Total of 105 journal articles and 8 book chapters.

Journal articles


  1. Chanca, I., Levin, I., Trumbore, S., Macario, K., Lavric, J., Quesada, C. A., Carioca de Araújo, A., Quaresma Dias Júnior, C., van Asperen, H., Hammer, S., & Sierra, C. (2024). How long does carbon stay in a near-pristine central Amazon forest? An empirical estimate with radiocarbon. EGUsphere, 2024, 1–23.
  2. Ramirez, J. A., Craven, D., Herrera, D., Posada, J. M., Reu, B., Sierra, C. A., Hoch, G., Handa, I. T., & Messier, C. (2024). Non-structural carbohydrate concentrations in tree organs vary across biomes and leaf habits, but are independent of the fast-slow plant economic spectrum. Frontiers in Plant Science, 15.
  3. von Fromm, S. F., Hoyt, A. M., Sierra, C. A., Georgiou, K., Doetterl, S., & Trumbore, S. E. (2024). Controls and relationships of soil organic carbon abundance and persistence vary across pedo-climatic regions. Global Change Biology, 30(5), e17320.
  4. Tangarife-Escobar, A., Guggenberger, G., Feng, X., Dai, G., Urbina-Malo, C., Azizi-Rad, M., & Sierra, C. A. (2024). Moisture and temperature effects on the radiocarbon signature of respired carbon dioxide to assess stability of soil carbon in the Tibetan Plateau. Biogeosciences, 21(5), 1277–1299.
  5. Wang, G., Wang, M., Xiao, L., Sierra, C. A., Chang, J., Shi, Z., & Luo, Z. (2024). Fast Transit of Carbon Inputs in Global Soil Profiles Regardless of Entering Depth. Earth’s Future, 12(2), e2023EF003982.
  6. Sierra, C. A., Ahrens, B., Bolinder, M. A., Braakhekke, M. C., von Fromm, S., Kätterer, T., Luo, Z., Parvin, N., & Wang, G. (2024). Carbon sequestration in the subsoil and the time required to stabilize carbon for climate change mitigation. Global Change Biology, 30(1), e17153.
  7. Estupinan-Suarez, L. M., Mahecha, M. D., Brenning, A., Kraemer, G., Poveda, G., Reichstein, M., & Sierra, C. A. (2024). Spatial Patterns of Vegetation Activity Related to ENSO in Northern South America. Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences, 129(1), e2022JG007344.
  8. Muñoz Estefanı́a, Chanca, I., González-Sosa, M., Sarquis Agustı́n, Tangarife-Escobar, A., & Sierra, C. A. (2024). On the importance of time in carbon sequestration in soils and climate change mitigation. Global Change Biology, 30(3), e17229.


  1. Muñoz, E., & Sierra, C. A. (2023). Deterministic and stochastic components of atmospheric CO2 inside forest canopies and consequences for predicting carbon and water exchange. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 341, 109624.
  2. Spohn, M., Braun, S., & Sierra, C. A. (2023). Continuous decrease in soil organic matter despite increased plant productivity in an 80-years-old phosphorus-addition experiment. Communications Earth & Environment, 4(1), 251.
  3. Sarquis, A., & Sierra, C. A. (2023). Information content in time series of litter decomposition studies and the transit time of litter in arid lands. Biogeosciences, 20(9), 1759–1771.
  4. Jia, J., Liu, Z., Haghipour, N., Wacker, L., Zhang, H., Sierra, C. A., Ma, T., Wang, Y., Chen, L., Luo, A., Wang, Z., He, J.-S., Zhao, M., Eglinton, T. I., & Feng, X. (2023). Molecular 14C evidence for contrasting turnover and temperature sensitivity of soil organic matter components. Ecology Letters, 26(5), 778–788.
  5. Giraldo, J. A., del Valle, J. I., González-Caro, S., David, D. A., Taylor, T., Tobón, C., & Sierra, C. A. (2023). Tree growth periodicity in the ever-wet tropical forest of the Americas. Journal of Ecology, 111(4), 889–902.
  6. Scheibe, A., Sierra, C. A., & Spohn, M. (2023). Recently fixed carbon fuels microbial activity several meters below the soil surface. Biogeosciences, 20(4), 827–838.
  7. Sierra, C. A. (2023). Recurrence in Lissajous Curves and the Visual Representation of Tuning Systems. Foundations of Science.
  8. Stoner, S. W., Schrumpf, M., Hoyt, A., Sierra, C. A., Doetterl, S., Galy, V., & Trumbore, S. (2023). How well does ramped thermal oxidation quantify the age distribution of soil carbon? Assessing thermal stability of physically and chemically fractionated soil organic matter. Biogeosciences, 20(15), 3151–3163.
  9. González Sosa, M., Sierra, C. A., Quincke, J. A., Baethgen, W. E., Trumbore, S., & Pravia, M. V. (2023). High capacity of integrated crop-pasture systems to preserve old stable carbon evaluated in a 60-year-old experiment. EGUsphere, preprint, 1–28.
  10. Muñoz Estefanı́a, Chanca, I., & Sierra, C. A. (2023). Increased atmospheric CO2 and the transit time of carbon in terrestrial ecosystems. Global Change Biology, 29(23), 6441–6452.
  11. Herrera-Ramı́rez David, Hartmann, H., Römermann, C., Trumbore, S., Muhr, J., Maracahipes-Santos, L., Brando, P., Silvério, D., Huang, J., Kuhlmann, I., & Sierra, C. A. (2023). Anatomical distribution of starch in the stemwood influences carbon dynamics and suggests storage-growth trade-offs in some tropical trees. Journal of Ecology, 111(11), 2532–2548.
  12. Eglinton, T. I., Graven, H. D., Raymond, P. A., Trumbore, S. E., Aluwihare, L., Bard, E., Basu, S., Friedlingstein, P., Hammer, S., Lester, J., Sanderman, J., Schuur, E. A. G., Sierra, C. A., Synal, H.-A., Turnbull, J. C., & Wacker, L. (2023). Making the case for an International Decade of Radiocarbon. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, 381(2261), 20230081.
  13. Stoner, S., Trumbore, S. E., González-Pérez, J. A., Schrumpf, M., Sierra, C. A., Hoyt, A. M., Chadwick, O., & Doetterl, S. (2023). Relating mineral–organic matter stabilization mechanisms to carbon quality and age distributions using ramped thermal analysis. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, 381(2261), 20230139.
  14. Sierra, C. A., Quetin, G. R., Metzler, H., & Müller, M. (2023). A decrease in the age of respired carbon from the terrestrial biosphere and increase in the asymmetry of its distribution. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, 381(2261), 20220200.
  15. Metzler, H., & Sierra, C. A. (2023). Information content and maximum entropy of compartmental systems in equilibrium. ArXiv.


  1. Wells, J. M., Crow, S. E., Sierra, C. A., Deenik, J. L., Carlson, K. M., Meki, M. N., & Kiniry, J. (2022). Edaphic controls of soil organic carbon in tropical agricultural landscapes. Scientific Reports, 12(1), 21574.
  2. Crow, S. E., & Sierra, C. A. (2022). The climate benefit of sequestration in soils for warming mitigation. Biogeochemistry, 161, 71–84.
  3. Sierra, C. A., Ceballos-Núñez, V., Hartmann, H., Herrera-Ramı́rez D., & Metzler, H. (2022). Ideas and perspectives: Allocation of carbon from net primary production in models is inconsistent with observations of the age of respired carbon. Biogeosciences, 19(16), 3727–3738.
  4. Luo, Y., Huang, Y., Sierra, C. A., Xia, J., Ahlström, A., Chen, Y., Hararuk, O., Hou, E., Jiang, L., Liao, C., Lu, X., Shi, Z., Smith, B., Tao, F., & Wang, Y.-P. (2022). Matrix Approach to Land Carbon Cycle Modeling. Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, 14(7), e2022MS003008.
  5. Xiao, L., Wang, G., Wang, M., Zhang, S., Sierra, C. A., Guo, X., Chang, J., Shi, Z., & Luo, Z. (2022). Younger carbon dominates global soil carbon efflux. Global Change Biology, 28(18), 5587–5599.
  6. Salazar, A., Sanchez, A., Dukes, J. S., Salazar, J. F., Clerici, N., Lasso, E., Sánchez-Pacheco, S. J., Ángela M. Rendón, Villegas, J. C., Sierra, C. A., Poveda, G., Quesada, B., Uribe, M. R., Rodrı́guez-Buriticá Susana, Ungar, P., Pulido-Santacruz, P., Ruiz-Morato, N., & Arias, P. A. (2022). Peace and the environment at the crossroads: Elections in a conflict-troubled biodiversity hotspot. Environmental Science & Policy, 135, 77–85.
  7. Vásquez, M., Lara, W., del Valle, J. I., & Sierra, C. A. (2022). Reconstructing past fossil-fuel CO_2 concentrations using tree rings and radiocarbon in the urban area of Medellı́n, Colombia. Environmental Research Letters, 17(5), 055008.
  8. Chanca, I., Trumbore, S., Macario, K., & Sierra, C. A. (2022). Probability distributions of radiocarbon in open linear compartmental systems at steady-state. Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences, 127(3), e2021JG006673.
  9. Sarquis, A., Siebenhart, I. A., Austin, A. T., & Sierra, C. A. (2022). Aridec: an open database of litter mass loss from aridlands worldwide with recommendations on suitable model applications. Earth System Science Data, 14(7), 3471–3488.
  10. Giraldo, J. A., del Valle, J. I., González-Caro, S., & Sierra, C. A. (2022). Intra-annual isotope variations in tree rings reveal growth rhythms within the least rainy season of an ever-wet tropical forest. Trees, 36(3), 1039–1052.
  11. Heckman, K., Hicks Pries, C. E., Lawrence, C. R., Rasmussen, C., Crow, S. E., Hoyt, A. M., von Fromm, S. F., Shi, Z., Stoner, S., McGrath, C., Beem-Miller, J., Berhe, A. A., Blankinship, J. C., Keiluweit, M., Marı́n-Spiotta Erika, Monroe, J. G., Plante, A. F., Schimel, J., Sierra, C. A., … Wagai, R. (2022). Beyond bulk: Density fractions explain heterogeneity in global soil carbon abundance and persistence. Global Change Biology, 28(3), 1178–1196.
  12. Azizi-Rad, M., Guggenberger, G., Ma, Y., & Sierra, C. A. (2022). Sensitivity of soil respiration rate with respect to temperature, moisture and oxygen under freezing and thawing. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 165, 108488.


  1. Sierra, C. A., Crow, S. E., Heimann, M., Metzler, H., & Schulze, E.-D. (2021). The climate benefit of carbon sequestration. Biogeosciences, 18(3), 1029–1048.
  2. Stoner, S. W., Hoyt, A. M., Trumbore, S., Sierra, C. A., Schrumpf, M., Doetterl, S., Baisden, W. T., & Schipper, L. A. (2021). Soil organic matter turnover rates increase to match increased inputs in grazed grasslands. Biogeochemistry, 156(1), 145–160.
  3. Sierra, C. A., Estupinan-Suarez, L. M., & Chanca, I. (2021). The fate and transit time of carbon in a tropical forest. Journal of Ecology, 109(8), 2845–2855.
  4. Estupinan-Suarez, L. M., Gans, F., Brenning, A., Gutierrez-Velez, V. H., Londono, M. C., Pabon-Moreno, D. E., Poveda, G., Reichstein, M., Reu, B., Sierra, C. A., Weber, U., & Mahecha, M. D. (2021). A Regional Earth System Data Lab for Understanding Ecosystem Dynamics: An Example from Tropical South America. Frontiers in Earth Science, 9, 574.
  5. Azizi-Rad, M., Chanca, I., Herrera-Ramírez, D., Metzler, H., & Sierra, C. A. (2021). Stochastic and deterministic interpretation of pool models. Global Change Biology, 27(11), 2271–2272.
  6. Sierra, C. A., Metzler, H., Müller, M., & Kaiser, E. (2021). Closed-loop and congestion control of the global carbon-climate system. Climatic Change, 165(1), 15.
  7. Herrera-Ramírez, D., Sierra, C. A., Römermann, C., Muhr, J., Trumbore, S., Silvério, D., Brando, P. M., & Hartmann, H. (2021). Starch and lipid storage strategies in tropical trees relate to growth and mortality. New Phytologist, 230(1), 139–154.
  8. Uribe, M. R., Sierra, C. A., & Dukes, J. S. (2021). Seasonality of Tropical Photosynthesis: A Pantropical Map of Correlations With Precipitation and Radiation and Comparison to Model Outputs. Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences, 126(11), e2020JG006123.


  1. Lawrence, C. R., Beem-Miller, J., Hoyt, A. M., Monroe, G., Sierra, C. A., Stoner, S., Heckman, K., Blankinship, J. C., Crow, S. E., McNicol, G., Trumbore, S., Levine, P. A., Vindušková, O., Todd-Brown, K., Rasmussen, C., Hicks Pries, C. E., Schädel, C., McFarlane, K., Doetterl, S., … Wagai, R. (2020). An open-source database for the synthesis of soil radiocarbon data: International Soil Radiocarbon Database (ISRaD) version 1.0. Earth System Science Data, 12(1), 61–76.
  2. Crow, S. E., Wells, J. M., Sierra, C. A., Youkhana, A. H., Ogoshi, R. M., Richardson, D., Tallamy Glazer, C., Meki, M. N., & Kiniry, J. R. (2020). Carbon flow through energycane agroecosystems established post-intensive agriculture. GCB Bioenergy, 12(10), 806–817.
  3. Jiménez, E. M., Peñuela-Mora Marı́a Cristina, Moreno, F., & Sierra, C. A. (2020). Spatial and temporal variation of forest net primary productivity components on contrasting soils in northwestern Amazon. Ecosphere, 11(8), e03233.
  4. Ceballos-Núñez, V., Müller, M., & Sierra, C. A. (2020). Towards better representations of carbon allocation in vegetation: a conceptual framework and mathematical tool. Theoretical Ecology, 13(3), 317–332.
  5. Schädel, C., Beem-Miller, J., Aziz Rad, M., Crow, S. E., Hicks Pries, C. E., Ernakovich, J., Hoyt, A. M., Plante, A., Stoner, S., Treat, C. C., & Sierra, C. A. (2020). Decomposability of soil organic matter over time: the Soil Incubation Database (SIDb, version 1.0) and guidance for incubation procedures. Earth System Science Data, 12(3), 1511–1524.
  6. Herrera-Ramírez, D., Muhr, J., Hartmann, H., Römermann, C., Trumbore, S., & Sierra, C. A. (2020). Probability distributions of nonstructural carbon ages and transit times provide insights into carbon allocation dynamics of mature trees. New Phytologist, 226(5), 1299–1311.
  7. Linscheid, N., Estupinan-Suarez, L. M., Brenning, A., Carvalhais, N., Cremer, F., Gans, F., Rammig, A., Reichstein, M., Sierra, C. A., & Mahecha, M. D. (2020). Towards a global understanding of vegetation–climate dynamics at multiple timescales. Biogeosciences, 17(4), 945–962.
  8. Schulze, E. D., Sierra, C. A., Egenolf, V., Woerdehoff, R., Irslinger, R., Baldamus, C., Stupak, I., & Spellmann, H. (2020). The climate change mitigation effect of bioenergy from sustainably managed forests in Central Europe. GCB Bioenergy, 12(3), 186–197.
  9. Kattge, J., Bönisch, G., Dı́az Sandra, Lavorel, S., Prentice, I. C., Leadley, P., Tautenhahn, S., Werner, G. D. A., Aakala, T., Abedi, M., Acosta, A. T. R., Adamidis, G. C., Adamson, K., Aiba, M., Albert, C. H., Alcántara, J. M., Alcázar C, C., Aleixo, I., Ali, H., … Wirth, C. (2020). TRY plant trait database –enhanced coverage and open access. Global Change Biology, 26(1), 119–188.
  10. Metzler, H., Zhu, Q., Riley, W., Hoyt, A., Müller, M., & Sierra, C. A. (2020). Mathematical Reconstruction of Land Carbon Models From Their Numerical Output: Computing Soil Radiocarbon From C Dynamics. Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, 12(1), e2019MS001776.


  1. Salazar, A., Sanchez, A., Villegas, J. C., Salazar, J. F., Ruiz Carrascal, D., Sitch, S., Restrepo Juan Darı́o, Poveda, G., Feeley, K. J., Mercado, L. M., Arias, P. A., Sierra, C. A., Uribe, M. del R., Rendón, A. M., Pérez, J. C., Murray Tortarolo, G., Mercado-Bettin, D., Posada, J. A., Zhuang, Q., & Dukes, J. S. (2018). The ecology of peace: preparing Colombia for new political and planetary climates. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, 16(9), 525–531.
  2. Sierra, C. A., Hoyt, A. M., He, Y., & Trumbore, S. E. (2018). Soil Organic Matter Persistence as a Stochastic Process: Age and Transit Time Distributions of Carbon in Soils. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 32(10), 1574–1588.
  3. Völkel, H., Bolivar, J. M., & Sierra, C. A. (2018). Stabilization of carbon in mineral soils from mangroves of the Sinú river delta, Colombia. Wetlands Ecology and Management, 26(5), 931–942.
  4. Sierra, C. A., Ceballos-Núñez, V., Metzler, H., & Müller, M. (2018). Representing and Understanding the Carbon Cycle Using the Theory of Compartmental Dynamical Systems. Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, 10(8), 1729–1734.
  5. Sierra, C. A. (2018). Forecasting Atmospheric Radiocarbon Decline to Pre-Bomb Values. Radiocarbon, 60(4), 1055–1066.
  6. Blankinship, J. C., Berhe, A. A., Crow, S. E., Druhan, J. L., Heckman, K. A., Keiluweit, M., Lawrence, C. R., Marı́n-Spiotta Erika, Plante, A. F., Rasmussen, C., Schädel, C., Schimel, J. P., Sierra, C. A., Thompson, A., Wagai, R., & Wieder, W. R. (2018). Improving understanding of soil organic matter dynamics by triangulating theories, measurements, and models. Biogeochemistry, 140(1), 1–13.
  7. Boone, L., linden, V. V., Roldán-Ruiz, I., Sierra, C. A., Vandecasteele, B., Sleutel, S., Meester, S. D., Muylle, H., & Dewulf, J. (2018). Introduction of a natural resource balance indicator to assess soil organic carbon management: Agricultural Biomass Productivity Benefit. Journal of Environmental Management, 224, 202–214.
  8. Crow, S. E., & Sierra, C. A. (2018). Dynamic, Intermediate Soil Carbon Pools May Drive Future Responsiveness to Environmental Change. Journal of Environmental Quality, 47(4), 607–616.
  9. Spohn, M., & Sierra, C. A. (2018). How long do elements cycle in terrestrial ecosystems? Biogeochemistry, 139(1), 69–83.
  10. Crow, S. E., Deem, L. M., Sierra, C. A., & Wells, J. M. (2018). Belowground Carbon Dynamics in Tropical Perennial C4 Grass Agroecosystems. Frontiers in Environmental Science, 6, 18.
  11. Ceballos-Núñez, V., Richardson, A. D., & Sierra, C. A. (2018). Ages and transit times as important diagnostics of model performance for predicting carbon dynamics in terrestrial vegetation models. Biogeosciences, 15(5), 1607–1625.
  12. Bolivar, J. M., Gutierrez-Velez, V. H., & Sierra, C. A. (2018). Carbon stocks in aboveground biomass for Colombian mangroves with associated uncertainties. Regional Studies in Marine Science, 18, 145–155.
  13. Rasmussen, C., Heckman, K., Wieder, W. R., Keiluweit, M., Lawrence, C. R., Berhe, A. A., Blankinship, J. C., Crow, S. E., Druhan, J. L., Hicks Pries, C. E., Marin-Spiotta, E., Plante, A. F., Schädel, C., Schimel, J. P., Sierra, C. A., Thompson, A., & Wagai, R. (2018). Beyond clay: towards an improved set of variables for predicting soil organic matter content. Biogeochemistry, 137(3), 297–306.
  14. McDowell, N., Allen, C. D., Anderson-Teixeira, K., Brando, P., Brienen, R., Chambers, J., Christoffersen, B., Davies, S., Doughty, C., Duque, A., Espirito-Santo, F., Fisher, R., Fontes, C. G., Galbraith, D., Goodsman, D., Grossiord, C., Hartmann, H., Holm, J., Johnson, D. J., … Xu, X. (2018). Drivers and mechanisms of tree mortality in moist tropical forests. New Phytologist, 219(3), 851–869.
  15. Metzler, H., Müller, M., & Sierra, C. A. (2018). Transit-time and age distributions for nonlinear time-dependent compartmental systems. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 115(6), 1150–1155.
  16. Metzler, H., & Sierra, C. A. (2018). Linear Autonomous Compartmental Models as Continuous-Time Markov Chains: Transit-Time and Age Distributions. Mathematical Geosciences, 50(1), 1–34.


  1. Müller, M., & Sierra, C. A. (2017). Application of input to state stability to reservoir models. Theoretical Ecology, 10, 451–475.
  2. Sierra, C. A., Mahecha, M., Poveda, G., Álvarez-Dávila, E., Gutierrez-Velez Vı́ctor H., Reu, B., Feilhauer, H., Anáya, J., Armenteras, D., Benavides, A. M., Buendia, C., Álvaro Duque, Estupiñan-Suarez, L. M., González, C., Gonzalez-Caro, S., Jimenez, R., Kraemer, G., Londoño, M. C., Orrego, S. A., … Skowronek, S. (2017). Monitoring ecological change during rapid socio-economic and political transitions: Colombian ecosystems in the post-conflict era. Environmental Science & Policy, 76, 40–49.
  3. Sierra, C. A., Müller, M., Metzler, H., Manzoni, S., & Trumbore, S. E. (2017). The muddle of ages, turnover, transit, and residence times in the carbon cycle. Global Change Biology, 23(5), 1763–1773.
  4. Sierra, C. A., Malghani, S., & Loescher, H. W. (2017). Interactions among temperature, moisture, and oxygen concentrations in controlling decomposition rates in a boreal forest soil. Biogeosciences, 14(3), 703–710.


  1. Wiesmeier, M., Poeplau, C., Sierra, C. A., Maier, H., Frühauf, C., Hübner, R., Kühnel, A., Spörlein, P., Geuß, U., Hangen, E., Schilling, B., von Lützow, M., & Kögel-Knabner, I. (2016). Projected loss of soil organic carbon in temperate agricultural soils in the 21st century: effects of climate change and carbon input trends. Scientific Reports, 6, 32525 EP.
  2. Luo, Y., Ahlström, A., Allison, S. D., Batjes, N. H., Brovkin, V., Carvalhais, N., Chappell, A., Ciais, P., Davidson, E. A., Finzi, A., Georgiou, K., Guenet, B., Hararuk, O., Harden, J. W., He, Y., Hopkins, F., Jiang, L., Koven, C., Jackson, R. B., … Zhou, T. (2016). Toward more realistic projections of soil carbon dynamics by Earth system models. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 30(1), 40–56.


  1. Lara, W., Bravo, F., & Sierra, C. A. (2015). measuRing: an R package to measure tree-ring widths from scanned images. Dendrochronologia, 34, 43–50.
  2. Trumbore, S., Czimczik, C. I., Sierra, C. A., Muhr, J., & Xu, X. (2015). Non-structural carbon dynamics and allocation relate to growth rate and leaf habit in California oaks. Tree Physiology, 35(11), 1206–1222.
  3. Sierra, C. A., Malghani, S., & Müller, M. (2015). Model structure and parameter identification of soil organic matter models. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 90, 197–203.
  4. Sierra, C. A., & Müller, M. (2015). A general mathematical framework for representing soil organic matter dynamics. Ecological Monographs, 85, 505–524.
  5. Lange, M., Eisenhauer, N., Sierra, C. A., Bessler, H., Engels, C., Griffiths, R. I., Mellado-Vazquez, P. G., Malik, A. A., Roy, J., Scheu, S., Steinbeiss, S., Thomson, B. C., Trumbore, S. E., & Gleixner, G. (2015). Plant diversity increases soil microbial activity and soil carbon storage. Nature Communications, 6.
  6. Sierra, C. A., Trumbore, S. E., Davidson, E. A., Vicca, S., & Janssens, I. (2015). Sensitivity of decomposition rates of soil organic matter with respect to simultaneous changes in temperature and moisture. Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, 7(1), 335–356.
  7. Crow, S. E., Reeves, M., Schubert, O. S., & Sierra, C. A. (2015). Optimization of method to quantify soil organic matter dynamics and carbon sequestration potential in volcanic ash soils. Biogeochemistry, 123(1-2), 27–47.


  1. del Valle, J., Guarı́n Juan, & Sierra, C. (2014). Unambiguous and Low-Cost Determination of Growth Rates and Ages of Tropical Trees and Palms. Radiocarbon, 56(1), 39–52.
  2. Jiménez, E. M., Peñuela-Mora Marı́a Cristina, Sierra, C. A., Lloyd, J., Phillips, O. L., Moreno, F. H., Navarrete, D., Prieto, A., Rudas Agustı́n, Álvarez, E., Quesada, C. A., Grande-Ortı́z Maria Angeles, Garcı́a-Abril Antonio, & Patiño, S. (2014). Edaphic controls on ecosystem-level carbon allocation in two contrasting Amazon forests. Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences, 119(9), 1820–1830.
  3. Sierra, C. A., Müller, M., & Trumbore, S. E. (2014). Modeling radiocarbon dynamics in soils: SoilR version 1.1. Geoscientific Model Development, 7(5), 1919–1931.
  4. Guarín, J. R., del Valle, J. I., & Sierra, C. A. (2014). Establishment phase, spatial pattern, age, and demography of Oenocarpus bataua var. bataua can be a legacy of past loggings in the Colombian Andes. Forest Ecology and Management, 328(0), 282–291.


  1. Wäldchen, J., Schulze, E.-D., Schöning, I., Schrumpf, M., & Sierra, C. (2013). The influence of changes in forest management over the past 200 years on present soil organic carbon stocks. Forest Ecology and Management, 289(0), 243–254.
  2. Sierra, C. A., Jiménez, E. M., Reu, B., Peñuela, M. C., Thuille, A., & Quesada, C. A. (2013). Low vertical transfer rates of carbon inferred from radiocarbon analysis in an Amazon Podzol. Biogeosciences, 10(6), 3455–3464.
  3. Schöning, I., Grüneberg, E., Sierra, C. A., Hessenmöller, D., Schrumpf, M., Weisser, W. W., & Schulze, E.-D. (2013). Causes of variation in mineral soil C content and turnover in differently managed beech dominated forests. Plant and Soil, 370(1-2), 625–639.


  1. Sierra, C. A., Trumbore, S. E., Davidson, E. A., Frey, S. D., Savage, K. E., & Hopkins, F. M. (2012). Predicting decadal trends and transient responses of radiocarbon storage and fluxes in a temperate forest soil. Biogeosciences, 9(8), 3013–3028.
  2. Zapata-Cuartas, M., Sierra, C. A., & Alleman, L. (2012). Probability distribution of allometric coefficients and Bayesian estimation of aboveground tree biomass. Forest Ecology and Management, 277(0), 173–179.
  3. Sierra, C. (2012). Temperature sensitivity of organic matter decomposition in the Arrhenius equation: some theoretical considerations. Biogeochemistry, 108(1), 1–15.
  4. Sierra, C., del Valle, J., & Restrepo, H. (2012). Total carbon accumulation in a tropical forest landscape. Carbon Balance and Management, 7(1), 12.
  5. Krankina, O. N., Harmon, M. E., Schnekenburger, F., & Sierra, C. A. (2012). Carbon balance on federal forest lands of Western Oregon and Washington: The impact of the Northwest Forest Plan. Forest Ecology and Management, 286(0), 171–182.
  6. Sierra, C. A., Müller, M., & Trumbore, S. E. (2012). Models of soil organic matter decomposition: the SoilR package, version 1.0. Geosci. Model Dev., 5(4), 1045–1060.


  1. Sierra, C. A., Harmon, M. E., & Perakis, S. S. (2011). Decomposition of heterogeneous organic matter and its long-term stabilization in soils. Ecological Monographs, 81(4), 619–634.
  2. Sierra, C. A., Harmon, M. E., Thomann, E., Perakis, S. S., & Loescher, H. W. (2011). Amplification and dampening of soil respiration by changes in temperature variability. Biogeosciences, 8(4), 951–961.
  3. Cleveland, C. C., Townsend, A. R., Taylor, P., Alvarez-Clare, S., Bustamante, M. M. C., Chuyong, G., Dobrowski, S. Z., Grierson, P., Harms, K. E., Houlton, B. Z., Marklein, A., Parton, W., Porder, S., Reed, S. C., Sierra, C. A., Silver, W. L., Tanner, E. V. J., & Wieder, W. R. (2011). Relationships among net primary productivity, nutrients and climate in tropical rain forest: a pan-tropical analysis. Ecology Letters, 14(9), 939–947.


  1. Sierra, C. A., & Yepes, A. P. (2010). Development of Global Change Research in Developing Countries: Ecosystems and Global Change in the Context of the Neotropics; Medellı́n, Colombia, 19–20 May 2010. Eos, Transactions American Geophysical Union, 91(41), 373–374.


  1. Sierra, C. A., Loescher, H. W., Harmon, M. E., Richardson, A. D., Hollinger, D. Y., & Perakis, S. S. (2009). Interannual variation of carbon fluxes from three contrasting evergreen forests: the role of forest dynamics and climate. Ecology, 90(10), 2711–2723.


  1. Sierra, C. A., Harmon, M. E., Moreno, F. H., Orrego, S. A., & del Valle, J. I. (2007). Spatial and temporal variability of net ecosystem production in a tropical forest: testing the hypothesis of a significant carbon sink. Global Change Biology, 13(4), 838–853.
  2. Luyssaert, S., Inglima, I., Jung, M., Richardson, A. D., Reichstein, M., Papale, D., Piao, S. L., Schulze, E. D., Wingate, L., Matteucci, G., Aragao, L., Aubinet, M., Beer, C., Bernhofer, C., Black, K. G., Bonal, D., Bonnefond, J. M., Chambers, J., Ciais, P., … Janssens, I. A. (2007). CO_2 balance of boreal, temperate, and tropical forests derived from a global database. Global Change Biology, 13(12), 2509–2537.
  3. Sierra, C. A., del Valle, J. I., Orrego, S. A., Moreno, F. H., Harmon, M. E., Zapata, M., Colorado, G. J., Herrera, M. A., Lara, W., Restrepo, D. E., Berrouet, L. M., Loaiza, L. M., & Benjumea, J. F. (2007). Total carbon stocks in a tropical forest landscape of the Porce region, Colombia. Forest Ecology and Management, 243(2-3), 299–309.


  1. Gutiérrez Vı́ctor Hugo, Zapata, M., Sierra, C., Laguado, W., & Santacruz Alı́. (2006). Maximizing the profitability of forestry projects under the Clean Development Mechanism using a forest management optimization model. Forest Ecology and Management, 226(1–3), 341–350.


  1. Sierra, C. A., del Valle, J. I., & Orrego, S. A. (2003). Accounting for fine root mass sample losses in the washing process: a case study from a tropical montane forest of Colombia. Journal of Tropical Ecology, 19, 599–601.

Book Chapters

  1. Sierra, C. A. (2023). Time Characteristics of Compartmental Systems. In Y. Luo & B. Smith (Eds.), Land Carbon Cycle Modeling: Matrix Approach, Data Assimilation, & Ecological Forecasting (pp. 123–127). CRC Press.
  2. Sierra, C. A. (2023). Compartmental Dynamical Systems and Carbon Cycle Models. In Y. Luo & B. Smith (Eds.), Land Carbon Cycle Modeling: Matrix Approach, Data Assimilation, & Ecological Forecasting (pp. 57–64). CRC Press.
  3. Riley, W. J., Sierra, C. A., Tang, J., Bouskill, N. J., Zhu, Q., & Abramoff, R. Z. (2022). NEXT-GENERATION SOIL BIOGEOCHEMISTRY MODEL REPRESENTATIONS. In Multi‐Scale Biogeochemical Processes in Soil Ecosystems (pp. 233–257). John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
  4. Sierra, C. A., & Crow, S. E. (2022). Modeling Soil Organic Carbon Dynamics, Carbon Sequestration, and the Climate Benefit of Sequestration. In C. Rumpell (Ed.), Understanding and fostering soil carbon sequestration. Burleigh Dodds Science Publishing.
  5. Giraldo, J. A., del Valle, J. I., Sierra, C. A., & Melo, O. (2020). Dendrochronological Potential of Trees from America’s Rainiest Region. In Pompa-Garcia Marı́n & J. J. Camarero (Eds.), Latin American Dendroecology: Combining Tree-Ring Sciences and Ecology in a Megadiverse Territory (pp. 79–119). Springer International Publishing.
  6. Sierra, C. A. (2019). Approaches to Model Processes at the Ecosystem Level. In E.-D. Schulze, E. Beck, N. Buchmann, S. Clemens, K. Müller-Hohenstein, & M. Scherer-Lorenzen (Eds.), Plant Ecology (pp. 513–527). Springer Berlin Heidelberg.
  7. Wells, J. M., Crow, S. E., Meki, M. N., Sierra, C. A., Carlson, K. M., Youkhana, A., Richardson, D., & Deem, L. (2017). Maximizing Soil Carbon Sequestration: Assessing Procedural Barriers to Carbon Management in Cultivated Tropical Perennial Grass Systems. In Y. Yun (Ed.), Recent Advances in Carbon Capture and Storage. InTech.
  8. Trumbore, S. E., Sierra, C. A., & Hicks Pries, C. E. (2016). Radiocarbon Nomenclature, Theory, Models, and Interpretation: Measuring Age, Determining Cycling Rates, and Tracing Source Pools. In A. G. E. Schuur, E. Druffel, & E. S. Trumbore (Eds.), Radiocarbon and Climate Change: Mechanisms, Applications and Laboratory Techniques (pp. 45–82). Springer International Publishing.

PhD and Master theses

  1. Azizi-Rad, M. (2022). Sensitivity of soil organic carbon to the change in climate on the Tibetan Plateau [PhD thesis, Hannover : Institutionelles Repositorium der Leibniz Universität Hannover;].
  2. Chanca, I. (2022). Theoretical and experimental approaches using 14C for estimating system diagnostic times in the central Amazon rainforest [PhD thesis, Instituto de Fisica, Universidade Federal Fluminense].
  3. Herrera-Ramı́rez David. (2021). Dynamics of non-structural carbohydrates in tropical trees and wood functional traits [PhD thesis, Dissertation, Friedrich-Schiller-Universität Jena, 2021].
  4. Metzler, H. (2020). Compartmental systems as Markov chains : age, transit time, and entropy (T. Oertel-Jäger, I. Pavlyukevich, & C. Sierra, Eds.) [PhD thesis, Friedrich-Schiller-Universiät Jena].
  5. Ceballos-Núñez, V. (2018). Nonlinearities in Carbon Allocation and Vegetation Functioning Dissertation (pp. 124 p.) [PhD thesis, Friedrich-Schiller-Universiät Jena].
  6. Völkel, H. (2016). Mineral-associated carbon in mangrove ecosystems in the Sinú river delta, Colombia (pp. VII, 74 S.) [Master's thesis, Friedrich-Schiller-Universiät Jena].
  7. Jimenez-Rojas, E. M. (2013). Carbon allocation in north-western Amazon forests (Colombia) [PhD thesis, Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenierı́a de Montes, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid].