The BGI department forms part of various international research projects in the field of e.g. land-biosphere-atmosphere interactions, carbon and nutrient cycles, Earth System modelling, remote sensing and Earth Observation, experimental field and lab studies; it forms part of a Marie Sklodowska-Curie Innovative Training Network on Remote Sensing for Ecosystem modelling (TRuStEE), the Biodiversity Exploratories, and other research activities. Currently the department coordinates the H2020 project BACI (Detecting changes in essential ecosystem and biodiversity properties – towards a Biosphere Atmosphere Change Index), and hosts the ERC funded QUINCY project (Quantifying the effects of interacting nutrient cycles on terrestrial biosphere dynamics and their climate feedbacks). Additionally, the department has coordinated the FP7-funded project CARBO-Extreme studying the impacts of climate variability and weather extremes, the ESA project CAB-LAB Coupled Atmosphere Biosphere Virtual Laboratory and the Future Earth cluster E3S Extreme Events and Environments from climate to Society.
Short descriptions of funded projects and scientific initiatives we are involved in are available below.
|Acronym: Biodiversity Exploratories|
Title: Biodiversity Exploratories Core-Projects, Coordination
Duration: 5/2014 - 4/2020
PI/Co-PIs: Marion Schrumpf, Susan Trumbore
Project link: http://www.biodiversity-exploratories.de/startseite/
The project provides essential soil characteristics that determine ecosystem properties such as plant and soil organism abundance, diversity, and productivity under different land use and management, and information on soil processes driving belowground carbon (C) and nutrient cycles, to link management, biodiversity and soil function.
Participating department members: Marion Schrumpf
Title: Assessing vegetation carbon dynamics from multi-decadal spaceborne observations
Duration: 11/2018 - 10/2019
PI/Co-PIs: Nuno Carvalhais
In this project, we'll work on creating a multi-decadal record of biomass estimates from multiple Earth Observation datasets and investigate the integration of these new remote sensing data streams into an analysis of ecosystem dynamics and modelling
Participating department members: Nuno Carvalhais
Title: CO2 Human Emissions
Duration: 10/2017 - 12/2020
PI/Co-PIs: Julia Marshall, Martin Jung
Project link: https://www.che-project.eu/
The CO2 Human Emissions (CHE) project is a new initiative to explore the development of a European system to monitor human activity related carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions accross the world.
Participating department members: Julia Marshall, Martin Jung
Title: Coordination of International Research Cooperation on soil CArbon Sequestration in Agriculture
Duration: 11/2017 - 10/2020
PI/Co-PIs: Marion Schrumpf
Project link: https://www.circasa-project.eu/
CIRCASA (Coordination of International Research Cooperation on Soil Carbon Sequestration in Agriculture) aims to develop international synergies concerning research and knowledge exchange in the field of carbon sequestration in agricultural soils at European Union and global levels, with the active engagement of all relevant stakeholders.
Participating department members: Marion Schrumpf
Title: Coordinated Research in Earth Systems and Climate: Experiments, Knowledge, Dissemination and Outreach
Duration: 11/2015 - 10/2020
PI/Co-PIs: Sönke Zaehle
Project link: http://www.crescendoproject.eu
The CRESCENDO project aims to facilitate a coordinated European contribution to the CMIP6 experiment where the climate change community compares different international climate models to improve our knowledge of the Earth’s climate processes and provide the best possible future climate projections to governments and decision-makers Earth system models are increasingly the primary tools used for estimating the full Earth system response to future emissions of greenhouse gases. Hence it is crucial these models are continually improved in order that more reliable future climate projections can be made.
Participating department members: Nuno Carvalhais, Sujan Koirala, Sönke Zaehle
Title: EuroGEOSS Showcases: Applications Powered by Europe
Duration: 5/2019 - 4/2023
PI/Co-PIs: Markus Reichstein, Martin Jung
Participating department members: Markus Reichstein, Martin Jung
|Acronym: Extreme Events|
Title: Extreme Events: Building Climate Resilient Societies
Duration: 1/2019 - 11/2019
PI/Co-PIs: Markus Reichstein
Project link: https://www.volkswagenstiftung.de/en/events/calendar-of-events/herrenhausen-conferences/extreme-events-building-climate-resilient-societies
Extreme climate events, such as heatwaves, droughts and storms, have been identified as a top threat to human well-being by the UN. At the same time, the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) have been globally agreed on as a key target with a timeline until 2030 (Agenda 2030). Development and transformation for achieving the SDGs can be severely threatened by catastrophic events triggered by climate extremes. Yet, at the same time development towards reaching the SDGs may enhance societal resilience against such extremes. The overall objective of the conference is to elucidate the relations between climate extremes, societal resilience, and sustainable development goals.
Participating department members: Markus Reichstein, Dorothea Frank, Miguel Mahecha, Linda Maack, Alice Ratajczak
Title: FLEXSense: Technical assistance for airborne measurements during the FLEX sentinel tandem experiment
Duration: 12/2018 - 11/2019
PI/Co-PIs: Mirco Migliavacca
The FLEX-Sense 2018 envisaged campaign activities focus on collecting relevant airborne data over representative monitoring sites, concurrent with ground-based measurements and in coordination with the spaceborne mission Sentinel 3-B. (ESA, subcontract with research centre Jülich)
Participating department members: Mirco Migliavacca
|Acronym: Flora Incognita++|
Title: Flora Incognita – Systematic and reliable monitoring of German flora as a citizen science challenge
Duration: 8/2019 - 7/2024
PI/Co-PIs: Jana Wäldchen
Project link: http://floraincognita.com
Grundlegende Voraussetzung fuer den Schutz der Biodiversität ist die Kenntnis der Arten, denn nur die Pflanzen und Tiere die man aus eigener Erfahrung kennt und wertschätzt, ist man bereit zu schuetzen. Herkömmliche Artenbestimmungen mit Hilfe von Bestimmungsbuechern sind komplex, zeitintensiv und damit fuer Laien oft frustrierend. Dadurch entsteht eine große Huerde fuer Interessierte, die sich Artenkenntnisse aneignen möchten. Neue Informationstechniken sind Teil unseres Alltags geworden und ermöglichen es herkömmliche Bestimmungsmethoden zu vereinfachen. Im Rahmen dieses Projektes soll ein Verfahren zur teilautomatischen Pflanzenbestimmung mittels mobilen Endgerätes entwickelt werden. Das Verfahren wird den Nutzer durch eine interaktive Folge von Erkennungsschritten zur gesuchten Art fuehren. Dabei wird ein Teil der Merkmale automatisch durch Bilderkennung erfasst, es werden Umweltfaktoren in die Erkennung einbezogen und der Nutzer muss abhängig von der konkreten Situation zusätzliche Fragen beantworten oder Bildteile markieren. Der gesamte Prozess soll sich an die Fähigkeiten und Informationsbeduerfnisse des Nutzers anpassen, dazu sollen verschiedene Nutzertypen zur Auswahl stehen. Im Hintergrund erfolgt eine automatische Kartierung der Arten. Die Erkennungssoftware wird in eine internetbasierte Plattform eingebunden, die den Informations- und Erfahrungsaustausch zwischen Nutzern erlaubt und ambitionierte Nutzer zur Mitarbeit am Projekt auffordert. Im Ergebnis soll ein größerer Teil der Bevölkerung fuer die Vielfalt der deutschen Flora sensibilisiert werden und deren Wert besser schätzen lernen.
Participating department members: Markus Reichstein, Michael Rzanny, Alice Deggelmann, Oliver Bley
Title: Multivariate analysis of the land-atmosphere-interactions in a changing climate
Duration: 2/2018 - 1/2021
PI/Co-PIs: Rene Orth
Project link: https://www.bgc-jena.mpg.de/bgi/index.php/Research/HydroBioClim
Land surface hydrology acts at the interface between soil, vegetation, and atmosphere, and therefore impacts food production, water availability, and extreme events such as droughts and floods. The MALAICC project investigates whether or not land surface impacts on vegetation and near-surface weather are intensifying in the context of global warming. Related to this, we are studying the transition from an energy-limited regime where the atmosphere (temperature and incoming radiation) is driving the land(vegetation productivity, soil moisture), to a moisture-limited regime where the land can impact the atmosphere. For these purposes, we evaluate and compare models of different complexity and structure, alongside state-of-the-art observation-based datasets.
Participating department members: Rene Orth, Jasper Denissen, Sungmin O, Markus Reichstein
Title: Moisture dynamics and carbon sequestration in boreal soils
Duration: 4/2018 - 12/2019
PI/Co-PIs: Bernhard Ahrens, Markus Reichstein
Project link: https://nibio.no/en/projects/moisture-dynamics-and-carbon-sequestration-in-boreal-soils-mocabors
The project addresses the effect of soil moisture on carbon dynamics in boreal forest soils. It will improve our understanding of this key process and generate new data on soil C stocks and moisture conditions. The new data and knowledge will be used to improve the models. We will run the improved models to estimate soil C amounts for whole landscapes. We expect this work to decrease the uncertainty in the prediction of global soil C dynamics, which is a relevant issue for the international research community.
Participating department members: Bernhard Ahrens, Markus Reichstein
Title: Modelling Responses of Dehesas with Hyperspectral Remote Sensing
Duration: 1/2017 - 12/2019
PI/Co-PIs: Mirco Migliavacca
Project link: https://www.bgc-jena.mpg.de/bgi/index.php/Research/MoReDEHESHyReS
MoReDEHESHyReS methodology will be tested using hyperspectral ground and airborne data acquired in a Mediterranean tree-grass ecosystem located in Majadas del Tiétar, Cáceres, Spain. I this site, a complete set of replicated Eddy covariance ecosystem and subcanopy towers support a large scale fertilization experiment (MANIP). Spectral data were acquired from ground (SMANIE) and airborne (DEHESHyRe, FLUXPEC) platforms simultaneously to surface fluxes.
Participating department members: Mirco Migliavacca
Title: Quantifying the effects of interacting nutrient cycles on terrestrial biosphere dynamics and their climate feedbacks
Duration: 9/2015 - 9/2020
PI/Co-PIs: Sönke Zaehle
Project link: https://www.bgc-jena.mpg.de/bgi/index.php/Projects/QUINCY
The objective of QUINCY is to clarify the role of the interacting terrestrial nitrogen and phosphorus cycles and their effects on terrestrial C allocation and residence times as well as terrestrial water fluxes
Participating department members: Lucia Eder, Enrico Weber, Melanie Kern, Jan Engel, Siliva Caldararu, Marion Schrumpf,Sönke Zaehle
Title: RECCAP-2, Regional carbon cycle assessment and processes
Duration: 4/2018 - 9/2020
PI/Co-PIs: Martin Jung
The goal of the CCI project RECCAP-2 is to support and accelerate the analysis of regional carbon budgets based on the results of data-driven models and process-oriented Global Dynamic Vegetation Models used by the Global Carbon Project by operationalizing the production and uncertainty assessment of regional CO2 budgets, taking stock of newly available land surface and atmospheric remote sensing data to constrain and improve model results.
Participating department members: Martin Jung
|Acronym: SPP 1685 Phase II|
Title: Ein Modellansatz zur Kontrolle des Umsatzes organischer Substanz im Ökosystem durch Nährstoffverfügbarkeit
Duration: 2/2017 - 1/2020
PI/Co-PIs: Marion Schrumpf, Sönke Zaehle
Project link: https://www.ecosystem-nutrition.uni-freiburg.de/
The objective of the priority Program 1685 is to investigate the relevance of the ecological paradigm of the ‘whole being more than the sum of its parts’ for P - nutrition of forest ecosystems. Therefore new concepts of ecosystem nutrition and new methods will be developed. We will investigate if there are any adaption mechanism of forest ecosystems to sites with poor P supply, which are not a result of the adaptation of single organisms but of ecological interactions, which enable coordinated nutrient (re-) mobilisation, uptake, usage and storage.
Participating department members: Marion Schrumpf, Sönke Zaehle, Lin Yu
Title: The forgotten part of carbon cycling: Organic matter storage and turnover in subsoils
Duration: 12/2017 - 12/2019
PI/Co-PIs: Markus Reichstein, Marion Schrumpf
Project link: http://www.subsom.de
Participating department members: Markus Reichstein, Marion Schrumpf
Title: Training on Remote sensing for Ecosystem modElling
Duration: 10/2016 - 9/2020
PI/Co-PIs: Mirco Migliavacca
Project link: http://www.trusteenetwork.eu/
TRuStEE aims to capacitate the next generation of scientists to understand and deal with the increasing pressure of environmental change on ecosystem functioning and land-atmosphere interactions. Specifically, TRuStEE will train a new generation of scientists with complementary and interdisciplinary skills in ecosystem modelling, plant physiology, remote sensing technologies and big data analysis, addressing the specific objectives: 1) to identify essential biodiversity variables (EBVs) and the link with plant traits (PTs) and ecosystem functional properties (EFPs), inferable from remote sensing, 2) to investigate a completely new avenue for assessing vegetation photosynthetic efficiency from remote sensing measurements of canopy fluorescence, 3) to assimilate diverse remote sensing data streams with varying spatial and temporal resolution in dynamic ecosystem models 4) to exploit new satellite missions (e.g. ESA-FLEX, ESA-Sentinels, NASA-GEDI) and Earth Observation products for the upscaling of PTs, EBVs and EFPs.
Participating department members: Mirco Migliavacca, Miguel Mahecha, David Martini, Daniel Pabon, Markus Reichstein, Rocio Perez Maseres
Title: Observation-based system for monitoring and verification of greenhouse gases
Duration: 1/2018 - 12/2021
PI/Co-PIs: Martin Jung, Christoph Gerbig
Project link: https://verify.lsce.ipsl.fr/
VERIFY develops a system to estimate greenhouse gas emissions to support countries' emission reporting to the UN Climate Change Convention Secretariat. The emissions are estimated based on land, ocean and atmospheric observations. The project focuses on the three major greenhouse gases responsible for global warming: carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4) and nitrous oxide (N2O).
Participating department members: Martin Jung
Title: Advancing the Integrated Monitoring of Trace Gas Exchange between Biosphere and Atmosphere
Duration: 9/2008 - 2/2013
Project link: http://www.cost.eu/domains_actions/essem/Actions/ES0804
Contact: Markus Reichstein
This COST Action ES0804 provides a strong and dedicated coordination platform for planning, analysis and synthesis efforts, which will actually establish the building blocks of a European next generation of comprehensive multi-species flux monitoring sites. The COST Action will also create standardised methods and protocols for selection of site location, flux measurement techniques, (automated) processing and storage of data. This with a view to stimulate wider use of the data by a more diverse community of researchers, operational forecasters and environmental assessment organisations, policy and public.
Title: Tracing metabolic and organic signals through the Earth's Critical Zone
Duration: 12/2013 - 6/2017
Project link: http://www.aquadiva.uni-jena.de/Projects.html
Contact: Gerd Gleixner, Markus Reichstein, Susan Trumbore
Title: Detecting changes in essential ecosystem and biodiversity properties – towards a Biosphere Atmosphere Change Index: BACI
Duration: 4/2015 - 3/2019
Project link: http://baci-h2020.eu
Contact: Miguel Mahecha, Markus Reichstein
|Acronym: CAB-LAB |
Title: Coupled Atmosphere Biosphere virtual LABoratory
Duration: 2/2015 - 1/2017
Project link: http://cab-lab.eu/
Contact: Miguel Mahecha, Fabian Gans
Title: The terrestrial Carbon cycle under Climate Variability and Extremes a Pan-European synthesis
Duration: 6/2009 - 5/2013
Project link: http://www.carbo-extreme.eu/
Contact: Christian Beer, Nuno Carvalhais, Dorothea Frank, Miguel Mahecha, Markus Reichstein, Xiuchen Wu, Jakob Zscheischler
CARBO-Extreme aims to * improve our understanding of the terrestrial carbon cycle in response to climate variability and extreme events * represent and apply this knowledge over Europe with predictive terrestrial carbon cycle modelling * interpret the model predictions in terms of vulnerability of the terrestrial - in particular soil - carbon pools under different scenarios and give advice to the European Commission and other stakeholders to support the development and implementation of climate, soil and ecosystem protection policies.
Title: Quantification, understanding and prediction of carbon cycle, and other GHG gases, in Sub-Saharan Africa
Duration: 10/2006 - 3/2010
Project link: http://www.carboafrica.net/index_en.asp
Contact: Markus Reichstein, Werner Kutsch
|Acronym: CarboEurope IP|
Title: Assessment of the European Terrestrial Carbon Balance
Duration: 1/2004 - 12/2008
Project link: http://www.carboeurope.org/
Contact: Ernst-Detlef Schulze, Martin Heimann, Christoph Gerbig, Martin Jun, Miguel Mahecha, Markus Reichstein, Sönke Zaehle
To advance our understanding in a multidisciplinary and integrated way, 61 research centres from 17 European countries have joined forces for a 5-year EU-funded research project started in January 2004. CarboEurope-IP addresses basic scientific questions of high political relevance.
Title: 30-year re-analysis of CARBON fluxES and pools over Europe and the Globe
Duration: 4/2010 - 3/2013
Project link: http://www.carbones.eu/
Contact: Matthias Forkel, Markus Reichstein
A novel approach for quantifying and understanding CO2 surface fluxes is proposed with CARBONES. It is a global information system that will address in a comprehensive and accurate way the quantification and understanding of the distribution of CO2 fluxes, carbon pools and underlying processes. It will take advantage of (and further adapt) in situ data infrastructures (ICOS, FLUXNET, CO2 networks, biomass and soil inventories) as well as space-based information of land and ocean surface biophysical properties and atmospheric composition. CARBONES will deliver the first ever consistent, high space and time resolution information of the history of the carbon Cycle, with associated uncertainties and attribution to controlling processes. Our tasks are: Leading WP 300: The aim of this work package is to provide three independent classes of data that will be used in the CARBONES system and advice on methodologies to use these data: (a) anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions, land cover type and meteorological data as model forcing; (b) Satellite and in-situ data for assimilation into the system using the Core Services Products; (c) independent validation data that will be prepared and “metrics” defined that are robust indicators of model performance at the time- and space scales of interest. Our strategy is to have the different observational time and space scales 'built in" into the cost function minimized by the assimilation system. This is described in WP400. Carbon cycle observations are based upon different measurement principles (e.g. concentrations and fluxes), have different temporal and spatial densities (e.g. satellite and in-situ) and different scales. A further complexity of the carbon cycle data assimilation problem is that five orders of magnitudes of time-scales need to be resolved, going from hour in the case of photosynthesis, to decades in the case of soil organic carbon decomposition.
Title: Carbon processes in permafrost ecosystems: generation, transformation and release
Duration: 10/2013 - 9/2016
Project link: http://www.planeterde.de/Members/huenken/BMBF%20Projekte/wtz-russland-carboperm/
Contact: Martin Heimann, Mathias Goeckede, Markus Reichstein
Title: Climate Change and Impact Research: the Mediterranean Environment
Duration: 4/2007 - 3/2011
Project link: http://www.circeproject.eu/
Contact: Markus Reichstein, Dorothea Frank, Enrico Tomelleri
CIRCE aims at developing for the first time an assessment of the climate change impacts in the Mediterranean area. The objectives of the project are: - to predict and to quantify physical impacts of climate change in the Mediterranean area; - to evaluate the consequences of climate change for the society and the economy of the populations located in the Mediterranean area; - to develop an integrated approach to understand combined effects of climate change; - to identify adaptation and mitigation strategies in collaboration with regional stakeholders.
Title: Climate change predictions in Sub-Saharan Africa: impacts and adaptations
Duration: 10/2010 - 9/2014
Project link: http://www.climafrica.net/
Contact: Martin Jung, Markus Reichstein, Eric Thomas, Ulrich Weber
ClimAfrica is conceived to respond to the urgent international need for the most appropriate and up-to-date tools to better understand and predict climate change, assess its impact on African ecosystems and population, and develop the correct adaptation strategies. Africa is probably the most vulnerable continent to climate change and climate variability and shows diverse range of agro-ecological and geographical features. Thus the impacts of climate change can be very high and will greatly differ across the continent, and even within countries. The project focus on the following specific objectives: 1. Develop improved climate predictions on seasonal to decadal climatic scales, especially relevant to SSA; 2. Assess climate impacts in key sectors of SSA livelihood and economy, especially water resources and agriculture; 3- Evaluate the vulnerability of ecosystems and civil population to inter-annual variations and longer trends (10 years) in climate; 3. Suggest and analyse new suited adaptation strategies, focused on local needs; 4. Develop a new concept of 10 years monitoring and forecasting warning system, useful for food security, risk management and civil protection in SSA; 5. Analyse the economic impacts of climate change on agriculture and water resources in SSA and the cost-effectiveness of potential adaptation measures.
Title: DKN Future Earth Working group “Societal resilience and climate extremes”
Duration: 10/2017 - 9/2019
Project link: http://www.dkn-future-earth.org/community/arbeitsgruppen/arbeitsgruppen/societal-resilience-and-climate-extremes.html
Contact: Markus Reichstein
Climate extremes are one of the major future threats to society, as recognized by several international bodies. Yet, it is difficult to conceive the question: “Which instabilities, tipping points and risk cascades are most likely emerging from the interaction of future climate extremes with ecological and societal systems?” There is lack of systematic assessment which modelling approaches and data from various disciplines can be used to better constrain this question. In addition, climate extremes are usually defined with extreme weather events in mind, while risks to society emerge as well from longer-term (e.g. decadal) extreme climatic conditions, including slow onset events. Thus, the key goal of this working group is to envision how far the German and international scientific community may come in the next 5-10 years to answer the above question.
Title: Comprehensive Modelling of the Earth System for Better Climate Prediction and Projection
Duration: 5/2009 - 10/2013
Project link: http://www.combine-project.eu/
Contact: Christian Beer, Martin Jung, Markus Reichstein, Sönke Zaehle
The European integrating project COMBINE brings together research groups to advance Earth system models (ESMs) for more accurate climate projections and for reduced uncertainty in the prediction of climate and climate change in the next decades. COMBINE will contribute to better assessments of changes in the physical climate system and of their impacts in the societal and economic system. The proposed work will strengthen the scientific base for environmental policies of the EU for the climate negotiations, and will provide input to the IPCC/AR5 process. Our main role is to provide strategies, methods and data for model evaluation, in particular of the carbon and water cycles.
Title: Combined Positoning-Relfectomerty GALileo Code Receiver for Forest Management
Duration: 1/2015 - 5/2017
Project link: http://www.coregalproject.com/
Contact: Nuno Carvalhais
|Acronym: Coupled Carbon-Nitrogen Cycle Models|
Title: Systematic assessment of uncertainty in coupled carbon-nitrogen cycle models and their climate feedbacks
Duration: 8/2012 - 8/2015
Contact: Sönke Zaehle, Johannes Meyerholt
The new generation of land carbon-nitrogen-cycle models show that nitrogen feedbacks attenuate the responses of the carbon cycle to perturbations, thereby affecting long-term projections of climate change. However, the magnitude of this effect is very different between the models, leading to considerable uncertainty in projected rates of climate change. This PhD project seeks to better understand and quantify this uncertainty by systematically assessing alternative model components in a common framework. Key observations of global carbon-nitrogen cycling will be used to evaluate competing process formulations. The thoroughly examined set of model components, linked in a common global modelling framework, will be used to make ensemble projections of the effects of future global change on terrestrial feedbacks to the climate system, systematically assessing uncertainty in these projections stemming from uncertainty in both parametric and process- formulation of global carbon-nitrogen cycle modelling.
Title: Monitoring mass and energy fluxes in a manipulated Mediterranean tree-grass Dehesa (Mediterranean Savanna) ecosystem through the integration of ground and satellite data with airborne hyperspectral imagery
Duration: 1/2015 - 4/2016
Project link: http://www.eufar.net/planning/xml_print.php?idp=ta_deheshyre_1291
Contact: Mirco Migliavacca
DEHESHyrE proposes joint modeling of water, carbon and nutrient cycling by means of ground measurements, airborne and satellite systems, which involves combination of data at various spatial and temporal scales. The project if focused on the Integration of multitemporal/multiscale optical and thermal data to interpret and monitor ecosystem-scale water, carbon and nutrient fluxes in Mediterranean areas with complex vegetation structure.
Title: Extreme Events and Environments from climate to Society
Duration: 10/2014 - 9/2016
Project link: http://www.e3s-future-earth.eu
Contact: Markus Reichstein, Dorothea Frank
Title: Effects of Climate Change on Air Pollution Impacts and Response Strategies for European Ecosystems
Duration: 10/2011 - 9/2015
Project link: http://www.eclaire-fp7.eu/
Contact: Martina Franz, Sönke Zaehle
ÉCLAIRE seeks to quantify the effects of climate change on air pollution impacts and use this to develop response strategies for European ecosystems. Focussing especially on the role of ozone and nitrogen, and where relevant their interactions with volatile organic compounds, the main objectives of Eclaire are to provide a robust understanding of the air pollution impacts on European land ecosystems under changing environmental conditions, and to provide reliable and innovative risk assessment methodologies to support EU policy. BGI is mainly involved in developing modelling schemes to account for ozone impacts on vegetation and feedback to the terrestrial carbon-nitrogen cycles.
Title: Earth system Model Bias Reduction and assessing Abrupt Climate ChangE
Duration: 11/2010 - 2/2016
Project link: http://www.embrace-project.eu
Contact: Nuno Carvalhais, Martin Jung, Markus Reichstein, Sönke Zaehle
Das EU-Projekt EMBRACE hat zum Ziel, die bewährten europäischen Erdsystemmodelle zu verbessern, um u.a. verlässliche Aussagen über zu erwartende Extremereignisse wie Dürren, Überflutungen und Hitzewellen zu ermöglichen.
Title: Earth System Network of Integrated Modelling and Assessmen
Duration: 1/2006 - 1/2013
Project link: http://enigma.zmaw.de/
Contact: Daniela Dalmonech, Martin Heimann, Christoph Köstler, Gregor Schürmann, Sönke Zaehle
This is a joint research project of MPI for Biogeochemsitry, MPI for Meteorology, MPI for Chemistry, and the Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research to bridge the current gap between the traditional modelling of physical-chemical components of the Earth system and the modelling of the biosphere. TBM contributes to the workpackages on data assimilation and carbon-nitrogen cycling.
Title: Earth System Data Laboratory
Duration: 4/2018 - 9/2019
Project link: https://www.earthsystemdatalab.net/
Contact: Miguel Mahecha
The Earth System Data Lab (ESDL) is a multi-variate data set of essential Earth System variables on a common grid and sharing a common data model. The main objective of the ESDL activity is to establish and operate a service to the scientific community that greatly facilitates access and exploitation of the multivariate data set in the ESDL and by this means advances the understanding of the interactions between the ocean-land-atmosphere system and society.
Title: Spectral Sampling Tools for Vegetation Biophysical Parameters and Flux Measurements in Europe
Duration: 11/2009 - 5/2013
Project link: http://cost-es0903.fem-environment.eu/
Contact: Enrico Tomelleri
The main objective of this Cost Action ES0903 is to develop common protocols and new instruments within a larger European network for optical measurements, bringing together scientists and industries in order to increase the reliability, value and cost-efficiency of the existing spectral observations within the European flux network. The Action will focus on the optical sampling strategies, which can be considered a fundamental tool in monitoring Biophysical Parameters (BP) and which act as a "bridge" between the flux tower and the remote sensing community.
Title: Benchmarking ecosystem models using DoE FACE experiments
Duration: 7/2013 - 12/2015
Project link: https://www.bgc-jena.mpg.de/bgi/index.php/People/SoenkeZaehle
Contact: Sönke Zaehle, Kristina Luis
FACE-MPI2 is an international effort to use observations from free-air CO2 enrichment experiments to better understand the validity of assumptions commonly used in ecosystem models. Using the FACE-MIP approach developed for analyzing Duke and ORNL FACE data, the analysis is now extended to additional elevated CO2 experiments: DOE-supported experiments will broaden the range of ecosystem types and environmental interaction to include the colder conditions and ozone interaction of the Rhinelander FACE; the hot, droughty conditions and very different vegetation of the Nevada FACE experiment; the especially long-term record of the Maryland salt marsh OTC experiment; and the high temperature interactions with CO2 in the Florida OTC experiment. This activity will test how the models compare under different circumstances, and provide a broader picture of what model behaviors we should expect. Where there are explainable differences in the responses observed in these different experiments, we can test whether the models replicate those differences.
Title: Toward an Operational Global Carbon Observing System
Duration: 10/2011 - 9/2014
Project link: http://www.geocarbon.net/
Contact: Nuno Carvalhais, Christoph Gerbig, Martin Heimann, Martin Jung, Christoph Köstler, Manos Kalomenopoulos, Miguel Mahecha, Markus Reichstein, Gregor Schürmann, Sönke Zaehle
GEOCARBON aims at designing a coordinated Global Carbon Observation and Analysis System, addressing the climate targets of the Group on Earth Observations (GEO) toward building a Global Earth Observation System of Systems (GEOSS) for carbon. Specific objectives are: 1. Provide an aggregated set of harmonized global carbon data (CO2 and CH4) and information (integrating the land, ocean, atmosphere and human dimension) 2. Develop improved Carbon Cycle Data Assimilation Systems (CCDAS) 3. Define the specifications for an operational Global Carbon Observing System 4. Provide improved regional carbon budgets of Amazon and Central Africa 5. Provide comprehensive and synthetic information on the annual sources and sinks of CO2 and CH4 for the globe and for large ocean and land regions 6. Provide an economic assessment of the value of an enhanced Global Carbon Observing System 7. Strengthen the effectiveness of the global Carbon Community participation in the GEO system. The achievements of each of the specific objectives will represent key advancements. Another major advancement will be the translation of the scientific knowledge into policy relevant information. This will allow decision makers timely addressing mitigation and adaptation strategies and verification process of greenhouse gas emissions and sinks.
Title: Greenhouse gas management in European land use systems
Duration: 1/2010 - 9/2013
Project link: http://www.ghg-europe.eu/
Contact: Martin Heimann, Christoph Gerbig, Jošt Valentin Lavric, Antje Moffat, Markus Reichstein, Enrico Tomelleri, Sönke Zaehle
Title: The GlobBiomass project develops and demonstrates an integrated and validated methodology using EO and in-situ data to improve regional and global biomass estimates.
Duration: 1/2015 - 12/2017
Project link: http://globbiomass.org/
Contact: Nuno Carvalhais, Markus Reichstein
Title: Integrated Carbon Observing System
Duration: 4/2008 - 3/2013
Project link: http://www.icos-infrastructure.eu/
Contact: Christoph Gerbig, Markus Reichstein
ICOS is a new European Research Infrastructure for providing the long-term observations required to understand the present state and predict future behavior of the global carbon cycle and greenhouse gas emissions and for monitoring the effectiveness of carbon sequestration and/or greenhouse gases emission reduction activities on global atmospheric composition levels, including attribution of sources and sinks by region and sector. Our main role is to contribute to an assessment and optimization of the representativeness and usefulness of the European eddy covariance flux network for the goals of ICOS.
Title: German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research
Duration: 11/2013 - 1/2015
Project link: http://www.idiv-biodiversity.de/
Contact: Jens Kattge, Miguel Mahecha, Markus Reichstein, Sue Trumbore, Franziska Schrodt
The central mission of the iDiv is to promote theory-driven synthesis and experiments and data-driven theory in biodiversity sciences, and provide the scientific foundation for a sustainable management of the earth’s biodiversity. The main deliverables of the centre are (i) novel experimental and meta-analytical tests of existing theories, (ii) novel theories inspired by and testable with data, and (iii) practical solutions for improving biodiversity conservation. This will be supported by existing, as well as several new experimental and database-platforms. iDiv is based in Leipzig and jointly hosted by the University of Leipzig (UL), the Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg (MLU), and the Friedrich Schiller University Jena (FSU), all of which have a strong tradition in biodiversity sciences.
Title: Joining ecophysiological Understanding and global ecosystem modelling for improved simulation of Land surface Interactions with the Atmosphere
Duration: 8/2008 - 7/2011
Contact: Sönke Zaehle
|Acronym: Microbial Turnover|
Title: Studying microbial turnover with soil phosphate oxygen isotopes
Duration: 1/2013 - 12/2015
Contact: Markus Reichstein
|Acronym: Mr. PARTS|
Title: Minirhizotron: Phenology and Root Traits
Duration: 6/2017 - 5/2019
Project link: https://www.bgc-jena.mpg.de/bgi/index.php/Research/MRPARTS
Contact: Richard Nair, Mirco Migliavacca, Markus Reichstein
|Acronym: PAGE 21|
Title: Changing Permafrost in the Arctic and its Global Effects in the 21st Century
Duration: 11/2011 - 10/2015
Project link: http://page21.org/
Contact: Christian Beer, Mathias Goeckede, Martin Heimann , Sonja Kaiser
PAGE21 is a Large-scale integrating collaborative project under the ENV call topic "Vulnerability of Arctic permafrost to climate change and implications for global GHG emissions and future climate" (ENV.2011.1.1.3-1) PAGE21 will aim to understand and quantify the vulnerability of permafrost environments to a changing global climate, and to investigate the feedback mechanisms associated with increasing greenhouse gas emissions from permafrost zones. This research will make use of a unique set of Arctic permafrost investigations performed at stations that span the full range of Arctic bioclimatic zones. The project will bring together the best European permafrost researchers and eminent scientists from Canada, Russia, the USA, and Japan.
Title: Quantifying and modeling pathways of soil organic matter as affected by abiotic factors, microbial dynamics, and transport processes
Duration: 9/2008 - 2/2014
Project link: https://www.bgc-jena.mpg.de/bgi/index.php/Main/Quasom
Contact: Bernhard Ahrens, Maarten Braakhekke, Lenka Forkelova, Gerd Gleixner, Myroslava Khomik, Markus Reichstein, Marion Schrumpf, Stefany Thiessen, Enrico Weber, Thomas Wutzler
The general aim of the QUASOM project is to improve our understanding of the key interactions between the biological and the physicochemical soil systems. These are often not explicitly considered in current experimental and modeling approaches and are likely to influence the biogeochemical cycles for a large part of the terrestrial biosphere and thus have the potential to significantly impact the Earth System as a whole. This will be achieved through an approach that integrates new soil mesocosm experiments, field data from ongoing European projects, and soil process modeling. An incorporation of a new soil module into a global dynamic vegetation model (DGVM) is foreseen.
Title: Observing vegetation status and function from the ground to the space (SAVNET)
Duration: 1/2017 - 12/2018
Contact: Mirco Migliavacca
The project will provide complementarily support our collaborative research/training and networking activities and field work in the context of the projects SynerTGE, MANIP and TRUSTEE.
Title: The Central Siberian Global Change Laboratory
Duration: 8/2011 - 5/2013
Project link: http://sib-lab.uni-jena.de/index.html
Contact: Christian Beer, Martin Thurner, Sonja Kaiser
Due to its climatic importance as well as high industrial development rates caused by the region´s precious natural resources (gas, oil, lumber, gold, minerals, diamonds), central Siberia and namely the Krasnoyarsk region was and is in the focus of European, Russian and global research projects starting twenty years ago (namely the IGBP Boreal Transect Study).
Title: Stable Isotopes in Biospheric-Atmospheric-Earth System Research
Duration: 5/2009 - 5/2013
Project link: http://www.sibae.ethz.ch/cost-sibae
Contact: Christian Beer
SIBAE is an integrative, coordinated European platform for the use of stable isotopes in biosphere-atmosphere-Earth system studies
|Acronym: SOPRAN II|
Title: Ozeanische Oberflächenprozesse im Anthropozän II; Vorhaben: Quantifizierung regionaler ozeanatmosphärer Gasaustauschflüsse von CO2, O2 und N2O im subtrop. Atlantik und in der Mauretanischen Auftriebszone
Duration: 2/2010 - 1/2013
Project link: http://sopran.pangaea.de/
Contact: Martin Heimann, Markus Reichstein
Title: The Terrestrial Biosphere in the Earth System
Duration: 1/2009 - 12/2014
Project link: http://enigma.zmaw.de/Working-Group-1.1678.0.html
Contact: Sönke Zaehle
The main objective of the Cost Action ES0805 is a cross-disciplinary assessment of our current understanding of the terrestrial biosphere from an Earth system perspective to improve the reliability of future Earth system projections in coupled climate-biosphere simulations. This Action is a cross-community initiative to join efforts for improving the reliability of future combined climate-biosphere projections by accounting for recent progress in understanding, modelling and quantification of biospheric processes in the Earth system.
Title: Evapotranspiration estimates at global and regional scales
Duration: 9/2012 - 5/2014
Project link: http://due.esrin.esa.int/stse/projects/stse_project.php?id=173
Contact: Martin Jung, Markus Reichstein
WACMOS-II aims to advance towards the development of evapotranspiration (ET) estimates at global and regional scales, having as main objectives to develop a Reference Input Data Set to derive and validate ET estimates, and to perform a cross-comparison, error characterization, and validation exercise of a group of selected ET algorithms driven by the Reference Input Data Set.
FLUXNET, a "network of regional networks" coordinates regional and global analyses of eddy covariance observations from micrometeorological tower sites. Together with Dario Papale, Viterbo and Dennis Baldocchi, Berkeley, and in collaboration with regional networks and Microsoft Research and Berkeley Water Centre, we have been preparing a new generation FLUXNET dataset, for that a pre-version was discussed on the Last workshop in La Thuile, Italy: 19-22 Feb 2007.
Participating department members:
Name: iDiv - German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research
Name: TRY - Quantifying and scaling global plant trait diversity