Ecosystem Function from Earth Observation

Dr. Gregory Duveiller


Carbon, water and energy fluxes between the land and the atmosphere strongly depend on the functioning of ecosystems. Yet, understanding, characterizing and predicting the role of land on climate is intrinsically challenging, not only because of the complexity of the processes involved, but also by the large heterogeneity of the land surface itself. This spatial variation results from local climatological, topographical and edaphic conditions, but also by the great diversity in vascular plants, in how they are organized in distinctive ecosystems, in how these are structured within the landscape, and how these landscapes have been shaped and altered by humans for millennia.

The Ecosystem Function from Earth Observation group aims at rethinking how we quantify and map ecosystem functional properties from space by synergistically exploiting the increasing diversity of complementary satellite data streams that are currently available. This involves redesigning how we combine these signals together by integrating process-based understanding and data-driven approaches. A key focus is on exploring the complexity and diversity of terrestrial ecosystems, and how their specific functional properties affect land-atmosphere interactions. Topics explored under this umbrella include: (i) improving estimations of carbon, water and energy fluxes; (ii) studying the role of biodiversity (specifically functional diversity) to improve ecosystem resilience; (iii) exploring the biophysical effects of land use and land management on climate.


Gregory Duveiller
Project Leader
  • +49 3641 57-6281
MPG PublicationsGoogle Scholar ORCID
Ulisse Gomarasca
Doctoral Researcher
  • +49 3641 57-6237
MPG PublicationsORCID ResearchGate
Wantong Li
MPG PublicationsResearchgate
Daniel Loos
  • +49 3641 57-6251
GitHub ORCiD
David Martini
  • +49 3641 57-6209
MPG Publications
Daniel E. Pabon Moreno
  • +49 3641 57-6299
MPG PublicationsMastodon
Javier Pacheco Labrador
  • +49 3641 57-6242
MPG Publications
Di Xie
  • +49 3641 57-6232




Joint project ITMS Integrated Greenhouse Gas Monitoring System for Germany - Module B (demonstration phase)
Duration: 08/2022 - 07/2026
PI/Co-PIs: Gregory Duveiller


Joint project ITMS Integrated Greenhouse Gas Monitoring System for Germany - Characterization of uncertainty for high-resolution AI-based biogenic CO2 fluxes
Duration: 12/2023 - 11/2026
PI/Co-PIs: Martin Jung
Earth system models are the basis for understanding and projecting climate change. Despite progress in the field, the models’ ability to simulate both global and regional Earth system responses is limited by the representation of physical and biological small-scale processes. The EU-funded USMILE project will use machine learning to improve modelling and understanding of the Earth system. more
Open Earth Monitor
The mission of Open-Earth-Monitor is to accelerate uptake of environmental information to guide current and future users in research, decision-making and citizens toward the most sustainable solutions. more
The objective of the Sen4GPP project is to improve our knowledge on the spatio-temporal variations of GPP associated with terrestrial ecosystems by a synergistic exploitation of the complementary information (Land Surface Temperature – LST, Solar-Induced Fluorescence – SIF, Fraction of Absorbed Photosynthetically Active Radiation – FAPAR and land cover) provided by the Sentinel missions (Sentinel-2, Sentinel-3 and Sentinel-5P) at multiple spatial and temporal resolutions, as well as other Earth Observation and in situ data. more


Publications from Gregory Duveiller

Journal Article (16)

Journal Article
Dunn, R. J. H.; Aldred, F.; Gobron, N.; Miller, J. B.; Willett, K. M.; Ades, M.; Adler, R. R.; Allan, P.; Allan, R.; Anderson, J. et al.; Argüez, A.; Arosio, C.; Augustine, J. A.; Azorin-Molina, C.; Barichivich, J.; Beck, H. E.; Becker, A.; Bellouin, N.; Benedetti, A.; Berry, D. I.; Blenkinsop, S.; Bock, O.; Bodin, X.; Bosilovich, M. G.; Boucher, O.; Buehler, S. A.; Calmettes, B.; Carrea, L.; Castia, L.; Christiansen, H. H.; Christy, J. R.; Chung, E.-S.; Coldewey-Egbers, M.; Cooper, O. R.; Cornes, R. C.; Covey, C.; Cretaux, J.-F.; Crotwell, M.; Davis, S. M.; de Jeu, R. A. M.; Degenstein, D.; Delaloye, R.; Girolamo, L. D.; Donat, M. G.; Dorigo, W. A.; Durre, I.; Dutton, G. S.; Duveiller, G.; et, a.; Zotta, R. M.: Global Climate. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 102 (8), pp. 11 - 142 (2023)
Journal Article
Gomarasca, U.; Migliavacca, M.; Kattge, J.; Nelson, J. A.; Niinemets, Ü.; Wirth, C.; Cescatti, A.; Bahn, M.; Nair, R.; Acosta, A. et al.; Arain, A.; Beloiu, M.; Black, T.; Bruun, H. H.; Bucher, F.; Buchmann, N.; Carrara, A.; Byun, C.; Conte, A.; da Silva, A.; Duveiller, G.; Fares, S.; Ibrom, A.; Knohl, A.; Komac, B.; Limousin, J.; Lusk, C.; Mahecha, M.; Martini, D.; Minden, V.; Montagnani, L.; Mori, A.; Onoda, Y.; Penuelas, J.; Perez-Priego, O.; Poschlod, P.; Powell, T.; Reich, P.; Šigut, L.; van Bodegom, P.; Walther, S.; Wohlfahrt, G.; Wright, I.; Reichstein, M.: Leaf-level coordination principles propagate to the ecosystem scale. Nature Communications 14, 3948 (2023)
Journal Article
Winkler, K.; Yang, H.; Ganzenmüller, R.; Fuchs, R.; Ceccherini, G.; Duveiller, G.; Grassi, G.; Pongratz, J.; Bastos, A.; Shvidenko, A. et al.; Araza, A.; Herold, M.; Wigneron, J.-P.; Ciais, P.: Changes in land use and management led to a decline in Eastern Europe’s terrestrial carbon sink. Communications Earth & Environment 4, 237 (2023)
Journal Article
Nath, S.; Gudmundsson, L.; Schwaab, J.; Duveiller, G.; De Hertog, S. J.; Guo, S.; Havermann, F.; Luo, F.; Manola, I.; Pongratz, J. et al.; Seneviratne, S. I.; Schleussner, C. F.; Thiery, W.; Lejeune, Q.: TIMBER v0.1: a conceptual framework for emulating temperature responses to tree cover change. Geoscientific Model Development 16 (14), pp. 4283 - 4313 (2023)
Show more

Publications from Johnannes Gensheimer

Journal Article (3)

Journal Article
Zhao, X.; Chen, J.; Marshall, J.; Galkowski, M.; Hachinger, S.; Dietrich, F.; Shekhar, A.; Gensheimer, J.; Wenzel, A.; Gerbig, C.: Understanding greenhouse gas (GHG) column concentrations in Munich using the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) model. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 23 (22), pp. 14325 - 14347 (2023)
Journal Article
Bao, S.; Alonso, L.; Wang, S.; Gensheimer, J.; De, R.; Carvalhais, N.: Toward robust parameterizations in ecosystem‐level photosynthesis models. Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems 15 (8), e2022MS003464 (2023)
Journal Article
Gensheimer, J.; Turner, A. J.; Köhler, P.; Frankenberg, C.; Chen, J.: A convolutional neural network for spatial downscaling of satellite-based solar-induced chlorophyll fluorescence (SIFnet). Biogeosciences 19 (6), pp. 1777 - 1793 (2022)

Publications from Ulisee Gomarasca

Migliavacca, M., Musavi, T., Mahecha, M.D. et al.
The three major axes of terrestrial ecosystem function
Nature 598, 468–472 (2021).

Publications from Javier Pacheco Labrador

Journal Article (28)

Journal Article
Jantol, N.; Prikaziuk, E.; Celesti, M.; Hernandez‑Sequeira, I.; Tomelleri, E.; Pacheco-Labrador, J.; Wittenberghe, S. V.; Pla, F.; Bandopadhyay, S.; Koren, G. et al.; Siegmann, B.; Legović, T.; Kutnjak, H.; Cendrero‑Mateo, M. P.: Using sentinel-2-based metrics to characterize the spatial heterogeneity of FLEX sun-induced chlorophyll fluorescence on sub-pixel scale. Remote Sensing 15 (19), 4835 (2023)
Journal Article
Li, W.; Pacheco-Labrador, J.; Migliavacca, M.; Miralles, D.; Hoek van Dijke, A. J.; Reichstein, M.; Forkel, M.; Zhang, W.; Frankenberg, C.; Panwar, A. et al.; Zhang, Q.; Weber, U.; Gentine, P.; Orth, R.: Widespread and complex drought effects on vegetation physiology inferred from space. Nature Communications 14, 4640 (2023)
Journal Article
Pacheco-Labrador, J.; de Bello, F.; Migliavacca, M.; Ma, X.; Carvalhais, N.; Wirth, C.: A generalizable normalization for assessing plant functional diversity metrics across scales from remote sensing. Methods in Ecology and Evolution 14 (8), pp. 2123 - 2136 (2023)
Show more
Go to Editor View