Max Planck Gesellschaft


current projects

Completed Projects

Earth System Network of Integrated Modelling and Assessmen
1/2006 - 1/2013
contact: Daniela Dalmonech, Martin Heimann, Christoph Köstler, Gregor Schürmann, Sönke Zaehle
This is a joint research project of MPI for Biogeochemsitry, MPI for Meteorology, MPI for Chemistry, and the Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research to bridge the current gap between the traditional modelling of physical-chemical components of the Earth system and the modelling of the biosphere. TBM contributes to the workpackages on data assimilation and carbon-nitrogen cycling.

Observation Techniques and Mission Concepts for Analysis of the Global Carbon Cycle
8/2007 - 7/2008
contact: Julia Marshall

Observations and modeling of the arctic permafrost carbon cycle
Arctic Permafrost
4/2013 - 3/2015
contact: Mathias Goeckede

Automation of TCCON Data Analysis
Automation of TCCON Data Analysis
4/2017 - 2/2018
contact: Dietrich Feist

Balanco Atmosférico Regional de Carbono na Amazônia
1/2008 - 1/2010
contact: Christoph Gerbig
harmonized data set

Biodiversity exploratories: Database platform for storage of results and for exchange of data
9/2011 - 1/2018
contact: Martin Heimann

Cape Verde Atmospheric Observatory Humberto Duarte Fonseca
Cape Verde Atmospheric Observatory Humberto Duarte Fonseca
10/2006 - 3/2009
contact: Martin Heimann

CarbonFlux Study
11/2012 - 10/2014
contact: Sönke Zaehle

CarbonSat earth explorer 8 candidate mission - inverse modelling and mission performance study
3/2012 - 7/2013
contact: Julia Marshall

Changing Permafrost in the Arctic and its Global Effects in the 21st Century
11/2011 - 10/2015
contact: Christian Beer, Mathias Goeckede, Martin Heimann , Sonja Kaiser
PAGE21 is a Large-scale integrating collaborative project under the ENV call topic "Vulnerability of Arctic permafrost to climate change and implications for global GHG emissions and future climate" (ENV.2011.1.1.3-1) PAGE21 will aim to understand and quantify the vulnerability of permafrost environments to a changing global climate, and to investigate the feedback mechanisms associated with increasing greenhouse gas emissions from permafrost zones. This research will make use of a unique set of Arctic permafrost investigations performed at stations that span the full range of Arctic bioclimatic zones. The project will bring together the best European permafrost researchers and eminent scientists from Canada, Russia, the USA, and Japan.

Constraining carbon gross fluxes with oxygen isotopes
3/2005 - 2/2008
contact: Martin Heimann, Matthias Cuntz

Earth Observation Mission
4/2010 - 3/2011
contact: Julia Marshall, Martin Heimann

The Greenhouse Gas component of ESA's Climate Change Initiative Program
3/2014 - 2/2017
contact: Julia Marshall
Over the last decade, the Global Climate Observing System (GCOS), in support of the UNFCCC, has put together a set of requirements for satellite data to meet the needs of the climate change community. These are broken down into key parameters of the Earth system, or 'Essential Climate Variables' (ECVs) as they are known. To respond to this need for climate-quality satellite data, the European Space Agency (ESA) has set up a new programme, the ESA Climate Change Initiative. The goal is to provide stable, long-term, satellite-based ECV data products for climate modellers and researchers. The ECVs will be derived from multiple satellite data sets (not just ESA but all sources via international collaboration) and include specific information on the errors and uncertainties of the data set. The greenhouse gas subproject (GHG-CCI) focuses on carbon dioxide (CO2) and methane (CH4), the two most important anthropogenic greenhouse gases. Satellite observations combined with modelling helps to improve our knowledge of CO2 and CH4 sources and sinks as required for better climate prediction. GHG-CCI aims to deliver the high quality satellite retrievals needed for this application.

European Network for Atmospheric Hydrogen observations and studies
8/2006 - 7/2009
contact: Martin Heimann, Armin Jordan, Ute Karstens

European Network on New Sensing Technologies for Air-Pollution Control and Environmental Sustainability
7/2012 - 6/2016
contact: Jošt Lavric

Gap Analysis for Integrated Atmospheric ECV CLImate Monitoring
3/2015 - 2/2018
contact: Julia Marshall

Global and regional Earth-system Monitoring using Satellite and in-situ data
2/2007 - 5/2009
contact: Martin Heimann, Julia Marshall, Kristina Trusilova, Thomas Koch, Stefan Körner
GEMS will put in place by 2009 integrated systems for:  monitoring the global distributions of atmospheric constituents important for climate;  monitoring and forecasting constituents affecting air quality, with a focus on Europe. The specific tasks of GEMS include:  developing a global analysis and forecasting system for greenhouse gases, reactive gases and aerosols, based on assimilating data on atmospheric composition and weather;  organizing cooperative operation of regional air-quality forecasting systems for Europe;  demonstrating the capability of the systems by running them routinely in near-real-time;  providing retrospective global analyses for the period 2003–2007;  validating the products of the global and regional systems, including assessment of their value for protection of human health;  estimating the surface sources and sinks of greenhouse gases.

Global Earth Observation and Monitoring
3/2008 - 1/2011
contact: Martin Heimann, Michael Hielscher
The overall goal of the GEOMON project is to sustain and analyze European ground-based observations of atmospheric composition, complementary with satellite measurements, in order to quantify and understand the ongoing changes. GEOMON is a first step to build a future integrated pan-European Atmospheric Observing System dealing with systematic observations of long-lived greenhouse gases, reactive gases, aerosols, and stratospheric ozone. This will lay the foundations for a European contribution to GEOSS and optimize the European strategy of environmental monitoring in the field of atmospheric composition observations.

Greenhouse gas management in European land use systems
1/2010 - 9/2013
contact: Martin Heimann, Christoph Gerbig, Jošt Valentin Lavric, Antje Moffat, Markus Reichstein, Enrico Tomelleri, Sönke Zaehle

IAGOS for the GMES Atmospheric Service
1/2013 - 6/2016
contact: Christoph Gerbig, Julia Marshall

ICOS improved sensors, network and interoperability for GMES
1/2013 - 12/2015
contact: Christoph Gerbig (main BGC contact), Dietrich Feist, Jošt V. Lavric

In-Service Aircraft for a Global Observing System
11/2012 - 4/2014
contact: Christoph Gerbig

In-service Aircraft for a Global Observing System - European Research Infrastructure
8/2008 - 8/2013
contact: Christoph Gerbig
Im Rahmen des EU-geförderten Projekts IAGOS-ERI wird gemeinsam mit Industriepartnern ein Messgerät für Treibhausgasmessungen an Bord von Linienflugzeugen entwickelt. Mit diesem System soll an Bord der Airbus-A340-Flotte weltweit Kohlendioxid und Methan gemessen werden.

Infrastructure for Measurements of the European Cycle
4/2007 - 3/2011
contact: Christoph Gerbig, Dietrich Feist, Jošt Lavric

Integrated Carbon Observing System
4/2008 - 3/2013
contact: Christoph Gerbig, Markus Reichstein
ICOS is a new European Research Infrastructure for providing the long-term observations required to understand the present state and predict future behavior of the global carbon cycle and greenhouse gas emissions and for monitoring the effectiveness of carbon sequestration and/or greenhouse gases emission reduction activities on global atmospheric composition levels, including attribution of sources and sinks by region and sector. Our main role is to contribute to an assessment and optimization of the representativeness and usefulness of the European eddy covariance flux network for the goals of ICOS.

Integrated Non-CO2 Greenhouse gas Observing System
10/2011 - 9/2015
contact: Jošt Lavric, Olaf Kolle, Armin Jordan, Willi Brand, Ute Karstens, Christoph Gerbig

Integration of routine Aircraft measurements into a Global Observing System
4/2005 - 12/2009
contact: Christoph Gerbig

Joining ecophysiological Understanding and global ecosystem modelling for improved simulation of Land surface Interactions with the Atmosphere
8/2008 - 7/2011
contact: Sönke Zaehle

6/2009 - 5/2010
contact: Martin Heimann

Carbon processes in permafrost ecosystems: generation, transformation and release
10/2013 - 9/2016
contact: Martin Heimann, Mathias Goeckede, Markus Reichstein

Green-House-Gas Total Column Performance Simulations
3/2017 - 2/2019
contact: Julia Marshall

Man-induced Environmental Risks: Monitoring, Management and Remediation of Man-made Changes in Siberia
5/2009 - 5/2013
contact: Martin Heimann
This is the final report on the ENVIRO-RISKS project which documents the impact that human activities, such as the exploitation of oil, has on the greater region of Serbia. Funded under the European Commission's Sixth Framework Programme, the ENVIRO-RISKS project contributed to the development of synergies of research and development regarding strategies to reduce threats and / or human impact to the environment.

Marine Carbon Sources and Sinks Assessment (ex MARCASSA)
1/2005 - 12/2009
contact: Martin Heimann
Changes in the Earth’s climate are the result of both internal variability within the climate system and external factors, such as anthropogenic emissions of long-lived greenhouse gases. Carbon dioxid (CO2) is the most important manageable driving agent for climate change. Greenhouse gases, such as CO2, have a lasting effect on our Earth since they tend to warm up the atmosphere. Since 1750, the atmospheric CO2 concentration has been rising steadily. Most of the observed warming over the last 50 years is attributed to the increase in greenhouse gas concentration. CO2 cycles among the atmosphere, the land, and the oceans. On a long term, around 50% of the anthropogenic CO2 emissions are being taken up by the oceans and the land. Since the ocean has the most significant overall potential as a sink for anthropogenic CO2, the correct quantification of this sink is a fundamental necessary condition for all realistic prognostic climate simulations. It is the main task of the CARBOOCEAN Consortium to determine the ocean’s quantitative role for uptake of CO2. This new scientific knowledge is essential to a quantitative risk/uncertainty judgment on the expected consequences of rising atmospheric CO2 concentrations. Based on this judgment, it will be possible to guide the development of appropriate mitigation actions, such as the management of CO2 emission reductions within a global context.

Observation Techniques and Mission Concepts for Analysis of the Global Carbon Cycle
7/2007 - 7/2009
contact: Martin Heimann, Christoph Gerbig, Julia Marshall
EU, European Space Agency (ESA)

Ozeanische Oberflächenprozesse im Anthropozän II; Vorhaben: Quantifizierung regionaler ozeanatmosphärer Gasaustauschflüsse von CO2, O2 und N2O im subtrop. Atlantik und in der Mauretanischen Auftriebszone
2/2010 - 1/2013
contact: Martin Heimann, Markus Reichstein

Toward an Operational Global Carbon Observing System
10/2011 - 9/2014
contact: Nuno Carvalhais, Christoph Gerbig, Martin Heimann, Martin Jung, Christoph Köstler, Manos Kalomenopoulos, Miguel Mahecha, Markus Reichstein, Gregor Schürmann, Sönke Zaehle
GEOCARBON aims at designing a coordinated Global Carbon Observation and Analysis System, addressing the climate targets of the Group on Earth Observations (GEO) toward building a Global Earth Observation System of Systems (GEOSS) for carbon. Specific objectives are: 1. Provide an aggregated set of harmonized global carbon data (CO2 and CH4) and information (integrating the land, ocean, atmosphere and human dimension) 2. Develop improved Carbon Cycle Data Assimilation Systems (CCDAS) 3. Define the specifications for an operational Global Carbon Observing System 4. Provide improved regional carbon budgets of Amazon and Central Africa 5. Provide comprehensive and synthetic information on the annual sources and sinks of CO2 and CH4 for the globe and for large ocean and land regions 6. Provide an economic assessment of the value of an enhanced Global Carbon Observing System 7. Strengthen the effectiveness of the global Carbon Community participation in the GEO system. The achievements of each of the specific objectives will represent key advancements. Another major advancement will be the translation of the scientific knowledge into policy relevant information. This will allow decision makers timely addressing mitigation and adaptation strategies and verification process of greenhouse gas emissions and sinks.

Tropical Eastern North Atlantic Time-Series Observatory
9/2006 - 3/2009
contact: Martin Heimann

Directions | Disclaimer | Data Protection | Contact | Internal | Webmail | Local weather | PRINT | © 2011-2019 Max Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry