Max Planck Gesellschaft

ATTO - the Amazon Tall Tower Observatory

_About ATTO

ATTO is a joint German-Brazilian project launched in 2009. It is an infrastructure platform for observing forest-atmosphere interactions and their impact on climate, atmospheric chemistry, aerosols and clouds, and greenhouse gases. In its first phase, the project was initiated and the ATTO site was founded jointly by the Brazilian National Institute for Amazonian Research (INPA), and the Max Planck Institute for Chemistry (MPI-C).

Since March 2016, with the tall tower construction complete, ATTO has entered a new phase of research, adding the Max Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry (MPI-BGC) in a leadership role together with MPI-C and INPA. ATTO is funded by MCTI (Brazil), BMBF (Germany) and the Max-Planck Society.

The ATTO site has 2 80-m towers and a new 325-m tall tower as well as a field camp, power generators, and laboratory containers.


External links



A large team of ca. 200 people are involved in the project. This is our team at MPI-BGC in Jena:

  • Scientific coordinator: Susan Trumbore
  • BGC Project Coordinator: Jost Lavric
  • PIs: Jost Lavric, Eliane Gomes-Alves, Carlos Sierra, Gerd Gleixner, Christoph Gerbig, Daniel Marra
  • Post Doctoral scientists & PhD students: Shujiro Komiya,Santiago Botia, Ingrid Chanca, Carsten Simon, Ann-Sophie Lehnert, David Herrera, Jeffrey Beem-Miller, Alison Hoyt
  • Field experiments, Technical Support & Safety: Olaf Kolle, Martin Hertel, Kerstin Hippler, Karl Kübler, Steffen Schmidt, Uwe Schultz, Thomas Seifert, Susanne Hejja
  • Data Managment / Data Base: Jost Lavric, Marcus Guderle
  • Outreach: Iris Moebius, Eberhard Fritz, Susanne Hejja
  • Project Financial Administrator: Katharina Witt
  • Administrative Support: Eberhard Fritz, Angela Günther, Kerstin Kühn


  • May 2019: ATTO workshop 2019 - Save the date
The next ATTO workshop will take place in Manaus, Brasil, 16. – 18. September 2019. More information to follow soon.
  • March 2019: ATTO at EGU 2019
EGU 2019 is shining a light on Amazon research. Jošt Lavrič, Beto Quesada, Alessandro Araújo and Matthias Sörgel are chairing a session titled „Intact Amazon forest – a natural laboratory of global significance“. We‘re excited that, in addition to many of our ATTO team members, scientists from a variety of other projects will participate in the session. It is going to be a very diverse and exciting, with lots of possibilities to share knowledge and extend our network. It will take place on Friday, 12 April. Find full details on the session here
  • July 2018 ATTO web presence
You can now find out more about ATTO on its brandnew webpage! You can also follow project updates on Social Media at @ATTOresearch on Twitter, @ATTOresearch on Instagram, @ATTOproject on Facebook and ATTO - Amazon Tall Tower Observatory on Youtube.
  • 19-Apr-2018 ATTO workshop
The ATTO workshop draft agenda is available and the registration is now open.
  • 23-Mar-2018 ATTO workshop - Save the date
The next ATTO workshop will take place in Jena, 18. – 20. June 2018. More information to follow soon.
  • 26-Feb-2018 Post-doc positions in ATTO project
With unique facilities, centered on the 325 meter tower and two 80 m towers about 150 km northeast of Manaus, ATTO provides an unprecedented platform to study the role of Amazon tropical forests in Earth system processes and climate. The towers are equipped with instruments to measure greenhouse gases and their isotopes, reactive trace gases, aerosols and clouds, as well as micrometeorological data to study forest energy and carbon balance. Additional projects investigate the processes that give rise to observed forest-atmosphere exchanges. Research within the ATTO project is divided into four major themes: 1. Regional greenhouse gas balance; 2. Physical climate: Energy, water, and winds; 3. Aerosols, clouds, and atmospheric processes; 4. Processes regulating land-air exchange.
We are offering post-doc positions at INPA and for each of the four themes one position is available. The four scientists will be based at INPA and interact with national and international groups involved in the ATTO project. Post-docs interested in one of these positions must have a PhD in Physics, Chemistry, Biology or a closely related field. They must be prepared to work in a self-contained manner and willing to work in the field under basic field conditions. ATTO offers the opportunity to work in a unique, highly international scientific environment and the ability to interact with a range of interdisciplinary and international scientists. The post-doc scholarships are for 3 years at a salary of R$4100 per month.
Please send your applications including a letter of interest, CV and certificates not later than on 25 March 2018 to Bruno Takeshi. In your letter, please indicate the direction of research that you would prefer. If any questions should arise, please contact Bruno Takeshi or one of the two coordinators – Beto Quesada (INPA) or Susan Trumbore (MPI-BGC).
For additional information, see the full announcement here.
  • 16-Oct-2017 Workshop on building research at ATTO
On 4 and 5 October, we participated at the ATTO workshop hosted by the National Institute of Amazonian Research (INPA; Manaus, Brazil). The main objectives were to present current work related to the ATTO site and plan future joint research at and around ATTO.
The workshop participants agreed to produce a new science plan that integrates research on energy, water, aerosols, and greenhouse gases exchange between the central Amazon forests and the atmosphere, and explores the role of volatile organics and trace gases on cloud formation and atmospheric chemistry. Over the next 20 years, ATTO scientists aim at providing new knowledge on the role of the Amazon forest in the global climate system and its response to changing climate.

_ Latest ATTO publications

1Machado, L. A. T., Franco, M. A., Kremper, L. A., Ditas, F., Andreae, M. O., Artaxo, P., Cecchini, M. A., Holanda, B. A., Pöhlker, M. L., Saraiva, I., Wolff, S., Pöschl, U., Pöhlker, C. (2021). How weather events modify aerosol particle size distributions in the Amazon boundary layer. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 21(23), 18065-18086. doi:10.5194/acp-21-18065-2021.
2Muñoz, J. D. U., Marra, D. M., Negrón-Juarez, R. I., Tello-Espinoza, R., Alegría-Muñoz, W., Pacheco-Gómez, T., Rifai, S. W., Chambers, J. Q., Jenkins, H. S., Brenning, A., Trumbore, S. E. (2021). Recovery of forest structure following large-scale windthrows in the Northwestern Amazon. Forests, 12(6): 667. doi:10.3390/f12060667.
3Camarinha-Neto, G. F., Cohen, J. C. P., Dias-Júnior, C. Q., Sörgel, M., Cattanio, J. H., Araújo, A., Wolff, S., Kuhn, P. A. F., Souza, R. A. F., Rizzo, L. V., Artaxo, P. (2021). The friagem event in the central Amazon and its in?uence on micrometeorological variables and atmospheric chemistry. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 21(1), 339-356. doi:10.5194/acp-21-339-2021.
4Pfannerstill, E. Y., Reijrink, N. G., Edtbauer, A., Ringsdorf, A., Zannoni, N., Araújo, A., Ditas, F., Holanda, B. A., Sá, M. O., Tsokanku, A., Walter, D., Wolff, S., Lavric, J. V., Pöhlker, C., Sörgel, M., Williams, J. (2021). Total OH reactivity over the Amazon rainforest: variability with temperature, wind, rain, altitude, time of day, season, and an overall budget closure. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 21(8), 6231-6256. doi:10.5194/acp-21-6231-2021.
5Simon, C., Pimentel, T. P., Monteiro, M. T. F., Candido, L. A., Gastmans, D., Geilmann, H., da Oliveira, R. C., Rocha, J. B., Pires, E., Quesada, C. A., Forsberg, B. R., Feirrera, S. J. F., da Cunha, H. B., Gleixner, G. (2021). Molecular links between whitesand ecosystems and blackwater formation in the Rio Negro watershed. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 311, 274-291. doi:10.1016/j.gca.2021.06.036.
6Komiya, S., Kondo, F., Moossen, H., Seifert, T., Schultz, U., Geilmann, H., Walter, D., Lavric, J. V. (2021). Characterizing water vapour concentration dependence of commercial cavity ring-down spectrometers for continuous on-site atmospheric water vapour isotope measurements in the tropics. Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, 14(2), 1439-1455. doi:10.5194/amt-14-1439-2021.
7Correa, P. B., Dias-Júnior, C. Q., Cava, D., Sörgel, M., Botia, S., Acevedo, O., Oliveira, P. E. S., Manzi, A. O., Machado, L. A. T., Martins, H. d. S., Tsokankunku, A., de Araújo, A. C., Lavric, J. V., Walter, D., Mortarini, L. (2021). A case study of a gravity wave induced by Amazon forest orography and low level jet generation. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 307: 108457. doi:10.1016/j.agrformet.2021.108457.
8Prass, M., Andreae, M. O., de Araùjo, A. C., Artaxo, P., Ditas, F., Elbert, W., Franco, M. A., de Angelis, I. H., Kesselmeier, J., Klimach, T., Kremper, L. A., Thines, E., Walter, D., Weber, J., Weber, B., Fuchs, B. M., Pöschl, U., Pöhlker, C. (2021). Bioaerosols in the Amazon rain forest: temporal variations and vertical profiles of Eukarya, Bacteria, and Archaea. Biogeosciences, 18(17), 4873-4887. doi:10.5194/bg-18-4873-2021.
9Serra-Neto, E. M., Martins, H. S., Dias-Júnior, C. Q., Santana, R. A., Brondani, D. V., Manzi, A. O., de Araújo, A. C., Teixeira, P. R., Sörgel, M., Mortarini, L. (2021). Simulation of the scalar transport above and within the Amazon forest canopy. Atmosphere, 12(12): 1631. doi:10.3390/atmos12121631.
10Patade, S., Phillips, V. T. J., Amato, P., Bingemer, H. G., Burrows, S. M., DeMott, P. J., Goncalves, F. L. T., Knopf, D. A., Morris, C. E., Alwmark, C., Artaxo, P., Pöhlker, C., Schrod, J., Weber, B. (2021). Empirical formulation for multiple groups of primary biological ice nucleating particles from field observations over Amazonia. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 78(7), 2195-2220. doi:10.1175/JAS-D-20-0096.1.
11Edtbauer, A., Pfannerstill, E. Y., Florentino, A. P. P., Barbosa, C. G. G., Rodriguez-Caballero, E., Zannoni, N., Alves, R. P., Wolff, S., Tsokankunku, A., Aptroot, A., de Sá, M. O., de Araújo, A. C., Sörgel, M., de Oliveira, S. M., Weber, B., Williams, J. (2021). Cryptogamic organisms are a substantial source and sink for volatile organic compounds in the Amazon region. Communications Earth & Environment, 2: 258. doi:10.1038/s43247-021-00328-y.
12Nogueira, J., Evangelista, H., de Valeriano, C. M., Sifeddine, A., Neto, C., Vaz, G., Moreira, L. S., Cordeiro, R. C., Turcq, B., Aniceto, K. C., Neto, A. B., Martins, G., Barbosa, C. G. G., Godoi, R. H. M., Shimizu, M. H. (2021). Dust arriving in the Amazon basin over the past 7,500 years came from diverse sources. Communications Earth & Environment, 2: 5. doi:10.1038/s43247-020-00071-w.
13Ramsay, R., Di Marco, C. F., Heal, M. R., Sörgel, M., Artaxo, P., Andreae, M. O., Nemitz, E. (2021). Measurement and modelling of the dynamics of NH3 surface-atmosphere exchange over the Amazonian rainforest. Biogeosciences, 18(9), 2809-2825. doi:10.5194/bg-18-2809-2021.
14Souza, F. F. C., Mathai, P. P., Pauliquevis, T., Balsanelli, E., Pedrosa, F. O., Souza, E. M., Baura, V. A., Monteiro, R. A., Cruz, L. M., Souza, R. A. F., Andreae, M. O., Barbosa, C. G. G., Angelis, I. H., Sánchez-Parra, B., P?hlker, C., Weber, B., Ruffi, E., Reis, R. A., Godoik, R. H. M., Sadowsky, M. J., Huergo, L. F. (2021). Influence of seasonality on the aerosol microbiome of the Amazon rainforest. Science of the Total Environment, 760: 144092. doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.144092.
15Nascimento, J. P., Bela, M. M., Meller, B., Banducci, A. L., Rizzo, L. V., Vara-Vela, A. L., Barbosa, H. M. J., Gomes, H., Rafee, S. A. A., Franco, M. A., Carbone, S., Cirino, G. G., Souza, R. A. F., McKeen, S. A., Artaxo, P. (2021). Aerosols from anthropogenic and biogenic sources and their interactions – modeling aerosol formation, optical properties, and impacts over the central Amazon basin. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 21(9), 6755-6779. doi:10.5194/acp-21-6755-2021.

For a complete list of peer-reviewed ATTO publications, go to the ATTO publications page

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