K., Poulter, B., Calle, L., Koven, C., Pugh, T. A. M., Kato, E., Harper, A., Zaehle, S., Wiltshire, A. (2018). Plant regrowth as a driver of recent enhancement of terrestrial CO2 uptake. Geophysical Research Letters, 45(10), 4820-4830. doi:10.1029/2018GL077633.
5Le Quéré, C., Andrew, R. M., Friedlingstein, P., Sitch, S., Pongratz, J., Manning, A. C., Korsbakken, J. I., Peters, G. P., Canadell, J. G., Jackson, R. B., Boden, T. A., Tans, P. P., Andrews, O. D., Arora, V. K., Bakker, D. C. E., Barbero, L., Becker, M., Betts, R. A., Bopp, L., Chevallier, F., Chini, L. P., Ciais, P., Cosca, C. E., Cross, J., Currie, K., Gasser, T., Harris, I., Hauck, J., Haverd, V., Houghton, R. A., Hunt, C. W., Hurtt, G., Ilyina, T., Jain, A. K., Kato, E., Kautz, M., Keeling, R. F., Goldewijk, K. K., Körtzinger, A., Landschützer, P., Lefèvre, N., Lenton, A., Lienert, S., Lima, I., Lombardozzi, D., Metzl, N., Millero, F., Monteiro, P. M. S., Munro, D. R., Nabel, J. E. M. S., Nakaoka, S.-i., Nojiri, Y., Padín, X. A., Peregon, A., Pfeil, B., Pierrot, D., Poulter, B., Rehder, G., Reimer, J., Rödenbeck, C., Schwinger, J., Séférian, R., Skjelvan, I., Stocker, B. D., Tian, H., Tilbrook, B., van der Laan-Luijkx, I. T., van der Werf, G. R., van Heuven, S., Viovy, N., Vuichard, N., Walker, A. P., Watson, A. J., Wiltshire, A. J., Zaehle, S., Zhu, D. (2018). Global Carbon Budget 2017. Earth System Science Data, 10(1), 405-448. doi:10.5194/essd-10-405-2018.
6Knauer, J., Zaehle, S., Medlyn, B. E., Reichstein, M., Williams, C. A., Migliavacca, M., Kauwe, M. G. D., Werner, C., Keitel, C., Kolari, P., Limousin, J.-M., Linderson, M.-L. (2018). Towards physiologically meaningful water-use efficiency estimates from eddy covariance data. Global Change Biology, 24(2), 694-710. doi:10.1111/gcb.13893.
7Hartmann, H., Adams, H. D., Hammond, W. M., Hoch, G., Landhäusser, S. M., Wiley, E., Zaehle, S. (2018). Identifying differences in carbohydrate dynamics of seedlings and mature trees to improve carbon allocation in models for trees and forests. Environmental and Experimental Botany, 152, 7-18. doi:10.1016/j.envexpbot.2018.03.011.
8Migliavacca, M., Pérez-Priego, O., Rossini, M., El-Madany, T. S., Moreno, G., van der Tol, C., Rascher, U., Berninger, A., Bessenbacher, V., Burkart, A., Carrara, A., Fava, F., Guan, J.-H., Hammer, T. W., Henkel, K., Juarez-Alcalde, E., Julitta, T., Kolle, O., Martin, M. P., Musavi, T., Pacheco-Labrador, J., Perez-Burgueno, A., Wutzler, T., Zaehle, S., Reichstein, M. (2017). Plant functional traits and canopy structure control the relationship between photosynthetic CO2 uptake and far-red sun-induced fluorescence in a Mediterranean grassland under different nutrient availability. New Phytologist, 214(3), 1078-1091. doi:10.1111/nph.14437.
9Arneth, A., Sitch, S., Pongratz, J., Stocker, B. D., Ciais, P., Poulter, B., Bayer, A. D., Bondeau, A., Calle, L., Chini, L. P., Gasser, T., Fader, M., Friedlingstein, P., Kato, E., Li, W., Lindeskog, M., Nabel, J. E. M. S., Pugh, T. A. M., Robertson, E., Viovy, N., Yue, C., Zaehle, S. (2017). Historical carbon dioxide emissions caused by land-use changes are possibly larger than assumed. Nature Geoscience, 10(2), 79-84. doi:10.1038/ngeo2882.
10Li, W., Ciais, P., Peng, S., Yue, C., Wang, Y., Thurner, M., Saatchi, S. S., Arneth, A., Avitabile, V., Carvalhais, N., Harper, A. B., Kato, E., Koven, C., Liu, Y. Y., Nabel, J. E., Pan, Y., Pongratz, J., Poulter, B., Pugh, T. A. M., Santoro, M., Sitch, S., Stocker, B. D., Viovy, N., Wiltshire, A., Yousefpour, R., Zaehle, S. (2017). Land-use and land-cover change carbon emissions between 1901 and 2012 constrained by biomass observations. Biogeosciences, 14(22), 5053-5067. doi:10.5194/bg-14-5053-2017.
11Knauer, J., Zaehle, S., Reichstein, M., Medlyn, B. E., Forkel, M., Hagemann, S., Werner, C. (2017). The response of ecosystem water-use efficiency to rising atmospheric CO2 concentrations: sensitivity and large-scale biogeochemical implications. New Phytologist, 213(4), 1654-1666. doi:10.1111/nph.14288.
12Ryan, E. M., Ogle, K., Peltier, D., Walker, A. P., Kauwe, M. G. D., Medlyn, B. E., Williams, D. G., Parton, W., Asao, S., Guenet, B., Harper, A. B., Lu, X., Luus, K., Zaehle, S., Shu, S., Werner, C., Xia, J., Pendall, E. (2017). Gross primary production responses to warming, elevated CO2, and irrigation: quantifying the drivers of ecosystem physiology in a semiarid grassland. Global Change Biology, 23(8), 3092-3106. doi:10.1111/gcb.13602.
13Kauwe, M. G. D., Medlyn, B. E., Walker, A. P., Zaehle, S., Asao, S., Guenet, B., Harper, A. B., Hickler, T., Jain, A., Luo, Y., Lu, X., Luus, K., Parton, W. J., Shu, S., Wang, Y.-P., Werner, C., Xia, J., Pendall, E., Morgan, J. A., Ryan, E. M., Carrillo, Y., Dijkstra, F. A., Zelikova, T. J., Norby, R. J. (2017). Challenging terrestrial biosphere models with data from the long-term multifactor Prairie Heating and CO2 Enrichment experiment. Global Change Biology, 23(9), 3623-3645. doi:10.1111/gcb.13643.
14Wutzler, T., Zaehle, S., Schrumpf, M., Ahrens, B., Reichstein, M. (2017). Adaptation of microbial resource allocation affects modelled long term soil organic matter and nutrient cycling. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 115, 322-336. doi:10.1016/j.soilbio.2017.08.031.
15Goll, D. S., Vuichard, N., Maignan, F., Jornet-Puig, A., Sardans, J., Violette, A., Peng, S., Sun, Y., Kvakic, M., Guimberteau, M., Guenet, B., Zaehle, S., Peñuelas, J., Janssens, I., Ciais, P. (2017). A representation of the phosphorus cycle for ORCHIDEE (revision 4520). Geoscientific Model Development, 10(10), 3745-3770. doi:10.5194/gmd-10-3745-2017.
16Thum, T., Zaehle, S., Köhler, P., Aalto, T., Aurela, M., Guanter, L., Kolari, P., Laurila, T., Lohila, A., Magnani, F., Tol, C. V. D., Markkanen, T. (2017). Modelling sun-induced fluorescence and photosynthesis with a land surface model at local and regional scales in northern Europe. Biogeosciences, 14(7), 1969-1987. doi:10.5194/bg-14-1969-2017.
17Norby, R. J., De Kauwe, M. G., Walker, A. P., Werner, C., Zaehle, S., Zak, D. R. (2017). Comment on “Mycorrhizal association as a primary control of the CO2 fertilization effect" (technical comment). Science, 355(6323): 358b. doi:10.1126/science.aai7976.
18Jung, M., Reichstein, M., Schwalm, C. R., Huntingford, C., Sitch, S., Ahlström, A., Arneth, A., Camps-Valls, G., Ciais, P., Friedlingstein, P., Gans, F., Ichii, K., Jain, A. K., Kato, E., Papale, D., Poulter, B., Raduly, B., Rödenbeck, C., Tramontana, G., Viovy, N., Wang, Y.-P., Weber, U., Zaehle, S., Zeng, N. (2017). Compensatory water effects link yearly global land CO2 sink changes to temperature. Nature, 541(7638), 516-520. doi:10.1038/nature20780.
19Rogers, A., Medlyn, B. E., Dukes, J. S., Bonan, G., von Caemmerer, S., Dietze, M. C., Kattge, J., Leakey, A. D. B., Mercado, L. M., Niinemets, Ü., Prentice, I. C., Serbin, S. P., Sitch, S., Way, D. A., Zaehle, S. (2017). A roadmap for improving the representation of photosynthesis in Earth system models. New Phytologist, 213(1), 22-42. doi:10.1111/nph.14283.
20Franz, M., Simpson, D., Arneth, A., Zaehle, S. (2017). Development and evaluation of an ozone deposition scheme for coupling to a terrestrial biosphere model. Biogeosciences, 14(1), 45-71. doi:10.5194/bg-14-45-2017.
21Calle, L., Canadell, J. G., Patra, P., Ciais, P., Ichii, K., Tian, H., Kondo, M., Piao, S., Arneth, A., Harper, A. B., Ito, A., Kato, E., Koven, C., Sitch, S., Stocker, B. D., Vivoy, N., Wiltshire, A., Zaehle, S., Poulter, B. (2016). Regional carbon fluxes from land use and land cover change in Asia, 1980-2009. Environmental Research Letters, 11(7): 074011. doi:10.1088/1748-9326/11/7/074011.
22Meyerholt, J., Zaehle, S., Smith, M. J. (2016). Variability of projected terrestrial biosphere responses to elevated levels of atmospheric CO2 due to uncertainty in biological nitrogen fixation. Biogeosciences, 13(5), 1491-1518. doi:10.5194/bg-13-1491-2016.
23Schürmann, G., Kaminski, T., Köstler, C., Carvalhais, N., Voßbeck, M., Kattge, J., Giering, R., Rödenbeck, C., Heimann, M., Zaehle, S. (2016). Constraining a land-surface model with multiple observations by application of the MPI-Carbon Cycle Data Assimilation System V1.0. Geoscientific Model Development, 9(9), 2999-3026. doi:10.5194/gmd-9-2999-2016.
24Brovkin, V., Brücher, T., Kleinen, T., Zaehle, S., Joos, F., Roth, R., Spahni, R., Schmitt, J., Fischer, H., Leuenberger, M., Stone, E. J., Ridgwell, A., Chappellaz, J., Kehrwald, N., Barbante, C., Blunier, T., Jensen, D. D. (2016). Comparative carbon cycle dynamics of the present and last interglacial. Quaternary Science Reviews, 137, 15-32. doi:10.1016/j.quascirev.2016.01.028.
25Le Quéré, C., Andrew, R. M., Canadell, J. G., Sitch, S., Korsbakken, J. I., Peters, G. P., Manning, A. C., Boden, T. A., Tans, P. P., Houghton, R. A., Keeling, R. F., Alin, S., Andrews, O. D., Anthoni, P., Barbero, L., Bopp, L., Chevallier, F., Chini, L. P., Ciais, P., Currie, K., Delire, C., Doney, S. C., Friedlingstein, P., Gkritzalis, T., Harris, I., Hauck, J., Haverd, V., Hoppema, M., Goldewijk, K. K., Jain, A. K., Kato, E., Körtzinger, A., Landschützer, P., Lefèvre, N., Lenton, A., Lienert, S., Lombardozzi, D., Melton, J. R., Metzl, N., Millero, F., Monteiro, P. M. S., Munro, D. R., Nabel, J. E. M. S., Nakaoka, S.-i., O'Brien, K., Olsen, A., Omar, A. M., Ono, T., Pierrot, D., Poulter, B., Rödenbeck, C., Salisbury, J., Schuster, U., Schwinger, J., Séférian, R., Skjelvan, I., Stocker, B. D., Sutton, A. J., Takahashi, T., Tian, H., Tilbrook, B., van der Laan-Luijkx, I. T., van der Werf, G. R., Viovy, N., Walker, A. P., Wiltshire, A. J., Zaehle, S. (2016). Global Carbon Budget 2016. Earth System Science Data, 8(2), 605-649. doi:10.5194/essd-8-605-2016.
26Zhu, Z., Piao, S., Myneni, R. B., Huang, M., Zeng, Z., Canadell, J. G., Ciais, P., Sitch, S., Friedlingstein, P., Arneth, A., Cao, C., Cheng, L., Kato, E., Koven, C., Li, Y., Lian, X., Liu, Y., Liu, R., Mao, J., Pan, Y., Peng, S., Peñuelas, J., Poulter, B., Pugh, T. A. M., Stocker, B. D., Viovy, N., Wang, X., Wang, Y., Xiao, Z., Yang, H., Zaehle, S., Zeng, N. (2016). Greening of the Earth and its drivers. Nature Climate Change, 6(8), 791-795. doi:10.1038/nclimate3004.
27Jones, C. D., Arora, V., Friedlingstein, P., Bopp, L., Brovkin, V., Dunne, J., Graven, H., Hoffman, F., Ilyina, T., John, J. G., Jung, M., Kawamiya, M., Koven, C., Pongratz, J., Raddatz, T., Randerson, J., Zaehle, S. (2016). C4MIP – The Coupled Climate–Carbon Cycle Model Intercomparison project: experimental protocol for CMIP6. Geoscientific Model Development, 9(8), 2853-2880. doi:10.5194/gmd-9-2853-2016.
28Niu, S., Classen, A. T., Dukes, J. S., Kardol, P., Liu, L., Luo, Y., Rustad, L., Sun, J., Tang, J., Templer, P. H., Thomas, R. Q., Tian, D., Vicca, S., Wang, Y.-P., Xia, J., Zaehle, S. (2016). Global patterns and substrate-based mechanisms of the terrestrial nitrogen cycle. Ecology Letters, 19(6), 697-709. doi:10.1111/ele.12591.
29Medlyn, B. E., De Kauwe, M. G., Zaehle, S., Walker, A. P., Duursma, R. A., Luus, K., Mishurov, M., Pak, B., Smith, B., Wang, Y. P., Yang, X., Crous, K. Y., Drake, J. E., Gimeno, T. E., Macdonald, C. A., Norby, R. J., Power, S. A., Tjoelker, M. G., Ellsworth, D. S. (2016). Using models to guide field experiments: a priori predictions for the CO2 response of a nutrient- and water-limited native Eucalypt woodland. Global Change Biology, 22(8), 2834-2851. doi:10.1111/gcb.13268.
30Murray-Tortarolo, G., Friedlingstein, P., Sitch, S., Seneviratne, S. I., Fletcher, I., Mueller, B., Greve, P., Anav, A., Liu, Y., Ahlström, A., Huntingford, C., Levis, S., Levy, P., Lomas, M., Poulter, B., Viovy, N., Zaehle, S., Zeng, N. (2016). The dry season intensity as a key driver of NPP trends. Geophysical Research Letters, 43(6), 2632-2639. doi:10.1002/2016GL068240.
31Stocker, B. D., Prentice, I. C., Cornell, S. E., Davies-Barnard, T., Finzi, A. C., Franklin, O., Janssens, I., Larmola, T., Manzoni, S., Näsholm, T., Raven, J. A., Rebel, K. T., Reed, S., Vicca, S., Wiltshire, A., Zaehle, S. (2016). Terrestrial nitrogen cycling in Earth system models revisited. New Phytologist, 210(4), 1165-1168. doi:10.1111/nph.13997.
32Murray-Tortarolo, G., Friedlingstein, P., Sitch, S., Jaramillo, V. J., Murguía-Flores, F., Anav, A., Liu, Y., Arneth, A., Arvanitis, A., Harper, A., Jain, A., Kato, E., Koven, C., Poulter, B., Stocker, B. D., Wiltshire, A., Zaehle, S., Zeng, N. (2016). The carbon cycle in Mexico: past, present and future of C stocks and fluxes. Biogeosciences, 13(1), 223-238. doi:10.5194/bg-13-223-2016.
33Forkel, M., Carvalhais, N., Rödenbeck, C., Keeling, R., Heimann, M., Thonicke, K., Zaehle, S., Reichstein, M. (2016). Enhanced seasonal CO2 exchange caused by amplified plant productivity in northern ecosystems. Science, 351(6274), 696-699. doi:10.1126/science.aac4971.
34Zhao, F., Zeng, N., Asrar, G., Friedlingstein, P., Ito, A., Jain, A., Kalnay, E., Kato, E., Koven, C. D., Poulter, B., Rafique, R., Sitch, S., Shu, S., Stocker, B., Viovy, N., Wiltshire, A., Zaehle, S. (2016). Role of CO2, climate and land use in regulating the seasonal amplitude increase of carbon fluxes in terrestrial ecosystems: a multimodel analysis. Biogeosciences, 13(17), 5121-5137. doi:10.5194/bg-13-5121-2016.
35Norby, R. J., Kauwe, M. G. D., Domingues, T. F., Duursma, R. A., Ellsworth, D. S., Goll, D. S., Lapola, D. M., Luus, K., MacKenzie, A. R., Medlyn, B. E., Pavlick, R., Rammig, A., Smith, B., Thomas, R., Thonicke, K., Walker, A. P., Yang, X., Zaehle, S. (2016). Model–data synthesis for the next generation of forest free-air CO2 enrichment (FACE) experiments. New Phytologist, 209(1), 17-28. doi:10.1111/nph.13593.
36Baig, S., Medlyn, B. E.., Mercado, L. M., Zaehle, S. (2015). Does the growth response of woody plants to elevated CO2 increase with temperature? A model-oriented meta-analysis. Global Change Biology, 21(12), 4303-4319. doi:10.1111/gcb.12962.
37Knauer, J., Werner, C., Zaehle, S. (2015). Evaluating stomatal models and their atmospheric drought response in a land surface scheme: A multibiome analysis. Journal of Geophysical Research-Biogeosciences, 120(10), 1894-1911. doi:10.1002/2015JG003114.
38Zaehle, S., Jones, C. D., Houlton, B., Lamarque, J.-F., Robertson, E. (2015). Nitrogen availability reduces CMIP5 projections of twenty-first-century land carbon uptake. Journal of Climate, 28(6), 2494-2511. doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-13-00776.1.
39Medlyn, B. E., Zaehle, S., Kauwe, M. G. D., Walker, A. P., Dietze, M. C., Hanson, P. J., Hickler, T., Jain, A. K., Luo, Y., Parton, W., Prentice, I. C., Thornton, P. E., Wang, S., Wang, Y.-P., Weng, E., Iversen, C. M., McCarthy, H. R., Warren, J. M., Oren, R., Norby, R. J. (2015). Using ecosystem experiments to improve vegetation models. Nature Climate Change, 5(6), 528-534. doi:10.1038/nclimate2621.
40Dalmonech, D., Zaehle, S., Schürmann, G., Brovkin, V., Reick, C., Schnur, R. (2015). Separation of the effects of land and climate model errors on simulated contemporary land carbon cycle trends in the MPI Earth system model VI. Journal of Climate, 28(1), 272-291. doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-13-00593.1.
41Le Quéré, C., Moriarty, R., Andrew, R. M., Canadell, J. G., Sitch, S., Korsbakken, J. I., Friedlingstein, P., Peters, G. P., Andres, R. J., Boden, T. A., Houghton, R. A., House, J. I., Keeling, R. F., Tans, P., Arneth, A., Bakker, D. C. E., Barbero, L., Bopp, L., Chang, J., Chevallier, F., Chini, L. P., Ciais, P., Fader, M., Feely, R., Gkritzalis, T., Harris, I., Hauck, J., Ilyina, T., Jain, A. K., Kato, E., Kitidis, V., Klein Goldewijk, K., Koven, C., Landschützer, P., Lauvset, S. K., Lefèvre, N., Lenton, A., Lima, I. D., Metzl, N., Millero, F., Munro, D. R., Murata, A., Nabel, J., Nakaoka, S., Nojiri, Y., O'Brien, K., Olsen, A., Ono, T., Pérez, F. F., Pfeil, B., Pierrot, D., Poulter, B., Rehder, G., Rödenbeck, C., Saito, S., Schuster, U., Schwinger, J., Séférian, R., Steinhoff, T., Stocker, B. D., Sutton, A. J., Takahashi, T., Tilbrook, B., van der Laan-Luijkx, I. T., van der Werf, G. R., van Heuven, S., Vandemark, D., Viovy, N., Wiltshire, A., Zaehle, S., Zeng, N. (2015). Global Carbon Budget 2015. Earth System Science Data, 7(2), 349-396. doi:10.5194/essd-7-349-2015.
42Walker, A. P., Zaehle, S., Medlyn, B. E., Kauwe, M. G. D., Asao, S., Hickler, T., Parton, W., Ricciuto, D. M., Wang, Y.-P., Wårlind, D., Norby, R. J. (2015). Predicting long-term carbon sequestration in response to CO2 enrichment: How and why do current ecosystem models differ? Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 29(4), 476-495. doi:10.1002/2014GB004995.
43Peng, S., Ciais, P., Chevallier, F., Peylin, P., Cadule, P., Sitch, S., Piao, S., Ahlstroem, A., Huntingford, C., Levy, P., Li, X., Liu, Y., Lomas, M., Poulter, B., Viovy, N., Wang, T., Wang, X., Zaehle, S., Zeng, N., Zhao, F., Zhao, H. (2015). Benchmarking the seasonal cycle of CO2 fluxes simulated by terrestrial ecosystem models. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 29(1), 46-64. doi:10.1002/2014GB004931.
44Meyerholt, J., Zaehle, S. (2015). The role of stoichiometric flexibility in modelling forest ecosystem responses to nitrogen fertilisation. New Phytologist, 208(4), 1042-1055. doi:10.1111/nph.13547.
45Olin, S., Lindeskog, M., Pugh, T. A. M., Schurgers, G., Wårlind, D., Mishurov, M., Zaehle, S., Stocker, B. D., Smith, B., Arneth, A. (2015). Soil carbon management in large-scale Earth system modelling: implications for crop yields and nitrogen leaching. Earth System Dynamics, 6(2), 745-768. doi:10.5194/esd-6-745-2015.
46Ahlström, A., Raupach, M. R., Schurgers, G., Smith, B., Arneth, A., Jung, M., Reichstein, M., Canadell, J. G., Friedlingstein, P., Jain, A. K., Kato, E., Poulter, B., Sitch, S., Stocker, B. D., Viovy, N., Wang, Y. P., Wiltshire, A., Zaehle, S., Zeng, N. (2015). The dominant role of semi-arid ecosystems in the trend and variability of the land CO2 sink. Science, 348(6237), 895-899. doi:10.1126/science.aaa1668.
47Fowler, D., Steadman, C. E., Stevenson, D., Coyle, M., Rees, R. M., Skiba, U. M., Sutton, M. A., Cape, J. N., Dore, A. J., Vieno, M., Simpson, D., Zaehle, S., Stocker, B. D., Rinaldi, M., Facchini, M. C., Flechard, C. R., Nemitz, E., Twigg, M., Erisman, J. W., Galloway, J. N. (2015). Effects of global change during the 21st century on the nitrogen cycle. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 15(24), 13849-13893. doi:10.5194/acp-15-13849-2015.
48Sitch, S., Friedlingstein, P., Gruber, N., Jones, S. D., Murray-Tortarolo, G., Ahlström, A., Doney, S. C., Graven, H., Heinze, C., Huntingford, C., Levis, S., Levy, P. E., Lomas, M., Poulter, B., Viovy, N., Zaehle, S., Zeng, N., Arneth, A., Bonan, G., Bopp, L., Canadell, J. G., Chevallier, F., Ciais, P., Ellis, R., Gloor, M., Peylin, P., Piao, S., Le Quéré, C., Smith, B., Zhu, Z., Myneni, R. (2015). Recent trends and drivers of regional sources and sinks of carbon dioxide. Biogeosciences, 12(3), 653-679. doi:10.5194/bg-12-653-2015.
49Osborne, J. M., Lambert, F. H., Groenendijk, M., Harper, A. B., Koven, C. D., Poulter, B., Pugh, T. A. M., Sitch, S., Stocker, B. D., Wiltshire, A., Zaehle, S. (2015). Reconciling precipitation with runoff: Observed hydrological change in the midlatitudes. Journal of Hydrometeorology, 16(6), 2403-2420. doi:10.1175/JHM-D-15-0055.1.
50Yang, H., Piao, S., Zeng, Z., Ciais, P., Yin, Y., Friedlingstein, P., Sitch, S., Ahlström, A., Guimberteau, M., Huntingford, C., Levis, S., Levy, P. E., Huang, M., Li, Y., Li, X., Lomas, M. R., Peylin, P., Poulter, B., Viovy, N., Zaehle, S., Zeng, N., Zhao, F., Wang, L. (2015). Multicriteria evaluation of discharge simulation in Dynamic Global Vegetation Models. Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres, 120, 1-18. doi:10.1002/2015JD023129.
51Zscheischler, J., Mahecha, M. D., von Buttlar, J., Harmeling, S., Jung, M., Rammig, A., Randerson, T. J., Schölkopf, B., Seneviratne, I. S., Tomelleri, E., Zaehle, S., Reichstein, M. (2014). A few extreme events dominate global interannual variability in gross primary production. Environmental Research Letters, 9(3): 035001. doi:10.1088/1748-9326/9/3/035001.
52Zaehle, S., Medlyn, B. E., De Kauwe, M. G., Walker, A. P., Dietze, M. C., Hickler, T., Luo, Y., Wang, Y.-P., El-Masri, B., Thornton, P., Jain, A., Wang, S., Warlind, D., Weng, E., Parton, W., Iversen, C. M., Gallet-Budynek, A., McCarthy, H., Finzi, A., Hanson, P. J., Prentice, I. C., Oren, R., Norby, R. J. (2014). Evaluation of 11 terrestrial carbon-nitrogen cycle models? against observations from two temperate Free-Air CO2 Enrichment Studies. New Phytologist, 202(3), 803-822. doi:10.1111/nph.12697.
53Piao, S., Nan, H., Huntingford, C., Ciais, P., Friedlingstein, P., Sitch, S., Peng, S., Ahlström, A., Canadell, J. G., Cong, N., Levis, S., Levy, P. E., Liu, L., Lomas, M. R., Mao, J., Myneni, R. B., Peylin, P., Poulter, B., Shi, X., Yin, G., Viovy, N., Wang, T., Wang, X., Zaehle, S., Zeng, N., Chen, Z. Z. A. (2014). Evidence for a weakening relationship between interannual temperature variability and northern vegetation activity. Nature Communications, 5: 5018. doi:10.1038/ncomms6018.
54Reu, B., Zaehle, S., Bohn, K., Pavlick, R., Schmidtlein, S., Williams, J. W., Kleidon, A. (2014). Future no-analogue vegetation produced by no-analogue combinations of temperature and insolation. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 23(2), 156-167. doi:10.1111/geb.12110.
55Le Quéré, C., Peters, G. P., Andres, R. J., Andrew, R. M., Boden, T., Ciais, P., Friedlingstein, P., Houghton, R. A., Marland, G., Moriarty, R., Sitch, S., Tans, P., Arneth, A., Arvanitis, A., Bakker, D. C. E., Bopp, L., Canadell, J. G., Chini, L. P., Doney, S. C., Harper, A., Harris, I., House, J. I., Jain, A. K., Jones, S. D., Kato, E., Keeling, R. F., Goldewijk, K. K., Körtzinger, A., Koven, C., Lefèvre, N., Omar, A., Ono, T., Park, G.-H., Pfeil, B., Poulter, B., Raupach, M. R., Regnier, P., Rödenbeck, C., Saito, S., Schwinger, J., Segschneider, J., Stocker, B. D., Tilbrook, B., van Heuven, S., Viovy, N., Wanninkhof, R., Wiltshire, A., Zaehle, S., Yue, C. (2014). Global carbon budget 2013. Earth System Science Data, 6(1), 235-263. doi:10.5194/essd-6-235-2014.
56Walker, A. P., Hanson, P. J., Kauwe, M. G. D., Medlyn, B. E., Zaehle, S., Asao, S., Dietze, M., Hickler, T., Huntingford, C., Iversen, C. M., Jain, A., Lomas, M., Luo, Y., McCarthy, H., Parton, W. J., Prentice, I. C., Thornton, P. E., Wang, S., Wang, Y.-P., Warlind, D., Weng, E., Warren, J. M., Woodward, F. I., Oren, R., Norby, R. J. (2014). Comprehensive ecosystem model-data synthesis using multiple data sets at two temperate forest free-air CO2 enrichment experiments: Model performance at ambient CO2 concentration. Journal of Geophysical Research-Biogeosciences, 119(5), 937-964. doi:10.1002/2013JG002553.
57Smith, B., Warlind, D., Arneth, A., Hickler, T., Leadley, P., Siltberg, J., Zaehle, S. (2014). Implications of incorporating N cycling and N limitations on primary production in an individual-based dynamic vegetation model. Biogeosciences, 11, 2027-2054. doi:10.5194/bg-11-2027-2014.
58De Kauwe, M. G., Medlyn, B. E., Zaehle, S., Walker, A. P., Dietze, M. C., Wang, Y.-P., Luo, Y., Jain, A. K., El-Masri, B., Hickler, T., Warlind, D., Weng, E., Parton, W. J., Thornton, P. E., Wang, S., Prentice, I. C., Asao, S., Smith, B., McCarthy, H. R., Iversen, C. M., Hanson, P. J., Warren, J. M., Oren, R., Norby, R. J. (2014). Where does the carbon go? A model–data intercomparison of vegetation carbon allocation and turnover processes at two temperate forest free-air CO2 enrichment sites. New Phytologist, 203(3), 883-899. doi:10.1111/nph.12847.
59Ciais, P., Sabine, C., Bala, G., Bopp, L., Brovkin, V., Canadell, J., Chhabra, A., DeFries, R., Galloway, J., Heimann, M., Jones, C., Le Quéré, C., Mynen, R. B., Piao, S., Thornton, P., Ahlström, A., Anav, A., Andrews, O., Archer, D., Arora, V., Bonan, G., Borges, A. V., Bousquet, P., Bouwman, L., Bruhwiler, L. M., Caldeira, K., Cao, L., Chappellaz, J., Chevallier, F., Cleveland, C., Cox, P., Dentener, F. J., Doney, S. C., Erisman, J. W., Euskirchen, E. S., Friedlingstein, P., Gruber, N., Gurney, K., Holland, E. A., Hopwood, B., Houghton, R. A., House, J. I., Houweling, S., Hunter, S., Hurtt, G., Jacobson, A. D., Jain, A., Joos, F., Jungclaus, J., Kaplan, J. O., Kato, E., Keeling, R., Khatiwala, S., Kirschke, S., Goldewijk, K. K., Kloster, S., Koven, C., Kroeze, C., Lamarque, J.-F., Lassey, K., Law, R. M., Lenton, A., Lomas, M. R., Luo, Y., Maki, T., Marland, G., Matthews, H. D., Mayorga, E., Melton, J. R., Metzl, N., Munhoven, G., Niwa), Y., Norby, R. J., O’Connor, F., Orr, J., Park, G.-H., Patra, P., Peregon, A., Peters, W., Peylin, P., Piper, S., Pongratz, J., Poulter, B., Raymond, P. A., Rayner, P., Ridgwell, A., Ringeval, B., Rödenbeck, C., Saunois, M., Schmittner, A., Schuur, E., Sitch, S., Spahni, R., Stocker, B., Takahashi, T., Thompson, R. L., Tjiputra, J., van der Werf, G., van Vuuren, D., Voulgarakis, A., Wania, R., Zaehle, S., Zeng, N. (2013). Carbon and other biogeochemical cycles. In T. F. Stocker, D. Qin (Eds.), Climate Change 2013, The Physical Science Basis, WG I, Contribution to the fifth assessment report of the IPCC (pp. 465-570). New York, USA: Cambridge University Press.
60Foley, A. M., Dalmonech, D., Friend, A. D., Aires, F., Archibald, A. T., Bartlein, P., Bopp, L., Chappellaz, J., Cox, P., Edwards, N. R., Feulner, G., Friedlingstein, P., Harrison, S. P., Hopcroft, P. O., Jones, C. D., Kolassa, J., Levine, J. G., Prentice, I. C., Pyle, J., Riveiros, N. V., Wolff, E. W., Zaehle, S. (2013). Evaluation of biospheric components in Earth system models using modern and palaeo-observations: the state-of-the-art. Biogeosciences, 10, 8305-8328. doi:10.5194/bg-10-8305-2013.
61Murray-Tortarolo, G., Anav, A., Friedlingstein, P., Sitch, S., Piao, S., Zhu, Z., Poulter, B., Zaehle, S., Ahlstrom, A., Lomas, M., Levis, S., Viovy, N., Zeng, N. (2013). Evaluation of DGVMs in reproducing satellite derived LAI over the Northern Hemisphere. Part I: Uncoupled DGVMs. Remote Sensing, 5(10), 4819-4838. doi:10.3390/rs5104819.
62Guenet, B., Moyano, F. E., Vuichard, N., Kirk, G. J. D., Bellamy, P. H., Zaehle, S., Ciais, P. (2013). Can we model observed soil carbon changes from a dense inventory? A case study over England and Wales using three versions of the ORCHIDEE ecosystem model (AR5, AR5-PRIM and O-CN). Geoscientific Model Development, 6, 2153-2163. doi:10.5194/gmd-6-2153-2013.
63Zaehle, S. (2013). Terrestrial nitrogen-carbon cycle interactions at the global scale. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences, 368(1621): 20130125. doi:10.1098/rstb.2013.0125.
64Piao, S., Sitch, S., Ciais, P., Friedlingstein, P., Peylin, P., Wang, X., Ahlström, A., Anav, A., Canadell, J. G., Cong, N., Huntingford, C., Jung, M., Levis, S., Levy, P. E., Li, J., Lin, X., Lomas, M. R., Lu, M., Luo, Y., Ma, Y., Myneni, R. B., Poulter, B., Sun, Z., Wang, T., Viovy, N., Zaehle, S., Zeng, N. (2013). Evaluation of terrestrial carbon cycle models for their response to climate variability and to CO2 trends. Global Change Biology, 19(7), 2117-2132. doi:10.1111/gcb.12187.
65De Kauwe, M. G., Medlyn, B. E., Zaehle, S., Walker, A. P., Dietze, M. C., Hickler, T., Jain, A. K., Luo, Y., Parton, W. J., Prentice, I. C., Smith, B., Thornton, P. E., Wang, S., Wang, Y.-P., Warlind, D., Weng, E., Crous, K. Y., Ellsworth, D. S., Hanson, P. J., Kim, H.-S., Warren, J. M., Oren, R., Norby, R. J. (2013). Forest water use and water use efficiency at elevated CO2: a model-data intercomparison at two contrasting temperate forest FACE sites. Global Change Biology, 19(6), 1759-1779. doi:10.1111/gcb.12164.
66Kaminski, T., Knorr, W., Schürmann, G., Scholze, M., Rayner, P. J., Zaehle, S., Blessing, S., Dorigo, W., Gayler, V., Giering, R., Gobron, N., Grant, J. P., Heimann, M., Hooker-Strout, A., Houweling, S., Kato, T., Kattge, J., Kelley, D., Kemp, S., Koffi, E. N., Koestler, C., Mathieu, P., Pinty, B., Reick, C. H., Rödenbeck, C., Schnur, R., Scipal, K., Sebald, C., Stacke, T., van Scheltinga, A. T., Vossbeck, M., Widmann, H., Ziehn, T. (2013). The BETHY/JSBACH Carbon Cycle Data Assimilation System: experiences and challenges. Journal of Geophysical Research-Biogeosciences, 118(4), 1414-1426. doi:10.1002/jgrg.20118.
67Guenet, B., Cadule, P., Zaehle, S., Piao, S. L., Peylin, P., Maignan, F., Ciais, P., Friedlingstein, P. (2013). Does the integration of the dynamic nitrogen cycle in a terrestrial biosphere model improve the long-term trend of the leaf area index? Climate Dynamics, 40, 2535-2548. doi:10.1007/s00382-012-1388-y.
68Thomas, R., Zaehle, S., Templer, P., Goodale, C. (2013). Global patterns of nitrogen limitation: confronting two global biogeochemical models with observations. Global Change Biology, 19(10), 2986-2998. doi:10.1111/gcb.12281.
69Stocker, B. D., Roth, R., Joos, F., Spahni, R., Steinacher, M., Zaehle, S., Bouwman, L., Iain, X.-R., Prentice, C. (2013). Multiple greenhouse-gas feedbacks from the land biosphere under future climate change scenarios. Nature Climate Change, 3(7), 666-672. doi:10.1038/nclimate1864.
70Le Quéré, C., Andres, R. J., Boden, T., Conway, T., Houghton, R., House, J. I., Marland, G., Peters, G., van der Werf, G., Ahlström, A., Andrew, R. M., Bopp, L., Canadell, J. G., Ciais, P., Doney, S. C., Enright, C., Friedlingstein, P., Huntingford, C., Jain, A. K., Jourdain, C., Kato, E., Keeling, R. F., Klein Goldewijk, K., Levis, S., Levy, P., Lomas, M., Poulter, B., Raupach, M. R., Schwinger, J., Sitch, S., Stocker, B. D., Viovy, N., Zaehle, S., Zeng, N. (2013). The global carbon budget 1959-2011. Earth System Science Data, 5, 165-185. doi:10.3334/CDIAC/GCP_V2013.
71Dalmonech, D., Zaehle, S. (2013). Towards a more objective evaluation of modelled land-carbon trends using atmospheric CO2 and satellite-based vegetation activity observations. Biogeosciences, 10, 4189-4210. doi:10.5194/bg-10-4189-2013.
72Piao, S. L., Ito, A., Li, S. G., Huang, Y., Ciais, P., Wang, X. H., Peng, S. S., Nan, H. J., Zhao, C., Ahlstrom, A., Andres, R. J., Chevallier, F., Fang, J. Y., Hartmann, J., Huntingford, C., Jeong, S., Levis, S., Levy, P. E., Li, J. S., Lomas, M. R., Mao, J. F., Mayorga, E., Mohammat, A., Muraoka, H., Peng, C. H., Peylin, P., Poulter, B., Shen, Z. H., Shi, X., Sitch, S., Tao, S., Tian, H. Q., Wu, X. P., Xu, M., Yu, G. R., Viovy, N., Zaehle, S., Zeng, N., Zhu, B. (2012). The carbon budget of terrestrial ecosystems in East Asia over the last two decades. Biogeosciences, 9, 3571-3586. doi:10.5194/bg-9-3571-2012.
73Gloor, M., Gatti, L., Brienen, R., Feldpausch, T. R., Phillips, O. L., Miller, J., Ometto, J. P., Rocha, H., Baker, T., de Jong, B., Houghton, R. A., Malhi, Y., Aragao, L. E. O. C., Guyot, J.-.-L., Zhao, K., Jackson, R., Peylin, P., Sitch, S., Poulter, B., Lomas, M., Zaehle, S., Huntingford, C., Levy, P., Lloyd, J. (2012). The carbon balance of South America: a review of the status, decadal trends and main determinants. Biogeosciences, 9, 5407-5430. doi:10.5194/bg-9-5407-2012.
74Luyssaert, S., Abril, G., Andres, R., Bastviken, D., Bellassen, V., Bergamaschi, P., Bousquet, P., Chevallier, F., Ciais, P., Corazza, M., Dechow, R., Erb, K. H., Etiope, G., Fortems-Cheiney, A., Grassi, G., Hartmann, J., Jung, M., Lathière, J., Lohila, A., Mayorga, E., Moosdorf, N., Njakou, D. S., Otto, J., Papale, D., Peters, W., Peylin, P., Raymond, P., Rödenbeck, C., Saarnio, S., Schulze, E. D., Szopa, S., Thompson, R., Verkerk, P. J., Vuichard, N., Wang, R., Wattenbach, M., Zaehle, S. (2012). The European land and inland water CO2, CO, CH4 and N2O balance between 2001 and 2005. Biogeosciences, 9(8), 3357-3380. doi:10.5194/bg-9-3357-2012.
75Luo, Y. Q., Randerson, J. T., Abramowitz, G., Bacour, C., Blyth, E., Carvalhais, N., Ciais, P., Dalmonech, D., Fisher, J. B., Fisher, R., Friedlingstein, P., Hibbard, K., Hoffman, F., Huntzinger, D., Jones, C. D., Koven, C., Lawrence, D., Li, D. J., Mahecha, M. D., Niu, S. L., Norby, R., Piao, S. L., Qi, X., Peylin, P., Prentice, I. C., Riley, W., Reichstein, M., Schwalm, C., Wang, Y. P., Xia, J. Y., Zaehle, S., Zhou, X. H. (2012). A framework for benchmarking land models. Biogeosciences, 9, 3857-3874. doi:10.5194/bg-9-3857-2012.
76Migliavacca, M., Reichstein, M., Richardson, A. D., Colombo, R., Sutton, M. A., Lasslop, G., Tomelleri, E., Wohlfahrt, G., Carvalhais, N., Cescatti, A., Mahecha, M. D., Montagnani, L., Papale, D., Zaehle, S., Arain, A., Arneth, A., Black, T. A., Carrara, A., Dore, S., Gianelle, D., Helfter, C., Hollinger, D., Kutsch, W. L., Lafleur, P. M., Nouvellon, Y., Rebmann, C., Rocha, D., Rodeghiero, M., Roupsard, O., Sebastià, M.-T., Seufert, G., Soussana, J.-F., Molen, V. D. (2011). Semiempirical modeling of abiotic and biotic factors controlling ecosystem respiration across eddy covariance sites. Global Change Biology, 17(1), 390-409. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2486.2010.02243.x.
77Reu, B., Zaehle, S., Proulx, R., Bohn, K., Kleidon, A., Pavlick, R., Schmidtlein, S. (2011). The role of plant functional trade-offs for biodiversity changes and biome shifts under scenarios of global climatic change. Biogeosciences, 8(5), 1255-1266. doi:10.5194/bg-8-1255-2011.
78Sulkava, M., Luyssaert, S., Zaehle, S., Papale, D. (2011). Assessing and improving the representativeness of monitoring networks: The European flux tower network example. Journal of Geophysical Research - Biogeosciences, 116, G00j04. doi:10.1029/2010jg001562.
79Zaehle, S., Ciais, P., Friend, A. D., Prieur, V. (2011). Carbon benefits of anthropogenic reactive nitrogen offset by nitrous oxide emissions. Nature Geoscience, 4(9), 601-605. doi:10.1038/ngeo1207.
80Zaehle, S., Dalmonech, D. (2011). Carbon-nitrogen interactions on land at global scales: current understanding in modelling climate biosphere feedbacks. Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability, 3(5), 311-320. doi:10.1016/j.cosust.2011.08.008.
81Kattge, J., Diaz, S., Lavorel, S., Prentice, I. C., Leadley, P., Bönisch, G., Garnier, E., Westoby, M., Reich, P. B., Wright, I. J., Cornelissen, J. H. C., Violle, C., Harrison, S. P., Van Bodegom, P. M., Reichstein, M., Enquist, B. J., Soudzilovskaia, N. A., Ackerly, D. D., Anand, M., Atkin, O., Bahn, M., Baker, T. R., Baldocchi, D., Bekker, R., Blanco, C. C., Blonder, B., Bond, W. J., Bradstock, R., Bunker, D. E., Casanoves, F., Cavender-Bares, J., Chambers, J. Q., Chapin Iii, F. S., Chave, J., Coomes, D., Cornwell, W. K., Craine, J. M., Dobrin, B. H., Duarte, L., Durka, W., Elser, J., Esser, G., Estiarte, M., Fagan, W. F., Fang, J., Fernández-Méndez, F., Fidelis, A., Finegan, B., Flores, O., Ford, H., Frank, D., Freschet, G. T., Fyllas, N. M., Gallagher, R. V., Green, W. A., Gutierrez, A. G., Hickler, T., Higgins, S. I., Hodgson, J. G., Jalili, A., Jansen, S., Joly, C. A., Kerkhoff, A. J., Kirkup, D., Kitajima, K., Kleyer, M., Klotz, S., Knops, J. M. H., Kramer, K., Kühn, I., Kurokawa, H., Laughlin, D., Lee, T. D., Leishman, M., Lens, F., Lenz, T., Lewis, S. L., Lloyd, J., Llusià, J., Louault, F., Ma, S., Mahecha, M. D., Manning, P., Massad, T., Medlyn, B. E., Messier, J., Moles, A. T., Müller, S. C., Nadrowski, K., Naeem, S., Niinemets, Ü., Nöllert, S., Nueske, A., Ogaya, R., Oleksyn, J., Onipchenko, V. G., Onoda, Y., Ordonez, J., Overbeck, G., Ozinga, W. A., Patiño, S., Paula, S., Pausas, J. G., Peñuelas, J., Phillips, O. L., Pillar, V., Poorter, H., Poorter, L., Poschlod, P., Prinzing, A., Proulx, R., Rammig, A., Reinsch, S., Reu, B., Sack, L., Salgado-Negret, B., Sardans, J., Shiodera, S., Shipley, B., Siefert, A., Sosinski, E., Soussana, J.-F., Swaine, E., Swenson, N., Thompson, K., Thornton, P., Waldram, M., Weiher, E., White, M., White, S., Wright, S. J., Yguel, B., Zaehle, S., Zanne, A. E., Wirth, C. (2011). TRY - a global database of plant traits. Global Change Biology, 17(9), 2905-2935. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2486.2011.02451.x.
82Arneth, A., Harrison, S. P., Zaehle, S., Tsigaridis, K., Menon, S., Bartlein, P. J., Feichter, J., Korhola, A., Kulmala, M., O'donnell, D., Schurgers, G., Sorvari, S., Vesala, T. (2010). Terrestrial biogeochemical feedbacks in the climate system. Nature Geoscience, 3(8), 525-532. doi:10.1038/ngeo905.
83Arneth, A., Sitch, S., Bondeau, A., Butterbach-Bahl, K., Foster, P., Gedney, N., De Noblet-Ducoudre, N., Prentice, I. C., Sanderson, M., Thonicke, K., Wania, R., Zaehle, S. (2010). From biota to chemistry and climate: towards a comprehensive description of trace gas exchange between the biosphere and atmosphere. Biogeosciences, 7(1), 121-149. doi:10.5194/bg-7-121-2010.
84Churkina, G., Zaehle, S., Hughes, J., Viovy, N., Chen, Y., Jung, M., Heumann, B. W., Ramankutty, N., Heimann, M., Jones, C. (2010). Interactions between nitrogen deposition, land cover conversion, and climate change determine the contemporary carbon balance of Europe. Biogeosciences, 7(9), 2749-2764. doi:10.5194/bg-7-2749-2010.
85Zaehle, S., Friedlingstein, P., Friend, A. D. (2010). Terrestrial nitrogen feedbacks may accelerate future climate change. Geophysical Research Letters, 37, L01401. doi:10.1029/2009gl041345.
86Zaehle, S., Friend, A. D. (2010). Carbon and nitrogen cycle dynamics in the O-CN land surface model, I: Model description, site-scale evaluation and sensitivity to parameter estimates. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 24, GB1005. doi:10.1029/2009GB003521.
87Zaehle, S., Friend, A. D., Dentener, F., Friedlingstein, P., Peylin, P., Schulz, M. (2010). Carbon and nitrogen cycle dynamics in the O-CN land surface model, II: The role of the nitrogen cycle in the historical terrestrial carbon balance. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 24, GB1006. doi:10.1029/2009GB003522.
88Jung, M., Reichstein, M., Ciais, P., Seneviratne, S. I., Sheffield, J., Goulden, M. L., Bonan, G., Cescatti, A., Chen, J. Q., De Jeu, R., Dolman, A. J., Eugster, W., Gerten, D., Gianelle, D., Gobron, N., Heinke, J., Kimball, J., Law, B. E., Montagnani, L., Mu, Q. Z., Mueller, B., Oleson, K., Papale, D., Richardson, A. D., Roupsard, O., Running, S., Tomelleri, E., Viovy, N., Weber, U., Williams, C., Wood, E., Zaehle, S., Zhang, K. (2010). Recent decline in the global land evapotranspiration trend due to limited moisture supply. Nature, 467(7318), 951-954. doi:10.1038/nature09396.
89Mahecha, M. D., Reichstein, M., Jung, M., Seneviratne, S. I., Zaehle, S., Beer, C., Braakhekke, M. C., Carvalhais, N., Lange, H., Le Maire, G., Moors, E. (2010). Comparing observations and process-based simulations of biosphere-atmosphere exchanges on multiple time scales. Journal of Geophysical Research - Biogeosciences, 115, G02003. doi:10.1029/2009JG001016.
90Poulter, B., Hattermann, F., Hawkins, E., Zaehle, S., Sitch, S., Restrepo-Coupe, N., Heyder, U., Cramer, W. (2010). Robust dynamics of Amazon dieback to climate change with perturbed ecosystem model parameters. Global Change Biology, 16(9), 2476-2495. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2486.2009.02157.x.
91Keenan, T., García, R., Friend, A. D., Zaehle, S., Gracia, C., Sabate, S. (2009). Improved understanding of drought controls on seasonal variation in Mediterranean forest canopy CO2 and water fluxes through combined in situ measurements and ecosystem modelling. Biogeosciences, 6(8), 1423-1444. doi:10.5194/bg-6-1423-2009.

Publications prior to 2009:

[1] Wramneby, A., Smith, B., Zaehle, S., Sykes, M.T. (2008) Parameter uncertainties in the modelling of vegetation dynamics -effects on tree community structure and ecosystem functioning in European forest biomes, Ecological Modelling, 216 (3-4), 277-290.
[2] Ciais, P. Schelhaas, M.J, Zaehle., S., Piao, S.L, Cescatti, A., Liski, J., Luyssaert, S., Le-Maire, G., Schulze, E.-D., Bouriaud, O., Freibauer, A., Valentini, R., Nabuurs, G.J. (2008): Carbon accumulation in European forests, Nature – Geosciences, 1, 425 - 429.
[3] Eggers, J., Lindner, M., Zudin, S., Zaehle, S., Liski, J. (2008): Forest resource development in Europe under changing climate and land use, Global Change Biology, 14 (10), 2288-2303.
[4] Vetter, M., Churkina, G., Jung, M., Reichstein, M., Zaehle, S. , Bondeau, A. , Chen, Y., Ciais, P., Feser, F., Freibauer, A., Geyer, R., Jones, C., Papale, D., Tenhunen, J., Tomelleri, E., Trusilova, K., Viovy, N., Heimann, M. (2007): Analyzing the causes and spatial pattern of the European 2003 carbon flux anomaly in Europe using seven models, Biogeosciences, 5, 561-583.
[5] Jung, M., Vetter, M., Herold, M., Churkina, G., Reichstein, M., Zaehle, S., Cias, P., Viovy, N., Bondeau, A., Chen, Y., Trusilova, K., Feser, F., Heimann, M. (2007), Uncertainties of modelling GPP over Europe: A systematic study on the effects of using different drivers and terrestrial biosphere models, Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 21, GB4021, doi:10.1029/2006GB002915.
[6] Smith, P., Chapman, S., Scott, W., Black, H., Wattenbach, M., Milne, R., Campbell, C., Lilly, A., Ostle N., Levy, P., Lumsdon, D., Millard, P., Towers, W., Zaehle, S., Smith, J. (2007), Climate change cannot be entirely responsible for soil carbon loss observed in England and Wales, 1978-2003, Global Change Biology, 13 (12) 2605-2609.
[7] Jung, M., Le Maire, G., Zaehle, S., Luyssaert, S., Vetter, M., Churkina, G., Ciais, P., Viovy, N., Reichstein, M. (2007): Assessing the ability of three land ecosystem models to simulate gross carbon uptake of forests from boreal to Mediterranean climate in Europe, Biogeosciences, 4, 647-656.
[8] Piao, S., Friedlingstein, P., Ciais, P., de Noblet-Ducoudré, N., Labat, D., Zaehle , S. (2007), Changes in climate and land use have a larger direct impact than rising CO2 on global river runoff trends, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 104 (39), 15242-15247.
[9] Müller, C., Eickhout, B., Zaehle, S., Bondeau, A., Cramer, W., Lucht, W. (2007): Effects of changes in CO2, climate and land use on the carbon balance of the land biosphere during the 21st century, Journal of Geophysical Research – Biogeoscience, 112, G02032
[10] Ciais, P., Manning, A.C., Reichstein, M., Zaehle, S., Bopp L. (2007): Nitrification amplifies the decreasing trends of atmospheric oxygen and implies a larger land carbon uptake, Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 21(2) GB2030,
[11] Zaehle, S., Bondeau, A., Carter, T., Cramer, W., Erhard, M., Prentice, I.C., Reginster, I., Rounsevell, M.D.A., Sitch, S., Smith, B., Smith, P.C., Sykes, M. (2007): Projected changes in terrestrial carbon storage in Europe under climate and land-use change, 1990-2100, Ecosystems, 10 (3), 380-401.
[12] Friend, A.D., Arneth, A., Kiang, N.Y., Lomas, M., Ogée, J., Rödenbeck, C., Running, S.W., Santaren, D., Sitch, S., Viovy, N., Woodward, F.I., Zaehle, S. (2007): Fluxnet and modelling the global carbon cycle, Global Change Biology, 13 (3) 610-633.
[13] Bondeau, A., Smith, P.C., Zaehle, S., Schaphoff, S., Lucht,W., Cramer, W., Gerten, D., Lotze-Campen, H., Müller, C., Reichstein, M., Smith, B. (2007): Modelling the role of agriculture for the 20th century global terrestrial carbon balance, Global Change Biology, 13 (3) 679-706.
[14] Seguin, B., Arrouays D., Balesdent, J., Soussana, J.-F., Bondeau, A., Smith, P.C., Zaehle, S., de Noblet, N., Viovy, N. (2007): Moderating the impact of agriculture on climate, Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 142: 278-287.
[15] Hickler, T., Prentice, I.C., Smith, B., Sykes, M.T., Zaehle, S. (2006): Implementing plant hydraulic architecture within the LPJ dynamic global vegetation model, Global Ecology and Biogeography 15: 567-577, doi:10.1111/j.1466-822X.2006.00254.x.
[16] Zaehle, S., Sitch, S., Prentice, C., Liski, J., Cramer, W., Erhard, M., Hickler, T., Smith, B. (2006): The importance of age-related decline in forest NPP for modeling regional carbon balances, Ecological Applications 16 (4) 1555-1574.
[17] Smith, P., Smith, J., Wattenbach, M., Meyer, M., Lindner, M., Zaehle, S., Hiederer, R., Jones, R., Montanarella, L., Rounsevell, M., Reginster, I. (2006): Projected changes in mineral soil carbon of European forests, 1990-2100, Canadian Journal of Soil Science, 86 (2) 159-169.
[18] Zaehle, S., Sitch, S., Smith, B., Hattermann, F. (2005): Effects of parameter uncertainties on the modeling of terrestrial biosphere dynamics, Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 19 GB3020, doi:10.1029/2004GB002395.
[19] Schröter D., Cramer W., Leemans R., Prentice I.C., Araújo M.B., Arnell N.W., Bondeau A., Bugmann H., Carter T.R., Garcia C.A., de la Vega-Leinert A.C., Erhard M., Ewert F., Glendining M., House J.I., Kankaanpää S., Klein R.J.T., Lavorel S., Lindner M., Metzger M.J., Meyer J., Mitchell T.D., Reginster I., Rounsevell M., Sabaté S., Sitch S., Smith B., Smith J., Smith P., Sykes M.T., Thonicke K., Thuiller W., Tuck G., Zaehle S., Zierl B. (2005): Ecosystem Service Supply and Vulnerability to Global Change in Europe. Science, 310 (5752) 1333-1337.
[20] Smith, J., Smith, P., Wattenbach, M, Zaehle, S., Hiederer, R., Jones, R., Montarella, L., Rounsevell, M., Reginster, I., Ewert, F. (2005): Projected changes in mineral soil carbon of European croplands and grasslands, 1990-2080. Global Change Biology, 11 (12) 2141-2152.
[21] Zaehle, S. (2005): Effect of height on tree hydraulic conductance incompletely compensated by xylem tapering, Functional Ecology, 19(2) 359-364.
[22] Gerten, D., Hoff, H., Bondeau, A., Lucht, W., Smith, P., Zaehle, S. (2005): Contemporary "green" water flows: Simulations with a dynamic global vegetation and water balance model, Physics and Chemistry of the Earth, 30 (6-7) 334-338.

Non peer-reviewed publications and book chapters:

Butterbach-Bahl K, Nemitz E, Zaehle S, Billen G, Boeckx P, Erisman JW, Garnier J, Upstill-Goddard R, Kreuzer M, Oenema O, Reis S, Schaap M, Simpson D, Vries Wd, Winiwarter W and Sutton MA (2011) Chapter 19. Nitrogen as a threat to the European greenhouse balance. In: Sutton MA, Howard CM, Erisman JW et al. (Eds.) The European Nitrogen Assessment. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
Zaehle, S. (2009): Nitrogen cycling – a Pandora’s Box for terrestrial biosphere models?, iLEAPS newsletter, 6, 18-20.
Eggers J., Lindner M., Zudin S., Zaehle S., Liski J., Nabuurs G.-J. (2007): Forestry in Europe under changing climate and land use. In Forestry & Climate Change (eds. Freer-Smith P.H., Broadmeadow M.S.J., Lynch J.M.), pp. 112-118. CABI, UK
Stephens, N., Zaehle, S., Poulter B., (2007) : Improving our understanding of Earth system processes GREENCYCLES European training network, Eos Trans. AGU, 88(38), 372, doi:10.1029/2007EO380006
Zaehle, S. (2005): Process-based simulation of the terrestrial biosphere : an evaluation of present-day and future terrestrial carbon balance estimates and their uncertainty. PhD-thesis, 193 pp. (URN:nbn:de:kobv:517-opus-5263), Universität Potsdam, Potsdam, DE.
Lindner, M., Lucht, W., Bouriaud, O., Green, T., Janssens, I., Brumme, R., Butterbach-Bahl, K., Grace, J., Lehtonen, A., Lettens, S., Liski, J., Mencuccini, M., Milne, R., Nabuurs, G.J., Olsson, M., Schadauer, K., Troeltzsch, K., Camp, N. van, Vries, W. de, Williams, M., Zaehle, S. (2004): Specific Study on Forest Greenhouse Gas Budget. Concerted Action CarboEurope-GHG, EC, 2004 - p. 62, Viterbo, IT.
Schröter, D. and ATEAM members (2004): The ATEAM final report 2004 – Detailed report related to overall project duration. Advanced Terrestrial Ecosystem Analysis and Modelling, a project funded under the 5th framework Programme of the European Union, pp. 139.
Metzger, M. and the ATEAM consortium (2004): The ATEAM vulnerability mapping tool, Quantitative Approaches in System Analysis No. 27, Dec 2004, University Wageningen, NL
Zaehle, S. (2001). Assessing the impact of ENSO on agriculture - A northern Vietnam case study on rice production. Master-Thesis, University of East Anglia, Norwich, UK, 65pp.

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