Interested to work with us? Below you can find a list of Internship and thesis topics!
This group is co-funded by the German Research Foundation’s Emmy Noether program.
The understanding of the exchange of water, energy and carbon between the land surface and the atmosphere is the keystone to many of the fundamental challenges facing humanity.
We strive to improve the physical understanding of the Hydrology-Biosphere-Climate system through land surface modelling in combination with the analysis of Earth observations at continental-to-global scale.
The group’s research focuses on the interface of soil, vegetation, and atmosphere. The exchange and feedback processes acting there can affect weather and climate, food production, water availability, and hence economy and society.
In particular, our research is directed to contribute to
(1) better understanding of land-atmosphere coupling
Key examples: Denissen et al. 2022 & Li et al. 2022
(2) improved management of extreme events such as droughts and heat waves
Key examples: O et al. 2022 & Orth et al. 2022
(3) more accurate weather forecasts and climate projections
Key examples: Orth et al. 2016 & O et al. 2020
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Denissen, J.M.C., A.J. Teuling, A.J. Pitman, S. Koirala, M. Migliavacca, W. Li, M. Reichstein, A.J. Winkler, C. Zhan, and R. Orth (2022)
Widespread shift from ecosystem energy to water limitation with climate change
Nature Climate Change, 12, 677–684, doi: 10.1038/s41558-022-01403-8
Li, W., M. Migliavacca, M. Forkel, J.M.C. Denissen, M. Reichstein, H. Yang, G. Duveiller, U. Weber, and R. Orth (2022)
Widespread increasing vegetation sensitivity to soil moisture
Nature Communications, 3959, doi: 10.1038/s41467-022-31667-9
O, S., A. Bastos, M. Reichstein, W. Li, J.M.C. Denissen, H. Graefen, and R. Orth (2022)
The role of climate and vegetation in regulating drought-heat extremes
J. Climate, 35(17), 5677–5685, doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-21-0675.1
O, S. and R. Orth (2021)
Global soil moisture data derived through machine learning trained with in-situ measurements
Sci. Data, 8, 170, doi: 10.1038/s41597-021-00964-1 [Download Dataset]
O, S., E. Dutra, and R. Orth (2020)
Robustness of process-based versus data-driven modelling in changing climatic conditions
J. Hydrometeorol., 21(9), 1929–1944, doi: 10.1175/JHM-D-20-0072.1
Orth, R., E. Dutra, and F. Pappenberger (2016)
Improving weather predictability by including land-surface model parameter uncertainty
Mon. Weather Rev., 144(4), 1551-1569, doi: 10.1175/MWR-D-15-0283.1
RECENTLY ACCEPTED PUBLICATIONS
Orth, R., S. O, J. Zscheischler, M.D. Mahecha, and M. Reichstein
Contrasting biophysical and social impacts of hydro-meteorological extremes
Env. Res. Lett., doi: 10.1088/1748-9326/ac4139
Yu, X., R. Orth, M. Reichstein, M. Bahn, A. Klosterhalfen, A. Knohl, F. Koebsch, M. Migliavacca, M. Mund, J.A. Nelson, B.D. Stocker, S. Walther, and A. Bastos
Contrasting drought legacy effects on gross primary productivity in a mixed versus pure beech forest
Biogeosciences, 19, 4315–4329, doi: 10.5194/bg-19-4315-2022
Ruiz-Vásquez, M., S. O, A. Brenning, R.D. Koster, G. Balsamo, U. Weber, G. Arduini, A. Bastos, M. Reichstein, and R. Orth
Exploring the relationship between temperature forecast errors and Earth system variables
Earth Syst. Dynam., accepted
Zhan, C., R. Orth, M. Migliavacca, S. Zaehle, M. Reichstein, J. Engel, A. Rammig, and A.J. Winkler
Emergence of the physiological effects of elevated CO2 on land-atmosphere exchange of carbon and water
Global Change Biology, doi: 10.1111/gcb.16397
O, S., R. Orth, U. Weber, and S.K. Park
High-resolution European daily soil moisture derived with machine learning (2003-2020)
arXiv, doi: 10.48550/arXiv.2205.10753
Paulus, S., T.S. El-Madany, R. Orth, A. Hildebrandt, T. Wutzler, A. Carrara, G. Moreno, O. Perez-Priego, O. Kolle, M. Reichstein, and M. Migliavacca
Lysimeter based evaporation and condensation dynamics in a Mediterranean ecosystem
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci. Discuss., doi: 10.5194/hess-2021-519
BSc/MSc thesis and internship topics
- How is the water cycle, specifically the partitioning of precipitation into runoff and evapotranspiration, affected by climate change?
- What are the weather conditions associated with strong Google search interest in pollen and allergy?
- Comparing ecosystem impacts of different types of drought; low surface soil moisture vs. low deep soil moisture vs. low precipitation vs. high vapor pressure deficit.
- How important are soil moisture and vegetation for weather forecast accuracy in recent heat waves?
We are happy to welcome students in our group! If you are interested please send an email with your CV to firstname.lastname@example.org