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Max Planck Institut for Biogeochemistry


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Submitted publications

Axel Kleidon (submitted) What limits photosynthesis? Identifying the thermodynamic constraints of the biosphere within the Earth system, Special Issue "21st European Bioenergetics Conference", Biochimica et Biophysica Acta Bioenergetics, preprint available on

Axel Kleidon, Lee Miller (in review) The Kinetic Energy Budget of the Atmosphere (KEBA) model 1.0: A simple yet physical approach for estimating regional wind energy resource potentials that includes the kinetic energy removal effect by wind turbines, Geosci. Model Dev. Discuss.

Annu Panwar, Maik Renner, Axel Kleidon (in review) Imprints of evaporation and vegetation type in diurnal temperature variations, Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci. Discuss., 2020.

Lee Miller, Axel Kleidon (submitted) Europe's onshore wind power potential is substantially overestimated because the atmospheric effects of many wind turbines are not considered. Energy Policy.

Maik Renner, Axel Kleidon, Martyn Clark, Bart Nijssen, Marvin Heidkamp, Martin Best, and Gab Abramowitz (submitted) How well can land-surface models represent the diurnal cycle of turbulent heat fluxes? Journal of Hydrometeorology.

Axel Kleidon (submitted) Empowering the Earth system by technology: Using thermodynamics of the Earth system to illustrate a possible sustainable future of the planet. Wilderer et al. (eds). Violated Earth, Violent Earth: A vicious cycle to be countered by sustainable preservation of life, Springer Publishers, preprint available on

Axel Kleidon, Erwin Zehe, and Ralf Loritz (submitted) ESD Ideas: Structures dominate the functioning of Earth systems, but their dynamics are not well represented. Earth System Dynamics, in discussion.

Axel Kleidon (submitted) Understanding the Earth as a whole system: From the Gaia Hypothesis to Thermodynamic Optimality and Human Societies. Schlaudt and Koenig (eds). Was ist Kosmos? Im Dialog der Disziplinen. Heidelberg Univ. Press. Preprint available on

Alejandra M Carmona, Maik Renner, Axel Kleidon, German Poveda (submitted) Uncertainty of Runoff Sensitivity to Climate Change in the Amazon River Basin. Ann. NY Acad. Sci.

Muye Du, Axel Kleidon, Fubao Sun, Maik Renner, Wenbin Liu (accepted) Stronger Global Warming on Non-rainy Days in Observations from China. Journal of Geophysical Research (Atmospheres), 2020.

Agora Energiewende, Agora Verkehrswende, Technical University of Denmark and Max-Planck-Institute for Biogeochemistry (2020): Making the Most of Offshore Wind: Re-Evaluating the Potential of Offshore Wind in the German North Sea. Agora Energiewende and Agora Verkehrswende, Berlin. Report 176/01-S-2020/EN 36-2020-EN.

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