Max Planck Gesellschaft

Marion Schrumpf

MPI for Biogeochemistry
Department of Biogeochemical Processes and Department of Biogeochemical Integration

Group Leader Soil Biogeochemistry
Interdepartmental group of the Departments for Biogeochemical Processes and Biogeochemical Integration
Room: B2.015
Phone: +49 3641 576182
Fax: +49 3641 577200

Email: mschrumpf(at)
Street address: Hans Knöll Str. 10, 07745 Jena, Germany
P.O. Box: 10 01 64, 07701, Jena, Germany

Curriculum Vitae

Research Interests

Soil carbon monitoring and modelling
Mechanisms determining soil OC stabilization and mobilization
Climate change, land use and biodiversity effects on soil organic matter storage and turnover
Tropical mountain rainforest soils and ecosystem fluxes

Academic Career

since 2004 Postdoctoral Researcher/Scientist
Max-Planck-Institute for Biogeochemistry, Department for Biogeochemical Processes, Jena
1999 - 2004 PhD studies (Dr rer. nat.)
Biogeochemical Investigations in Old Growth and Disturbed Forest Sites at Mt. Kilimanjaro. Supervisor: Professor Wolfgang Zech, Department of Soil Science, University of Bayreuth
1993 - 1999 Studies in Geo-ecology (Diplom)
University of Bayreuth. Area of specialization: soil science and agroecology, microbiology, forest ecology, geology
Diploma thesis on the genesis, classification and nutrient contents of tropical soils along an altitudinal gradient in the Ecuadorian Andes


Publications in peer-reviewed journals

Wutzler, T., Zaehle, S., Schrumpf, M., Reichstein, M. (2017): Adaptation of microbial resource allocation affects modelled long term soil organic matter and nutrient cycling. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 115, 322-336, DOI: 10.1016/j.soilbio.2017.08.03

Sorkau, E., Boch, S., Boeddinghaus, R., Bonkowski, M., Fischer, M., Kandeler, E., Klaus, V., Kleinebecker, T., Marhan, S., Müller, J., Prati, D., Schöning, I., Schrumpf, M., Weinert, J., Oelmann, Y. (2017): The role of soil chemical properties, land use and plant diversity for microbial phosphorus in forest and grassland soils. Journal of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science (doi:10.1002/jpln.201700082).
Nacke, H., Schöning, I., Schindler, M., Schrumpf, M., Daniel, R., Nicol, G., Prosser, J. (2017): Links between seawater flooding, soil ammonia oxidiser communities and their response to changes in salinity. FEMS Microbiology Ecology (doi:10.1093/femsec/fix151).
Stempfhuber, B., Richter-Heitmann, T., Bienek, L., Schöning, I., Schrumpf, M., Friedrich, M., Schulz, S., Schloter, M. (2017): Soil pH and plant diversity drive co-occurrence patterns of ammonia and nitrite oxidizer in soils from forest ecosystems. Biology and Fertility of Soils, 53, 691-700 (doi:10.1007/s00374-017-1215-z).

Jones, S.K., Helfter, C., Anderson, M., Coyle, M., Campbell, C., Famulari, D., Di Marco, C., van Dijk, N., Topp, C.F.E., Kiese, R., Kindler, R., Siemens, J., Schrumpf, M., Kaiser, K., Nemitz, E., Levy, P., Rees, R.M., Sutton, M.A., Skiba, U.M. (2017) The nitrogen, carbon and greenhouse gas budget of a grazed, cut and fertilised temperate grassland. Biogeosciences 14 (8), 2069-2088

Shang, Y., Sikorski, J., Bonkowski, M., Fiore-Donno, A.-M., Kandeler, E., Marhan, S., Boeddinghaus, R.S., Solly, E.F., Schrumpf, M., Schöning, I., Wubet, T., Buscot, F., Overmann, J. (2017): Inferring interactions in complex microbial communities from nucleotide sequence data and environmental parameters. PLoS One, 12, e173765 (doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0173765).


Kaiser, K., Wemheuer, B., Korolkow, V., Wemheuer, F., Nacke, H., Schöning, I., Schrumpf, M., Daniel, R. (2016): Driving forces of soil bacterial community structure, diversity, and function in temperate grasslands and forests. Scientific Reports, accepted (SREP-16-18778).

Soliveres, S., van der Plas, F., Manning, P., Prati, D., Gossner, M.M., Renner, S.C., Alt, F., Arndt, H., Baumgartner, V., Binkenstein, J., Birkhofer, K., Blaser, S., Blüthgen, N., Boch, S., Böhm, S., Börschig, C., Buscot, F., Diekötter, T., Heinze, J., Hölzel, N., Jung, K., Klaus, V.H., Kleinebecker, T., Klemmer, S., Krauss, J., Lange, M., Morris, E.K., Müller, J., Oelmann, Y., Overmann, J., Pašalić, E., Rillig, M.C., Schaefer, H.M., Schloter, M., Schmitt, B., Schöning, I., Schrumpf, M., Sikorski, J., Socher, S.A., Solly, E.F., Sonnemann, I., Sorkau, E., Steckel, J., Steffan-Dewenter, I., Stempfhuber, B., Tschapka, M., Türke, M., Venter, P.C., Weiner, C.N., Weisser, W.W., Werner, M., Westphal, C., Wilcke, W., Wolters, V., Wubet, T., Wurst, S., Fischer, M., Allan, E. (2016): Biodiversity at multiple trophic levels is needed for ecosystem multifunctionality. Nature 536, 456–459.

Goldmann, K., Schröter, K., Pena, R., Schöning, I., Schrumpf, M., Buscot, F., Polle, Wubet, T. (2016): Divergent habitat filtering of root and soil fungal communities in temperate beech forests. Scientific Reports 6, 31439.

Klaus, V.H., Hölzel, N., Prati, D., Schmitt, B., Schöning, I., Schrumpf, M., Solly, E.F., Hänsel, F., Fischer, M., Kleinebecker, T. (2016): Plant diversity moderates drought stress in grasslands: Implications from a large real-world study on 13C natural abundances. Science of the Total Environment 566/567, 215–222.

Baumann, K., Schöning, I., Schrumpf, M., Ellerbrock, R.H., Leinweber, P. (2016): Rapid assessment of soil organic matter: Soil color analysis and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. Geoderma 278, 49-57.

Schwarz,M.T., Bischhoff, S., Blaser, S., Boch, S., Grassein, F., Klarner, B., Schmitt, B., Solly, E.F., Ammer, C., Michalzik, B., Schall, P., Scheu, S., Schöning, I., Schrumpf, M., Schulze, E.-D., Siemens, J., Wilcke, W. (2016): Drivers of nitrogen leaching from organic layers in Central European beech forests. Plant and Soil 403, 343-360.

Soliveres, S., Manning, P., Prati, D., Gossner, M.M., Alt, F., Arndt, H., Baumgartner, V., Binkenstein, J., Birkhofer, K., Blaser, S., Blüthgen, N., Boch, S., Böhm, S., Börschig, C., Buscot, F., Diekötter, T., Heinze, J., Hölzel, N., Jung, K., Klaus, V.H., Klein, A.-M., Kleinebecker, T., Klemmer, S., Krauss, J., Lange, M., Morris, E.K., Müller, J., Oelmann, Y., Overmann, J., Pašalić, E., Renner, S.C., Rillig, M.C., Schaefer, H.M., Schloter, M., Schmitt, B., Schöning, I., Schrumpf, M., Sikorski, J., Socher, S.A., Solly, E.F., Sonnemann, I., Sorkau, E., Steckel, J., Steffen-Dewenter, I., Stempfhuber, B., Tschapka, M., Türke, M., Venter, P., Weiner, C.N., Weisser, W.W., Werner, M., Westphal, C., Wilcke, W., Wolters, V., Wubet, T., Wurst, S., Fischer, M., Allan, E.(2016): Locally rare species influence grassland ecosystem multifunctionality, Philosophical Transactions B 371, 20150269.


Pérez-Priego, O., Guan, J., Rossini, M., Fava, F., Wutzler, T., Moreno, G., Carvalhais, N., Carrara, A., Kolle, O., Julitta, T., Schrumpf, M., Reichstein, M., Migliavacca, M. (2015). Sun-induced Chlorophyll fluorescence and PRI improve remote sensing GPP estimates under varying nutrient availability in a typical Mediterranean savanna ecosystem. Biogeosciences 12, 6351-6367. pdf.

Ahrens, B., Braakhekke, M. C., Guggenberger, G., Schrumpf, M., Reichstein, M. (2015): Contribution of sorption, DOC transport and microbial interactions to the 14C age of a soil organic carbon profile: Insights from a calibrated process model. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 88, 390-402.

Allan, E., Manning, P., Alt, F., Binkenstein, J., Blaser, S, Blüthgen, N., Böhm, S., Grassein, F., Hölzel, N., Klaus, V., Kleinebecker, T., Morris, K.E., Oelmann, Y., Prati, D., Renner, S., Rillig, M., Schaefer, M.H., Schloter, M., Schmitt, B., Schöning, I., Schrumpf, M., Solly, E., Sorkau, E., Steckel, J., Steffan-Dewenter, I., Stempfhuber, B., Tschapka, M., Weiner, C., Weisser, W., Werner, M., Westphal, C., Wilcke, W., Fischer, M. (2015): Effects of land-use intensification on ecosystem multifunctionality are driven by biodiversity loss. Ecology Letters, 18 , 834-843.

Torn, M.S., Chabbi, A., Crill, P., Hanson, P. J., Janssens, I. A., Luo, Y., Pries, C. H., Rumpel, C., Schmidt, M. W. I., Six, J., Schrumpf, M., and Zhu, B. (2015) A call for international soil experiment networks for studying, predicting, and managing global change impacts. SOIL, 1, 575-582.

Solly, E.F., Schöning, I., Herold, N., Trumbore, S.E. & Schrumpf, M. (2015): No depth-dependence of fine root litter decomposition in temperate beech forest soils. Plant and Soil, 393, 273-282.

Stempfhuber, B., Engel, M., Fischer, D., Neskovic-Prit, G. , Wubet, T., Schöning, I., Cécile Gubry-Rangin, C., Kublik, S., Schloter-Hai, B., Rattei, T., Welz, G., Nicol, G.W., Schrumpf, M., Buscot, F., Prosser, J.I., Schloter, M. (2015): pH as a driver for ammonia-oxidizing archaea in forest soils. Microbial Ecology, Microbial Ecology, 69, 879–883 (doi: 10.1007/s00248-014-0548-5).

Schrumpf, M., Kaiser, K. (2015): Large differences in estimates of soil organic carbon turnover in density fractions by using single and repeated radiocarbon inventories. Geoderma 239, 168-178. pdf

Ahrens, B., Hansson, K., Solly, E.F., Schrumpf, M. (2014): Reconcilable differences: a joint calibration of fineroot turnover times with radiocarbon and minirhizotrons. New Phytologist doi:10.1111/nph.12979. pdf

Solly, E. F., Schöning, I., Boch, S.,Kandeler, E., Marhan, S., Michalzik, B., Müller, J., Zscheischler, J., Trumbore, S.E., Schrumpf, M.: Factors controlling decomposition rates of fine root litter in temperate forests and grasslands, Plant and Soil 382, 203-218. pdf

Herold, N., Schöning, I., Michalzik, B., Trumbore, S.E., Schrumpf, M. (2014): Controls on soil carbon storage and turnover in German landscapes. Biogeochemistry 119:435–451 pdf

Herold, N., Schöning, I., Berner, D., Haslwimmer, H., Kandeler, E., Michalzik, B., Schrumpf, M. (2014) Vertical gradients of potential enzyme activities in soil profiles of European beech, Norway spruce and Scots pine dominated forest sites. Pedobiologia, 57: 181-189 pdf

Schrumpf, M., Kaiser, K., Schulze, E.-D. (2014) Soil Organic Carbon and Total Nitrogen Gains in an Old Growth Deciduous Forest in Germany. PLoS ONE 9(2): e89364. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0089364 pdf

Braakhekke, M. C., C., Beer, C., Schrumpf, M., Ekici, A., Ahrens, B., Hoosbeek, M.R., Kruijt, B., Kabat, P. and Reichstein, M. (2014) The use of radiocarbon to constrain current and future soil organic matter turnover and transport in a temperate forest. Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences 119, 372-391.

Herold, N., Schöning, I., Gutknecht, J., Alt, F., Boch, S., Müller, J., Oelmann, Y., Socher, S.A., Wilke, W., Wubet, T., Schrumpf, M.(2014): Soil property and management effects on grassland microbial communities across a latitudinal gradient in Germany. Applied Soil Ecology, 73, 41-50. pdf

Klaus, V.H., Hölzel, N., Prati, D., Schmitt, B., Schöning, I., Schrumpf, M., Fischer, M., Kleinebecker, T. (2013): Organic vs. conventional grassland management: Do 15N and 13C isotopic signatures of hay and soil samples differ? PLoS ONE, 8, e78134. pdf

Solly, E., Schöning, I., Boch, S., Müller, J., Socher, S.A., Trumbore, S.E., Schrumpf, M.(2013): Mean age of carbon in fine roots from temperate forests and grasslands with different management. Biogeosciences, 10, 4833-4843. pdf

Schrumpf, M., Kaiser, K., Guggenberger, G., Persson, T., Kögel-Knabner, I., Schulze, E.-D. (2013) Storage and stability of organic carbon in soils as related to depth, occlusion within aggregates, and attachment to minerals. Biogeosciences 10, 1675-1691. pdf

Schöning, I., Grüneberg, E., Sierra, C.A., Hessenmöller, D., Schrumpf, M., Weisser, W.W., Schulze, E.-D. (2013) Causes of variation in mineral soil C content and turnover in differently managed beech dominated forests. Plant and Soil 370, 625-639.

Braakhekke, M.C., Wutzler, T., Beer, C., Kattge, J., Schrumpf, M., Ahrens, B., Schöning, I., Hoosbeek, M.R., Kruijt, B., Kabat, P., Reichstein, M. (2013) Modeling the vertical soil organic matter profile using Bayesian parameter estimation. Biogeosciences 10, 399-420. pdf

Wäldchen, J., Schulze, E.D., Schöning, I., Schrumpf, M., Sierra, C. (2013) The influence of changes in forest management over the past 200 years on present soil organic carbon stocks. Forest Ecology and Management 289, 243-254.

Birkhofer, K., Schöning, I., Alt, F., Herold,N., Klarner, B., Maraun, M., Marhan, S., Oelmann, Y., Wubet, T., Yurkov, A., Begerow, D., Berner, D., Buscot,F., Daniel, R., Diekötter, T., Ehnes, E.B., Erdmann, G., Fischer, C., Foesel, B., Groh, J., Gutknecht, J., Kandeler, E., Lang, C., Lohaus, G., Meyer, A., Nacke, H., Näther, A., Overmann, J., Polle, A., Pollierer, M.M., Scheu, S., Schloter, M., Schulze, E.D., Schulze, W., Weinert, J., Weisser, W.W., Wolters, V., Schrumpf, M. (2012) General Relationships between Abiotic Soil Properties and Soil Biota across Spatial Scales and Different Land-Use Types. PLoS ONE 7(8): e43292. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0043292

Wäldchen, J., Schöning, I., Mund, M., Schrumpf, M., Bock, S., Herold, N., Totsche, K.U., Schulze, E.D. (2012) Estimation of clay content from easily measurable water content of air-dried soil. Journal of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science 175, 367-376.

Schrumpf, M., Schulze, E.D., Kaiser, K., Schumacher, J. (2011) How accurately can soil organic carbon stocks and stock changes be quantified by soil inventories? Biogeosciences 8: 1193-1212.

Loubet, B., Laville, P., Lehuger, S., Larmanou, E., Flechard, C., Mascher, N., Genermont, S., Roche, R., Ferrara, R. M., Stella, P., Personne, E., Durand, B., Decuq, C., Fura, D., Masson, S., Fanucci, O., Rampon, J.-N., Siemens, J., Kindler, R., Gabrielle, B., Schrumpf, M., and Cellier, P. (2011) Measurement base carbon, nitrogen and GHG balances of a four years crop rotation. Plant and Soil 343: 109-137.

Braakhekke, M.C., Beer, C., Hoosbeek, M.R., Reichstein, M., Kruijt, B., Schrumpf, M., Kabat, P. (2011) SOMPROF: A vertically explicit soil organic matter model. Ecological Modelling 222: 1712-1730.

Nacke, H., Thurmer, A., Wollherr, A., Will, C., Hodac, L., Herold, N., Schöning, I., Schrumpf, M., Daniel, R. (2011) Pyrosequencing-Based Assessment of Bacterial Community Structure Along Different Management Types in German Forest and Grassland Soils. Plos One 6: e17000.

Alt, F., Oelmann, Y., Herlod, N., Schrumpf, M., Wilcke, W. (2011) Phosphorus partitioning in German grassland and forest soils as related to land-use type, management intensity, and land-use related pH. Journal of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science.

Schrumpf, M., Axmacher, J.C., Zech, W., Lyaruu, H.V.M. (2011) Net precipitation and soil water dynamics in clearings, old secondary and old growth forests in the mountain rain forest belt at Mount Kilimanjaro, Tanzania. Hydrological Processes.

Schrumpf, M., Lyaruu, H.V.C., Axmacher, J.C., Zech, W. (2011) Effects of forest disturbance and regeneration on net precipitation and soil water dynamics in tropical montane rain forest at Mt Kilimanjaro, Tanzania. In: L.A. Bruijnzeel et al. (eds.): Mountains in the Mist: Science for Conserving and Managing Tropical Montane Cloud Forests. University of Hawaii Publishers, Honolulu, Hawaii.

Will, C., Thürmer, A., Wollherr, A., Nacke, H., Herold, N., Schrumpf, M., Gutknecht, J., Wubet, T., Buscot, F., Daniel, R. (2010) Horizon-specific bacterial community composition of German grassland soils as revealed by pyrosequencing-based analyses of 16S rRNA genes. Applied and Environmental Microbiology (AEM) 76: 6751-6759.

Kutsch, W. L., Aubinet, M., Buchmann, N., Smith, P., Osborne, B., Eugster, W., Wattenbach, M., Schrumpf, M., Schulze, E. D., Tomelleri, E., Ceschia, E., Bernhofer, C., Béziat, P., Carrara, A., Di Tommasi, P., Grünwald, T., Jones, M., Magliulo, V., Marloie, O., Moureaux, C., Olioso, A., Sanz, M. J., Saunders, M., Søgaard, H., Ziegler, W. (2010) The net biome production of full crop rotations in Europe. Agriculture Ecosystems & Environment. doi:10.1016/j.agee.2010.07.016

Kindler, R., Siemens, J., Kaiser, K., Walmsley, D.C., Bernhofer, C., Buchmann, N., Cellier, P., Eugster, W., Gleixner, G., Grünwald, T., Heim, A., Ibrom, A., Jones, S.K., Jones, M., Klumpp, K., Kutsch, W., Larsen, K.S., Lehuger, S., Loubet, B., McKenzie, R., Moors, E., Osborne, B., Pilegaard, K., Rebmann, C., Saunders, M., Schmidt, M.W.I., Schrumpf, M., Seyfferth, J., Skiba, U., Soussana, J.-F., Sutton, M.A. Tefs, C., Vowinckel, B., Zeeman, M.J., Kaupenjohann, M. (2010) Dissolved carbon leaching from soil is a crucial component of the net ecosystem carbon balance. Global Change Biology, DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2486.2010.02282.x

Schulze, E.D., Ciais, P., Luyssaert, S., Schrumpf, M., Janssens, I.A., Thiruchittampalam, B., Theloke, J., Saurat, M., Bringezu, S., Lelieveld, J., Lohila, A., Rebmann, C., Jung, M., Bastviken, D., Abril, G., Grassi, G., Leip, A., Freibauer, A., Kutsch, W., Don, A., Nieschulze, J., Börner, A., Gash, J., Dolman, A.J. (2010) The European carbon balance: Part 4: Integration of carbon and other trace-gas fluxes. Global Change Biology 16: 1451-1469.

Kutsch, W., Persson, T., Schrumpf, M., Moyano, F.E., Mund, M., Andersson, S., Schulze, E.D. (2010) Heterotrophic soil respiration and soil carbon dynamics in the deciduous Hainich forest obtained by three approaches. Biogeochemistry 100: 167-183.

Rodeghiero, M., Heinemeyer, A., Schrumpf, M., Bellamy, P. H. (2010) Determination of changes in soil organic carbon stocks. In: Integrated Methodology on soil carbon flux measurements (eds. Kutsch, W., Bahn, M., Heinemeyer, A.), Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 49–76.

before 2010
Schrumpf, M., Schumacher, J., Schöning, I., Schulze, E.D. (2008) Monitoring Carbon Stock Changes in European Soils: Process Understanding and Sampling Strategies. In: The Continental-Scale Greenhouse Gas Balance of Europe (eds. Dolman AJ, Freibauer A, Valentini R), Springer, New York, 153–198.

Peltoniemi, M., Thürig, E., Ogle, S., Palosuo, T., Schrumpf, M., Wutzler,T., Butterbach-Bahl, K., Chertov, O., Komarov, A., Mikhailov, A., Gärdenäs, A., Perry, C., Liski, J., Smith, P. Mäkipää,R. (2007) Soil carbon models and nation-wide assessments of changes in forest carbon stocks. Silva Fennica 41: 575–602.

Schrumpf, M., Axmacher, J.C., Zech, W., Lehmann, J., Lyaruu, H.V.M. (2007) Long-term effects of rainforest disturbance on the nutrient composition of throughfall, organic layer percolate and soil solution at Mt. Kilimanjaro. Science of the Total Environment 376: 241–254.

Schrumpf, M., Zech, W., Lehmann, J., Lyaruu, H.V.C. (2006) TOC, TON, TOS and TOP in rainfall, throughfall, litter percolate and soil solution of a montane rainforest succession at Mt. Kilimanjaro, Tanzania. Biogeochemistry 78: 361–387.

Schrumpf, M., Zech, W., Axmacher, J.C., Lyaruu, H.V.M. (2006) Biogeochemistry of an afrotropical montane rain forest on Mt. Kilimanjaro, Tanzania. Journal of Tropical Ecology 22: 77–89.

Axmacher, J. C., Scheuermann, L., Schrumpf, M., Lyaruu, H. V. M., Fiedler, K., Müller-Hohenstein, K. (2006): Effects of fire on the diversity of geometrid moths on Mt. Kilimanjaro. In: Spehn, E. M., Liberman, M., & Körner, C. (eds.): Land Use Change and Mountain Biodiversity. CRC Press/Taylor and Francis, 153–198.

Axmacher, J.C., Tünte, H., Schrumpf, M., Müller-Hohenstein, K., Lyaruu, H.V.C., Fiedler, K. (2004) Diverging diversity patterns of vascular plants and geometrid moths during forest regeneration on Mt Kilimanjaro, Tanzania. Journal of Biogeography 31: 895–904.

Schrumpf, M., Guggenberger, G., Valarezo, C., Zech, W. (2001) Tropical montane rain forest soils. Development and nutrient status along an altitudinal gradient in the South Ecuadorian Andes. Die Erde 132: 43–59.

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