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Storing carbon in the soil can help to mitigate climate change. Soil organic matter bound to minerals in particular can store carbon in the long term. A new study shows that the formation of mineral-associated organic matter depends primarily on the type of mineral, but is also influenced by land use and cultivation intensity.
The international Cabo Verde Atmospheric Observatory (CVAO) is being further expanded: The President of the Republic of Cabo Verde José Maria Neves and German President Frank-Walter Steinmeier laid the foundation stone on Thursday for a new laboratory building on São Vicente, one of the Cape Verde Islands off Africa. The Max Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry was involved in the construction of the station and has since been conducting long-term measurements of the greenhouse gases methane, carbon dioxide and nitrous oxide, among others, at the CVAO.
Vegetation can respond to drought through different mechanisms, including changes in the plants’ structure and physiology. By analyzing state-of-the-art satellite-derived datasets with explainable machine learning methods, an international team around Wantong Li and René Orth showed that the vegetation’s physiology in many ecosystems has deviated from its structure under drought on a global scale.
Carbon sinks on the land surface mitigate the greenhouse effect. An international team of scientists has now determined that the vast majority of Europe’s total above-ground carbon storage is provided by the forests of Eastern Europe. However, this carbon sink has declined, mainly due to changes in land use.
A new study shows that the efficiency of microbial carbon use is at least four times more influential than other biological factors or environmental conditions on the global storage and distribution of carbon in soil.
With a kick-off event on January 12, 2023, Friedrich Schiller University Jena, the Max Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry and the German Aerospace Center jointly opened the ELLIS Unit Jena. Machine learning and artificial intelligence are being used to help address global environmental crises.
Nine Max Planck scientists traveled to COP27 in Egypt, including Dr. Carlos Sierra, group leader at the Max Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry in Jena. In this interview, Tom Sparks shares his impressions and assessments of the role of science.
The Global Carbon Project presents its new report on global greenhouse gas budget trends. For the current year, CO2 emissions are projected to be slightly higher than before the pandemic, only slightly below the 2019 peak. If emissions remain at this high level, stabilization of the climate and achievement of the Paris climate targets is questionable.
The sources and sinks of greenhouse gases in Germany are to be better monitored in future. This is the goal of the Integrated Greenhouse Gas Monitoring System (ITMS) for Germany, which was officially launched with a three-day meeting from 18 to 20 October 2022 at the Max Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry in Jena. The ITMS is funded by the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF) and aims to provide the German government and the public with reliable information on the state and development of greenhouse gas fluxes.