Melanie A. Kern
Terrestrial Biosphere Modelling (TBM)
The terrestrial biosphere sequesters currently about 25% of anthropogenic CO2 emissions, which reduces human-induced climate change. Models and observations suggest that this is largely caused by a CO2
fertilization effect on plants, which may be reduced in the future due
to progressively increasing nitrogen (N) limitation. However, the extent
to such so-called progressive N limitation (PNL) occurs is highly
uncertain, and causes major disagreement among model projections of
future land carbon (C) uptake. Recent studies have shown that most
terrestrial biosphere models (TBMs) have the tendency to overestimate
PNL on plant growth under elevated CO2 (eCO2) by
lacking a representation of the potential of plants to acclimate to
environmental changes, particularly with regard to plant N nutrition and
plant N acquisition.
In this context, I focus on two important plant N acquisition strategies, which rely on symbioses, i.e. symbiotic N fixation and mycorrhizal fungi, that are only insufficiently represented in TBMs yet to answer the questions if and to what extent N controls plant growth under current conditions, as well as under rising atmospheric CO2, to improve predictions of future land C uptake.
During my PhD I developed a plant N acquisition model within the TBM QUINCY that allows plants to actively invest C into (i) root uptake of mineral N, (ii) mycorrhizal fungi that export N to their host plants, and (iii) symbiotic N fixers. Following the basic assumption that plants target maximum growth, the model calculates (potential) C costs for each strategy, and allocates available C accordingly to gain most N by investing less C.
As part of the QUINCY project I now investigate the effects of the newly implemented model structure on plant N acquisition and future land C uptake.
since 09/2020 Scientist at the Institute of Soil Science at the Universität Hamburg, Hamburg, DE
05/2020 - 08/2020 Scientist at the Biogeochemical Signals Department at the Max Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry, Jena, DE
03/2019 – 04/2019 Visiting Scientist at the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA) in Laxenburg, AT
01/2018 – 01/2018 Visiting Scientist at the research group for Plants and Ecosystems (PLECO) at the university of Antwerp, BE
10/2016 - 10/2020 PhD Student at the Technical University of Munich (TUM), and member of the TUM School of Life Sciences Weihenstephan
12/2015 - 10/2020 member of the International Max Planck Research School for Global Biogeochemical Cycles
10/2015 - 04/2020 PhD Student at the Biogeochemical Integration Department at the Max Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry, Jena, DE
10/2013 - 09/2015 M.Sc. in Physics of Earth and Atmosphere (major: meteorology) at University of Bonn, DE
10/2010 - 09/2013 B.Sc. in Meteorology at University of Bonn, DE