Weathering of rocks by lichens and mosses explains climate effects during OrdovicianDuring the Ordovician, the geological past around 450 million years, the carbon dioxide concentration in the atmosphere was about eightfold of the current level. So far, it has been difficult to reproduce the abrupt cooling of the climate followed by the Ordovician glaciation. A new study published in Nature Communications shows that the growing land cover by lichens and mosses led to weathering, a process absorbing carbon dioxide and subsequently reducing its atmospheric concentration.
Philipp Porada, a former doctoral candidate in the research group of Axel Kleidon at the Max Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry and first author of the study, is astonished that tiny non-vascular plants may affect the global climate in the long run.
Lichens and mosses extrude a cocktail of organic acids resolving the rock surface and releasing important minerals for the plants. During this process atmospheric carbon dioxide is consumed. With the global spreading of the lichens and mosses in the late Ordovician this may have changed the climate.
The researchers used a process-based numerical model of non-vascular vegetation to simulate weathering by these organisms in the late Ordovician period.
P. Porada, T. M. Lenton, A. Pohl, B. Weber, L. Mander, Y. Donnadieu, C. Beer, U. Pöschl, A. Kleidon.
High potential for weathering and climate effects of non-vascular vegetation in the Late Ordovician.
Nature Communications, 2016; 7: 12113