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Tatra (Slowakia)


Intact Forest - IF

Latitude 49.12
Longitude 20.10

Extracted Site - EX

Latitude 49.12
Longitude 20.16

Not Extracted Site - NEX

Latitude 49.16
Longitude 20.25


  • Eddy covariance
  • Meteorology


CARBOTATRA 2006 - 2007

Description, History

On the 19. November 2004 a storm event with wind speed up to 170 km/h destroyed about 12 000 ha forest in the High Tatra National Park (TANAP). During the following months, the dead trees had been removed in most areas, in some small areas not. It was likely that the nutrient cycling would differ widely between extracted, non-extracted and intact sites in the forest. The CarboTatra project started in spring 2005 to investigate changes in nutrient cycle and microclimatic conditions due to the windfall.

The study was conducted at three different sites in the windfall area at TANAP, so called EX, NEX and IF. At the extracted windfall site (EX, Danielov Dom) the dead wood had been removed shortly after the windfall event. At the non-extracted Site (NEX, Jami) the trees had not been removed. The intact forest site (IF, Tower Site) was chosen as reference site without damage by the windfall event. The aim was to choose three sites with only low heterogeneity within and between the sites.

On all 3 Sites towers were erected (IF 30 m, EX 10 m und NEX 6 m) for examination and particularly for comparison of the exchange of carbon dioxide between different ecosystems, as well as the determination of energy and water balance.

Variables & Instruments


  • Eddy covariance - CO2, water vapor, momentum, heat (Gill R3, LI7000)


  • Wind velocity and wind direction - 2D-ultrasonic-anemometer, Thies
  • Air pressure - pressure transmitter PTB101B, Vaisala
  • Air temperature and humidity - temperature-humidity-sensor HMP45D, Vaisala
  • Precipitation - heated tipping bucket rain gauge, Thies
  • Solar radiation - net radiometer CNR1, Kipp & Zonen
  • Terrestrial radiation - net radiometer CNR1, Kipp & Zonen
  • Photosynthetically active radiation - PAR sensor PQS1, Kipp & Zonen

Soil conditions

  • Soil temperature - soil temperature sensors PT100, home-made
  • Soil moisture - soil moisture probes ML-2x, Delta-T
  • Soil heat flux - soil heat flux plates HP3/CN3, Rimco or HFP01, Hukseflux

Data acquisition

  • Meteorological data - datalogger CR23X, Campbell Scientific
  • Flux data - notebook


Don, A., Bärwolff, M., Kalbitz, K., Andruschkewitsch, R., Jungkunst, H. F. Schulze, E.D. (2012). No rapid soil carbon loss after a windthrow event in the High Tatra. Forest Ecology and Management, 276, 239–246.
DOI: 10.1016/j.foreco.2012.04.010