International Conference on Computational ScienceICCS 2014: “Big Data meets Computational Science”:
Fifth Workshop on Data Mining in Earth System Science (DMESS 2014)
Co-convened by: Forrest M. Hoffman, Jitendra Kumar, J. Walter Larson, and Miguel D. Mahecha (MPI-BGC)
Spanning many orders of magnitude in time and space scales, Earth science data are increasingly large and complex and often represent very long time series, making such data difficult to analyze, visualize, interpret, and understand. Moreover, advanced electronic data storage technologies have enabled the creation of large repositories of observational data, while modern high performance computing capacity has enabled the creation of detailed empirical and process-based models that produce copious output across all these time and space scales. The resulting “explosion” of heterogeneous, multi-disciplinary Earth science data have rendered traditional means of integration and analysis ineffective, necessitating the application of new analysis methods and the development of highly scalable software tools for synthesis, assimilation, comparison, and visualization. This workshop explores various data mining approaches to understanding Earth science processes, emphasizing the unique technological challenges associated with utilizing very large and long time series geospatial data sets. Especially encouraged are original research papers describing applications of statistical and data mining methods—including cluster analysis, empirical orthogonal functions (EOFs), genetic algorithms, neural networks, automated data assimilation, and other machine learning techniques—that support analysis and discovery in climate, water resources, geology, ecology, and environmental sciences research.