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Submitted publications

Sarosh Alam Ghausi, Subimal Ghosh, Axel Kleidon (submitted) Radiative cooling by clouds affects the precipitation - temperature scaling derived from observations.

Annu Panwar, Axel Kleidon (submitted) Evaluating the response of diurnal variations in surface and air temperature to evaporative conditions across vegetation types in FLUXNET and ERA5. Journal of Climate.

Liu Fa, Xunming Wang, Fubao Sun, Wenbin Liu, Hong Wang, Tingting Wang, Axel Kleidon (submitted) Estimating the impact of global stilling on wind energy production in China, Applied Energy.

Accepted or in press

Axel Kleidon (accepted) Understanding the Earth as a whole system: From the Gaia Hypothesis to Thermodynamic Optimality and Human Societies. Schlaudt and Koenig (eds). Was ist Kosmos? Im Dialog der Disziplinen. Heidelberg Univ. Press. Preprint available on

Thomas Turnball, Nikos Katsikis, Maik Renner, Annu Panwar, Axel Kleidon (in press) Human alteration of energy flows within the Mississippi River Basin, Anthropocene Review.

Axel Kleidon (in press) Empowering the Earth system by technology: Using thermodynamics of the Earth system to illustrate a possible sustainable future of the planet. Wilderer et al. (eds). Violated Earth, Violent Earth: A vicious cycle to be countered by sustainable preservation of life, Springer Publishers, preprint available on

Axel Kleidon (in press) Was begrenzt das Leben? Thermodynamik und Photosynthese im Erdsystem, Physik in unserer Zeit.

Axel Kleidon (2021) Physical limits of wind energy within the atmosphere and its use as renewable energy: From the theoretical basis to practical implications, Meteorologische Zeitschrift, 30, 203–225.

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