Max Planck Gesellschaft

Mathias Göckede

Research Scientist
Leader of the Research Group 'Integrating surface-atmosphere Exchange Processes Across Scales - Modeling and Monitoring (IPAS)'

Phone: + 49 151 5110 6657
fax: + 49 3641 577300
email: mgoeck(at)

Research Focus:

  • Feedback processes between terrestrial ecosystem functionality and climate change
  • Observation of greenhouse gas exchange processes with interdisciplinary approaches
  • Assimilation of datasets covering multiple spatiotemporal scales into modeling frameworks
  • Observation and modeling of methane fluxes across scales

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Research Interests:

My research interests focus on the design of networks of greenhouse gas observation systems covering multiple spatiotemporal scales, and the assimilation of these new datasets into flexible modeling frameworks. One major focus is placed on approaches to optimize a hierarchy of observation platforms across scales to constrain surface-atmosphere exchange fluxes of unknown, but presumably highly variable spatiotemporal distribution (e.g. methane fluxes in permafrost ecosystems). A second major focus, directly related to the first, is to mine all information available on ecosystem feedbacks to climate variability, ranging from small scale soil chambers to large scale satellite data, from high-frequency eddy-covariance data to long-term biometric inventories, in order to improve the representation of underlying mechanisms in process models.

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Research Activities:

Permafrost monitoring in Northeast Siberia
In summer 2013, my research group established a new monitoring site to capture greenhouse gas exchange fluxes between permafrost ecosystems and the atmosphere near Chersky, Northeast Siberia. Instruments were installed on a wet tussock tundra in the floodplain of the Kolyma river, about 15km south of town. For a disturbed site (drainage since 2004) and an undisturbed reference, exchange fluxes of CH4 and CO2 are measured with 2 eddy-covariance towers and ancillary observations, e.g. flux chambers. All instruments are set up to provide year-round observations of greenhouse gas flux exchange patterns, including the Arctic winter (e.g. Göckede et al., GCB 2019). Additional Arctic observations include the atmospheric monitoring site Ambarchik, and measuring grazing disturbance effects in the Pleistocene Park area near Chersky.

Regional scale inverse modeling of carbon budgets at high Northern latitudes
My research group applies atmospheric inverse modeling approaches for various regional scale settings across the Arctic, with the overarching objective of generating large-scale, data-driven assessments of spatio-temporal variability in greenhouse gas exchange fluxes. One specific focus has been placed on the use of top-down modeling as an independent validation tool to assess the representativeness of bottom-up process models, and contribute to their improvement. Target areas are e.g. the Siberian permafrost regions, the East Siberian Arctic Shelf, or the North Atlantic Ocean domains.

Quality assessment and improved interpretation of eddy-covariance methane fluxes
Besides work on general quality assessment of eddy-covariance fluxes under very harsh conditions in the Arctic winter (e.g. Kittler et al., JGR 2017) my group has developed a method that allows to evaluate potential biases linked to the impact of non-stationary emission outbursts on eddy-covariance methane fluxes (e.g. Schaller et al., ACP 2019). Further work along these lines aims at improving the interpretation of eddy covariance methane flux datasets for sites in inhomogeneous terrain, with a specific focus on directionality in the environmental response functions.

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Current Projects:

INTAROS: An Integrated Arctic Observing System
Collaborative project funded by the EU (Grant Agreement Number 727890), Dec 2016 - Nov 2021
Participation across three work packages (#2, 3, and 6), focusing on evaluating and extending atmospheric and terrestrial observational networks for carbon cycle monitoring in the Arctic

KoPf-Synthese - Kohlenstoff im Permafrost: Kohlenstoffumsatz und Treibhaugasfreisetzung aus tauendem Permafrost Nordostsibiriens unter sich ändernden Umwelt- und Klimabedingungen
Russian-German collaboration, BMBF funded, Jun 2020 - May 2021
Participation in work package #2: Projections of the impact of degrading Siberian permafrost on larger scale greenhouse gas emissions and global climate trajectories

Nunataryuk: Permafrost thaw and the changing Arctic coast, science for socioeconomic adaptation
Collaborative project funded by the EU (Grant Agreement Number 773421), Nov 2017 - Oct 2022
Participation in work package #3, focusing on characterizing and quantifying lateral export processes of carbon within terrestrial watersheds in the Arctic

CaSPer - Modeling the effect of silicon and calcium availability on the future sustainability of Arctic permafrost carbon pools based on laboratory and field experiments
Funded by the German Research Association (DFG), Apr 2019 - Apr 2022
Main focus placed on process-based modeling of permafrost carbon fluxes under consideration of current and future limiting effects of Si/Ca availability

Past Projects:

KoPf - Kohlenstoff im Permafrost: Kohlenstoffumsatz und Treibhaugasfreisetzung aus tauendem Permafrost Nordostsibiriens unter sich ändernden Umwelt- und Klimabedingungen
Russian-German collaboration, BMBF funded, Jun 2017 - May 2020
Participation in work package #2: Projektionen der Auswirkung von sibirischem degradierendem Permafrost auf groß-regionale bis globale Treibhausgasemissionen und das Klima

CarboPerm: Carbon processes in permafrost ecosystems: generation, transformation and release
Russian-German collaboration, BMBF funded, Oct 2013 - Sep 2016
Investigation of the impact of disturbance processes on Arctic carbon-climate feedbacks, with a particular focus on modeling of methane emissions from permafrost ecosystems.

PAGE21: Changing permafrost in the Arctic and its global effects in the 21st century
Collaborative project funded by the EU (FP7), Nov 2011 - Oct 2015
Main focus on the observation of surface-atmosphere exchange processes of carbon and energy in the Siberian permafrost region.

PerCCOM: Observations and modeling of the arctic permafrost carbon cycle
Funded by the AXA research foundation, Apr 2013 - Mar 2015
Understand the precise environmental factors influencing the exchange of both CO2 and methane gas between Arctic ecosystems and the atmosphere.

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Professional background

since 01/2012 Group leader at the Max-Planck-Institute for Biogeochemistry in Jena, Germany
06/2005-12/2011 Research Associate in the TERRA-PNW Group at Oregon State University, Corvallis, USA
10/2000-06/2005 PhD candidate at the University of Bayreuth Germany

Full CV (en)

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Recent key publications

Göckede, M., Kwon, M. J., Kittler, F., Heimann, M., Zimov, N., Zimov, S. (2019). Negative feedback processes following drainage slow down permafrost degradation. Global Change Biology, 25(10), 3254-3266. doi:10.1111/gcb.14744.
Kittler, F., Heimann, M., Kolle, O., Zimov, N., Zimov, S., Göckede, M. (2017). Long-term drainage reduces CO2 uptake and CH4 emissions in a Siberian permafrost ecosystem. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 31(12), 1704-1717. doi:10.1002/2017GB005774.
Knox, S. H., Jackson, R. B., Poulter, B., McNicol, G., Fluet-Chouinard, E., Zhang, Z., Hugelius, G., Bousquet, P., Canadell, J. G., Saunois, M., Papale, D., Chu, H., Keenan, T. F., Baldocchi, D., Torn, M. S., Mammarella, I., Trotta, C., Aurela, M., Bohrer, G., Campbell, D. I., Cescatti, A., Chamberlain, S., Chen, J., Chen, W., Dengel, S., Desai, A. R., Euskirchen, E., Friborg, T., Gasbarra, D., Goded, I., Göckede, M., Heimann, M., Helbig, M., Hirano, T., Hollinger, D. Y., Iwata, H., Kang, M., Klatt, J., Krauss, K. W., Kutzbach, L., Lohila, A., Mitra, B., Morin, T. H., Nilsson, M. B., Niu, S., Noormets, A., Oechel, W. C., Peichl, M., Peltola, O., Reba, M. L., Richardson, A. D., Runkle, B. R. K., Ryu, Y., Sachs, T., Schäfer, K. V. R., Schmid, H. P., Shurpali, N., Sonnentag, O., Tang, A. C. I., Ueyama, M., Vargas, R., Vesala, T., Ward, E. J., Windham-Myers, L., Wohlfahrt, G., Zona, D. (2019). FLUXNET-CH4 synthesis activity: objectives, observations, and future directions. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 101(1), 2607-2632. doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-18-0268.1.
Kwon, M. J., Natali, S. M., Pries, C. E. H., Schuur, E. A. G., Steinhof, A., Crummer, K. G., Zimov, N., Zimov, S. A., Heimann, M., Kolle, O., Göckede, M. (2019). Drainage enhances modern soil carbon contribution but reduces old soil carbon contribution to ecosystem respiration in tundra ecosystems. Global Change Biology, 25(4), 1315-1325. doi:10.1111/gcb.14578.
Natali, S. M., Watts, J. D., Rogers, B. M., Potter, S., Ludwig, S. M., Selbmann, A.-K., Sullivan, P. F., Abbott, B. W., Arndt, K. A., Birch, L., Björkman, M. P., Bloom, A. A., Celis, G., Christensen, T. R., Christiansen, C. T., Commane, R., Cooper, E. J., Crill, P., Czimczik, C., Davydov, S., Du, J., Egan, J. E., Elberling, B., Euskirchen, E. S., Friborg, T., Genet, H., Göckede, M., Goodrich, J. P., Grogan, P., Helbig, M., Jafarov, E. E., Jastrow, J. D., Kalhori, A. A. M., Kim, Y., Kimball, J. S., Kutzbach, L., Lara, M. J., Larsen, K. S., Lee, B.-Y., Liu, Z., Loranty, M. M., Lund, M., Lupascu, M., Madani, N., Malhotra, A., Matamala, R., McFarland, J., McGuire, A. D., Michelsen, A., Minions, C., Oechel, W. C., Olefeldt, D., Parmentier, F.-J.-W., Pirk, N., Poulter, B., Quinton, W., Rezanezhad, F., Risk, D., Sachs, T., Schaefer, K., Schmidt, N. M., Schuur, E. A. G., Semenchuk, P. R., Shaver, G., Sonnentag, O., Starr, G., Treat, C. C., Waldrop, M. P., Wang, Y., Welker, J., Wille, C., Xu, X., Zhang, Z., Zhuang, Q., Zona, D. (2019). Large loss of CO2 in winter observed across the northern permafrost region. Nature Climate Change, 9(11), 852-857. doi:10.1038/s41558-019-0592-8.

List of publications under MPI affiliation
ORCID - full list of publications
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